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Transcript of Plastic Surgery
by Audrey Hickey
Why is this a moral issue???
Plastic Surgery started in ancient Egypt
Egyptians would use it while mummifying to help preserve facial features like the nose and cheeks by stuffing seeds and cloth under the skin
They would also fill or take out the stomach.
I personally believe people should be free to use plastic surgery for both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. I don't think cosmetic surgery is necessary but if it makes them happy then they should go ahead with the procedure! It's your body and no one should stop you from doing what you want with it. With that said, the patient should be warned of the health concerns of the surgery.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons. “The History of Plastic Surgery, ASPS and PSEF.” Accessed: July 20, 2008.
Backstein R, and A. Hinkek. 2005. “War and Medicine: The Origins of Plastic Surgery.” University Toronto Medical Journal. 3:217-219.
DiBacco, Thomas. Dec 13, 1994. “Plastic Surgeries Earliest Cases Date to Ancient Egypt, India.” Washington Post. Accessed: July 20, 2008.
Haiken, Elizabeth. 1997. Venus Envy: A History of Cosmetic Surgery. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.
Gilman, Sander L. 1999. Making the Body Beautiful: A Cultural History of Aesthetic Surgery. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Springen, Karen. April 15, 2008. “Mommy 2.0.” NewsWeek.com. Accessed: July 20, 2008.
Ancient India used plastic surgery to repair noses or ears lost for punishment for crimes or in war.
They used the “attached flap” method of plastic surgery.
This method became known as the “Indian Method of Rhinoplasty”
Public Roman baths could have prompted this
It was a culture that praised the beauty of the naked body in art
Circumcision was one of the more popular procedures
breast reduction for obese men was also common
Roman surgeons also removed scars from battle
They would operate on noses and ears of gladiators
After the fall of Rome, most plastic surgery medical books were destroyed
Surgery in general was considered Pagan or sinful
Rhinoplasty became more common
For Taglioacozzi, plastic surgery was one way humankind seeks improvement of self, both physically and emotionally
Head, neck, and facial injuries were more common
Harold Delf Gilles established the first hospital devoted to reconstructive plastic surgery
Entire limbs, extensive skin grafts, microsurgery, antibodies, silicon breast implants, as well as increased knowledge about tissue health
no standard criteria
American Association of Plastic Surgeons was formed (now American Society of Plastic Surgeons)
1990s to Now
Silicon Breast implants still available for cancer patients
FDA took them off the market
Plastic surgery still continues to grow
Reconstructive surgery is covered by insurance
Our culture has become more comfortable with plastic surgery
People tend to go overboard
It changes the definition of beauty
It's too commercialized
There is no psychological benefit
It is used for reconstructive surgeries
Can alleviate mental illnesses
It is freedom of expression
What Catholics think...
"Plastic surgery would seem to be warranted if it would provide a significant therapeutic benefit in some regard, either physical (e.g., reconstructive surgery to restore function or utility in cases of accident or birth defect) or psychological. This is provided that the procedure does not damage some other equal or greater good and provided that it is not intrinsically immoral."
How will this issue be resolved in our society?
I believe it will be resolved when models are not photo shopped, the definition of beauty is changed, and when people start to love themselves for who they are.
Plastic surgery- a branch of surgery concerned with the repair, restoration, or improvement of lost, injured, defective, or misshapen parts of the body chiefly by transfer of tissue; also : an operation performed for such a purpose
Eyebrow/Forehead Rejuvenation (Brow Lift)
Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)
Neck Lift and Neck Liposuction
Laser Hair Removal
Otoplasty (Alterations of the Ears)
Rhinoplasty (Alterations of the Nose)
Skin Problems (Blemishes, Spider Veins, Scar Revisions, Tattoo Removal)
Abdomen Reduction (Tummy Tuck)
Buttock Lift (Belt Lipectomy)
Circumferential Body Lift
Inner Thigh Lift
Laser Hair Removal
Types of Plastic Surgery:
Types of Reconstructive Surgery:
Breast reconstruction after cancer
Cleft lip and palate repairs
Head and neck reconstruction after cancer
Repair of postoperative defects
Repair of post-traumatic defects
Removal and reconstruction for skin cancer
It's dangerous, addictive and sometimes deadly
We're all created in God's image
We were created uniquely; not made to look like anyone else
We should not "play God"
Vanity should not be the motivation
"...God arranged the organs in the body, each one of them, as he choose... On the contrary, the parts of the body which seem to be weaker are indispensable, and those parts of the body which we think less honorable we invest with the greater honor , and our unrepresentable parts are treated with greater modesty, which our more presentable parts do not require. But God has so composed the body, giving the greater honor to the inferior part, that there may be no discord in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another"
1 Cor 12:18
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
In whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord.