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Murray Darling Basin

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Toby Lane

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Murray Darling Basin

What is the Murray Darling Basin
Where Does it Begin and end?
The Murray Darling Basin begins at Southern Alps of NSW and Victoria, and flows in a westerly direction for over 2,500 kilometers to its outlet near Goolwa on the South Australian coast
Where is it located
The Murray-Darling Basin is located in the south-east of Australia
Where does it run through?
The Murray River flows between Mount Kosciusko Southern Alps and Goolva South Australia
History Of the MDB?
How does the Murray Darling Basin effect global environment?
What is the Murray Darling Basin used for?
What farming and recreating occur on the MDB?
well oveously they farm they crop plants water plants but with the water did you know that you actually have to have a special licence.
What impact have people had on its enviroment?
Human activities and their consequences continue to pose threats to the Basin's natural environment. Damage to the Basin's land also impacts on the quality of water in the rivers.
Why is it important?
The Murray Darling Basin is important because the animals if there was no animals the animals could be extict. it is also a good place to breed.
By Toby
Murray Darling Basin
Flora and Fauna
Two men in a Tinnie

Two men in a tinnie is Documentary that teaches you about the Murray Darling Basin From the Flora and fauna to the history and to the. They go on a journey down the Murray Darling Basin On the fractured log of the bismark. I have got a lot of information on this Documentary
2 Men in a Tinnie Narrative Episode 2
I’m on a 5 000 km journey from the Darling River in Queensland to the Murray River in South Australia. I’m the first mate, John Doyle and the skipper is Tim Flannery on this voyage in the Bismarck – we call it the fractured log of the Bismarck. This really is the tale of people downstream accusing people upstream of nicking all the water.
We travel through shallow water, but we are at the end of a drought, barren river and become stuck. This is really no problem for the mighty flat-bottomed Bismarck. Leaving the water at Louth we follow in the footsteps of Henry Lawson who had walked from Bourke to be a roustabout. We then pass through a landscape of memories to an old homestead showing an age gone by. The country is now reduced to a moonscape through rabbits and drought. Nothing is left.
The Darling is like a muddy gutter. The downriver people and the upriver people never really understand each other. The real issue is the right quantity of water. We pause in our travels to drift along. Tim is laying back relaxing and doing a bit of fishing. I like birds, especially the butcher bird that is a boofy headed part of nature with a fascinating song. I whistle a little tune to demonstrate – it’s all part of my relaxation!
A weir with only a small flow of water stops our Bismarck adventure so we head across the river on foot to talk to residents of Wilcannia about the water problems. They say that it is a place that isn’t going anywhere and has nowhere to go since the river has gone. Kids can’t swim in the river as it is not healthy. The locals say the town is dying.
We suddenly come across a lot of backed up water where some trees are ‘drowning’. The lakes irrigate the Murray Darling, but we think great quantities must evaporate. We talk to the engineer associated with the Minindi Dam who tells us that the dam holds 2 million mega litres of water and 2.4 metres of water evaporates per year. The irrigators see this as a waste.
We travel further to Broken Hill. There has been so little water release that this city is now a vast wasteland with no water. Houses that were once waterfront, now front sand dunes. Walking through the landscape, Tim points out a fossil which I dig for. It shows an ancient land and an ancient jaw of the largest kangaroo that ever lived 60-70 thousand years ago.
We listen to the ladies of the town talk – they are dirty on the people upstream. They say that drought is just the natural climate for Australia, but damming has made it worse. Cotton is the king these days since the price of wool fell through the floor. Perhaps there needs to be a National Plan created rather than a State Plan.

