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ch 15 Global Commerce1450–1750
Transcript of ch 15 Global Commerce1450–1750
1450–1750 more important than spices what was the world historical importance of the silver trade? Commerce and Empire: The two forces that drove globalization between 1450-1750! What drove European involvement in the world of Asian commerce? desire for spices
more effective governing
population growing again
more capitalist economy
cities becoming international trade centers
payment in gold/silver
seeking direct access to gold/silver supply To what extent did the Portuguese realize their own goals in the Indian Ocean? trading post empire created
controlled 1/2 spice trade
steep decline by 1600 How did the Portuguese, Spanish,
Dutch and British initiatives in Asia
differ from one another? THE SPANISH
established colonial rule over the Phillipines, converting natives to Christianity
ruled islands directly
large landed estates owned by Spanish settlers THE DUTCH
private trading company
seized control of Spice Islands To what extent did the British & Dutch trading compamnies change the societies they encountered in Asia? Dutch
much bloodshed British
established 3 major trading settlements in India
specialized in Indian textiles The Case of Japan
initially welcomed Europeans
increasingly regarded them as threat!
CLOSED to Europe from 1650-1850. Chinese taxes paid in silver "silver went round the world and made the world go round!" Value of silver skyrocketed! Pacific Commerce
~from Acapulco to Manilla~ Potosí
This colonial-era painting shows the enormously rich silver mines of Potosí, then a major global source of the precious metal and the largest city in the Americas. Brutally hard work and poisonous exposure to mercury, which was used in the refining process, led to the deaths of many thousands of workers, even as the silver itself contributed to European splendor in the early modern era. (Courtesy, The Hispanic Society of America) Spain lost its dominance when the value of silver fell. Japanese government profited more from silver than Spain did.
worked with merchant class to develop market based economy.
invested in agriculture and industry... THIS IS A BIG DEAL BECAUSE...
this laid the foundation of the Industrial Revolution in Japan!!! China
silver commercialized the economy
more regional specialties in essense, Europeans were
middle men in world trade! and Asian commodities took market share from European products! Describe the impact of the fur trade on North American native societies. many animals nearly extinct
trading with Indians
dependent on Europeans
alcohol How did the North American and Siberian fur trades differ from each other? What did they have in common? Fur and the Russians
This colored engraving shows a sixteenth-century Russian ambassador and his contingent arriving at the court of the Holy Roman Emperor and bearing gifts of animal pelts, the richest fruit of the expanding Russian Empire. (RIA Novosti) similar to Native Americans
private competition Commerce in People: The Atlantic Slave Trade The Middle Passage
This mid-nineteenth-century painting of slaves held below deck on a Spanish slave ship illustrates the horrendous conditions of the transatlantic voyage, a journey experienced by many millions of captured Africans. (The Art Archive) What was distinctive about the Atlantic slave trade? What did it share with other patterns of slave owning and slave trading? What explains the rise of the Atlantic slave trade? What roles did Europeans and Africans play in the unfolding of the Atlantic slave trade? In what different ways did the Atlantic slave trade transform African societies? sugar
Africa became ideal! size of the traffic
dehumanized European demand
capture/sale in African hands
POS and on - in Euro hands Africa - part of Atlantic world
slowed African population growth
political disruption! Globalization was happening - just slower!
-ties to empire building and slavery!