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Transcript of Nelson Mandela
Rolihlahla Mandela was born July 18, 1918 in Mvezo, Cape Province, Union of South Africa. He grew up with his mother and two sisters in the village of Qunu. Both of his parents were inerudite, but being a committed christian his mother sent him to a Methodist school when he was about seven. Here is where he'd be given the name "Nelson" by his teacher.
When Nelson was about nine his father moved back to Qunu where he died of undiagnosed ailment. Shortly after his mom took him to the "Great Place" at Mqhekezweni palace where he lived with Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo. The chief and his wife treated nelson as if he was their own. He didn't see his mother for many years after that.
Many years later nelson attended a secondary school in order to obtain the position of a privy counselor for the Thembu royal house. He soon became a prefect. Not long after he began going to the University of Fort Hare, where he became involved in a Students' Representative Council boycott against the quality of food, in which he was temporarily suspended from the university; he left without receiving a degree.
Change for the better
Nelson joined a group called the African National Congress (ANC).They organized huge protests and strikes nearly breaking South Africa's government which didn't provide for its non-white citizens despite their overwhelming majority in the population.
On 10 May 1994 he was inaugurated South Africa's first democratically elected President. True to his words he stepped down after only one term. Mandela stepped down as ANC President at the December 1997 conference. Retiring in June 1999,Nelson sought a quiet family life, to be divided between Johannesburg and Qunu.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela died at the age of 95 from a prolonged respiratory infection on December 5, 2013. On December 6, 2013 the current president of South Africa announced a national mourning period of ten days. Nelson's body lay in state from December 11-13 at the Union Buildings in Pretoria. A state funeral was held on December 15, 2013 in Qunu, South Africa. During his lifetime he married three times and had six children. He had many occupations and was loved by everyone.
On July 30, 1952, Nelson was arrested under the Suppression of Communism Act and stood trial as a part of the 21 accused – among them Moroka, Sisulu and Dadoo in Johannesburg. Found guilty of "statutory communism", their sentence of nine months' hard labor was suspended for two years. He'd been banned from public appearances three times. On December 5,1956, Mandela was arrested again along with most of the ANC Executive for "high treason" against the state. They ended up having a 6 year trial and producing a not guilty verdict, embarrassing the government. In trouble yet again the police captured Nelson on October 15,1962. Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years. He was released Feb. 11, 1990.