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Human Sciences Knowledge Framework

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Derek Simon

on 24 February 2015

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Transcript of Human Sciences Knowledge Framework

Scope and Applications
-Human Sciences is the study of human nature in a systematic and scientific way
-Investigates an explanation for human behaviors and development, includes subjects ranging from economics to psychology
-This area of knowledge is important because it attempts to explain irrational behaviors in a rational way
-There are ethical considerations regarding the methods of experimentation, such as not causing harm in a psychology experiments

Concepts/Language
-Verstehen position states that the main aim of human sciences is to understand the meaning of various social practices from the inside as they are understood by the agents themselves
-Another key concept to this area is the nature vs nurture debate, regarding whether human behavior is inherited or learned
Methodology
-While there are three different methods used, the procedures are similar to the approach that is used in the natural sciences
-Observational methods, case studies, and the experiment
-Concrete fact is nearly unobtainable in this area of knowledge. Theories about human nature and behavior are either supported or refuted.
-Theories can be modeled in order to attempt to explain human behavior. ex.- multi-store model of memory explaining how we store information
-Certain ethical guidelines must be followed for experimentation : Do no harm, do not deceive, allow participants to withdraw if they are uncomfortable, maintain participant anonymity, brief and debrief participants, and maintain informed consent

Links to Personal Knowledge
-This area of knowledge is important to the individual because it attempts to explain humankind both at an individual level and at a social level
-Most theories in human sciences stem from the personal experiences of the individual
-It is important for the individual to understand that there is no fact in the human sciences, only theory, and thus everything is still subject to investigation
-This approach assumes that there is a normal behavior

Knowledge Questions
-How important is empathy in our study of neuroscience?
- Why do we fight wars?
-Should we seek to understand or judge murderers?
-Should we be blamed for our morally questionable actions?
Historical Development
-The history of this area of knowledge has mostly influenced its ethical guidelines
-Previous studies in conformity and other investigations in human nature have allowed for growth in the way that experiments in human sciences are conducted
-Historical events allow for a new area of investigation, for example, experiments did not always require informed consent, which can be seen through the Tuskegee experiments and Mengele's experiments in WWII
Human Sciences Knowledge Framework
Sources
"Knowledge Questions." Theory of Knowledge Dot Net. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.theoryofknowledge.net%2Fareas-of-knowledge%2Fthe-human-sciences%2Freal-life-situations-and-kqs-for-the-human-sciences%2F>.

Psychology Packets from Ms. Rhodes class
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