Two men in a tinnie
Two Men in a Tinnie
Tim and I are on the fractured log of the Bismarck. We are on the Darling River. We already have travelled 2000km heading towards the Murray River. Tim and I are travelling down the river because we are unhappy with the water levels and to see what the locals have to say and to investigate why.
We have been traveling for 22 Days now and where we are now there is bugger all water. The river is choking with all the weeds and the algae. Sheep have had a drink out of the toxic and sickening water and die.
Once again we are heading down the river of the fractured log of the Bismarck. But the boat didn’t like the conditions of the river. It was stuck. Suddenly the Bismarck broke free. We end up at a school on the Darling River. The town had a population of 80 and the school population was 16. We ask the kids if they knew the problems with the River and yes they did know the thing that was wrong with the River. The Darling River water is so low the salt level is 7 times amount then the Murray River.
Day 25 We are heading down the river on the fractured log of the Bismarck. We have reached the Murray River. Tim and I look at the river and it is not the muddy place it is known to be. Mate of Tim’s Peter Cullins he knew everything about both of the rivers the Murray, the Darling and the Basin. We have been on the river for 4 weeks and we still have 4 weeks to go. We have Found the first bridge in the Murray River built.
Day 30 and we still continue on the fractured log of the Bismarck. My Mate Tim put the boat on full speed because he can because there is a lot of water. We here lots of chirping birds on the shore of the Murray River. We go under the Hume Highway. We stop to see some things on the shore. I don’t know how but we got caught up learning to throw a spear.
Back out to the river on the fractured log of the Bismarck. We see some fisherman using a piece of wire to catch some fish. So we do some fishing but as I expected I caught know fish. So we go back out to the river and we see some more fishermen but they were fishing a different way. They were using an electric back pack to catch fish. It is more likely to catch a carb then a cod.
The Murray Darling basin is the longest water system but has the least water flow in the world.


Murray Darling Basin is massive basin that combines the Murray and the Darling Rivers. I will talk about the history, the flora and fauna, about the Murray Darling Basin and more.
When was it discovered?
The rivers and basin was first discovered by European explorers Hamilton H. Hume and William H. Hovell in 1824. It wasn't until five years later, however, that Charles Sturt navigated down the Murrumbidgee to encounter the Murray and named it after Sir George Murray, when his exploration party encountered the Darling connection.
What is the indigenous connection?
The Murray–Darling river system has been of extreme importance to Aboriginal people for tens of thousands of years. There are at least 10,000 known Aboriginal sites in the Basin, indicating the deep physical, economic and spiritual dependence of Aboriginal people on the Basin's rivers, creeks, lakes and wetlands and other resources. The rivers and flood plains are of particular importance to the traditional cultural beliefs and practices of Aboriginal Nations. Today there are over 40 Aboriginal Nations in the Murray-Darling Basin.
When did the European settlement occur?
The European settlement occurred in 1824
How did the MDB come to be?
everything has put a part to the Murray darling basin like if there were know animals in the Murray darling basin we wouldn't have the basin.
Book Review
Two men in a tinnie is a great Documentary about the Murray Darling Basin. The Murray Darling Basin is a massive river that goes from Queensland to down to NSW and down to South Australia. Basin connects the Murray River the Darling River and the Murrumbidgee river. People down stream say that the people up stream are nicking all the water. The Murray Darling Basin has not had a flood for seven years (Documentary made in 2006).

I recommend this Documentary to people that want to learn about the Murray Darling Basin.

How was the flora changed in the MBD?
The flora was not changed a lot in the Murray Darling Basin because there has not been a lot of planting
How as the fauna changed in the MBD?
The fauna was not changed a lot in the Murray Darling Basin because there has not been a lot of breeding with the animals. Unfortunately, 20 species of mammals have already become extinct.
What flora and fauna is in the MDB?
There a lot of flora and fauna on the Murray Darling Basin. There are 98 species of waterbirds, 53 species of native frogs, 46 species of snake, 100 lizard species, 3 species of freshwater turtle, 124 families of macro invertebrates, at least 46 different species of native fish, at least 35 endangered species of birds and 16 endangered species of mammals.
How is the global environment effected?

The breeding of animals. So for example if there were know animals in the Murray darling basin there might be know animals in other places.
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Significance of the Murray Darling Basin?

The significance of the Murray Darling Basin is the water. Everyone wants to live in the Basin because of the water.
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