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ASL Classifiers

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by

Minerva Munoz

on 5 September 2010

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Transcript of ASL Classifiers

ASL Classifiers What are classifiers? Classifiers are a morphological unit of ASL. (morphology = a unit of meaning in a language, like words or intonation in English) Classifiers represent nouns and their function. They provide more information than pronouns in English. (She, it, him, etc) Since ASL is a visual/spatial language, classifiers include information, description, arrangement and function of the object. 8 Types of morphological classifiers Size and shape specifiers
Semantic Classifiers
Body Part Classifiers
Tool and Instrument Classifiers
Body Classifiers
Element Classifiers
Plural Classifiers
Locative Classifiers Size and Shape Specifiers (SASS)
Also known as Descriptive classifiers (DCL) They are portrayed as adjectives describing nouns such as big, small, narrow, wide, thick, thin, wide, long, short, flat, round, etc. DCL: LL = flat, round DCL: G = thin Think of a thin crust pizza or dust on a shelf Semantic Classifiers are more abstract handshapes that represent a characteristic of the object. These classifiers serve one of 3 functions
a pronoun of a stated noun
a verb incorporated pronoun
a locative of a stated pronoun SCL: 3 SCL: 1 Body Part classifiers describe location and of the part such as limbs, eye movement, ears, hair, etc. Dog Ears
BCL: BB BCL: 11
Person Standing, running BCL: FF
eye movement Tool classifiers act as verbs, as in how to operate the tool. Intrument classifiers ser as nouns, as in how the noun works. Instrument and tool classifiers differ in 3 ways:
tool = signed with slow, long, repetative movements (hammering)
instrument = signed with fast, more repetative movements (hammer)
tool classifiers often signed with facial grammar Body classifiers use visual/gestural communication as well as facial grammar and/or the signer's body to describe the actions or tendencies of a person.

A signer may use body classifiers to describe how a baseball player pitches or how a person walks. Element classifiers are used to describe things that do not have a definite size and shape. They tend to be in constant motion, such as the elements of the earth: fire, water, wind, air, and light.

ECL:4 "a running faucet"
ECL:5wg "a candle flame"
ECL:1 (zig zag) "a flash of lightning"
ECL:flat O----->spread C "twinkling lights" Plural classifiers can indicate a specific number or a non specific number.

PCL: 2 = two people walking
PCL: 4 = a line of people
PCL: v = people seated in a circle Locative classifiers are used to show placement or spatial information about an object. They can sometimes show movement as well.


LCL:C /LCL:B = place a cup on a napkin
LCL:5 = leaf falling to the ground
LCL:LL = adjusting a picture frame THE MOST IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER:
ALWAYS INTRODUCE AN OBJECT AS A TOPIC BEFORE USING A CLASSIFIER!!!!!!!

A CLASSIFIER DOES NOT TELL US WHAT THE OBJECT IS.
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