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The 7 Continents

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Yoo Jung Ha

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of The 7 Continents

Prehistory & Early Civilizations
Prehistory
"before history" or "before knowledge acquired by investigation"
The Stone Age
Characterized by the creation and use of stone tools.
The Bronze Age
Characterized by the introduction of metals into human society.
The Stone Age continued
Characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel.
Pangaea
" super continent"
All of earth's landmasses were together creating one land mass that covered nearly one-third of earth's surface.
Proposed by German meteorologist Alfred Wegener
The continental drift was a theory.
South America
Major Mountain: Andes
Major Desert: Patagonian
Major Peninsula: La Guajira
Antarctica
Major Mountain: Vinson Massif
Major Desert: Antarctic
Major Peninsula: Antarctic
Africa
Australia
Major Mountain: Carstensz Pyramid
Major Desert: Great Victoria
Major Peninsula: Yorke Mornington
Asia
Major Mountain: Himalayas
Major Desert: Gobi
Major Peninsula: Arabian
The 7 Continents
ED 353 Elementary Social Studies Methods
September 08, 2014
Luella Orlando
Yoo Jung Ha
Merlyn Pama
Europe
Major Mountain: Ural
Major Desert: None
Major Peninsula: Iberian
Number of countries: 48
North America
Major Mountain: Rocky Mountain
Major Desert: Great Basin
Major Peninsula: Baja California
Number of countries: 23
The Iron Age
Classical Civilizations
Greece
Classical Greece was a period from the Persian wars and the rise of Alexander the Great.
Rome
Expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
Persia
The Achaemenid Empire: 550-522 BCE
- The rise of Perisa
-Cyrus the Great
Darius I "the great": 522-486 BCE
- Consolidation of the Persian Empire
Decline and fall of Persia: 464-330 BCE
- After the death of Xerxes
India
The emphasis of Classic India shifted to religion and social structure.
This classic period saw the rebirth of urban civilization along with literature culture and religious activity.
The birth of two new religions:
- Jainism
- Buddhism

Two empires:
1. The Mauryan Empire (322-185 BC)
2. The Gupta Empire/Period
The Verdic Age
China
Classical China focused on politics and philosophical values.
Daoism
refers to a variety of related philosophical and religious traditions and concepts.
Confucianism
is an ancient Chinese ethical and philosophical system.

Three Dynasties:
1. The Zhou Dynasty (1027 -221 BC)
2. The Qin Dynasty (221 BC-207 BC)
3. The Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220)
Egypt
Mayan
Focused on education in astronomy and mathematics
Designed an elaborate written language system
Developed programs that influenced architecture and art
Inca
Contributed to the design of artistic pottery and clothing
Developed metallurgy
Promoted architecture
Designed irrigation, roads, and agricultural systems
Organized a supreme military structure
Mongolian
Lived in Asia but not in one spot (lived in tents)
Developed a strong military system
Aztec
Agricultural based
Skilled craftsmen
Elaborated calendar and writing system
Religion central to civilization
Oceania
Melanesia

Polynesia

Micronesia
Non-European Civilizations
A time before recorded history or the invention of writing systems
Rise & Expansion of Europe
Centralization of Government
European nations set up Colonial Models in the New World- Absolute Monarch & Constitutionalism

European nations who followed absolute monarchy set up controlling bureaucracies to the natives; helped in the religious conversion of natives
European Colonization
Successful trade and conquests
Since the time human-like beings appeared on earth
Human prehistory is broken down into 3 age systems and time periods:
1. Stone Age
2. Bronze Age
3. Iron Age
The Stone Age is divided into three separate periods.
1. Paleolithic Period
2. Mesolithic Period
3. Neolithic Period
1. Paleolithic Period:
600,000 - 700,000 years ago
- Food gatherers
- Neanderthals existed living between 40,000 and 100,000 years ago
- Evolution of human species from ape like to true homo sapiens such as cr0-Magnon man and Grimaldi man.
Exploration, Trade, & colonization in period 1200-1750
Exploration
1265
- Marco Polo begins exploration of China and Asia
1400
-Prince Henry sponsored exploration (Portuguese)
1405
- Chinese voyage of Zheng He (Chinese)
1488
- Bartolomeu Diaz sailed around the Cape of Good Hope, Southern tip of Africa (Portuguese)
1498
- Vasco da Gama sails around the Cape of Good Hope in Africa and reaches India (Portuguese)
1492
- The discovery of America by Christopher Columbus (Spanish)







Exploration cont.
Colonization
Technological
Innovations & Adaptations
that shaped the world societies

Printing Press
Compass
Paper Currency
Telegraph
Medicine
Russian Revolution
(1917)
Centered and revolved around two events: February Revolution and the October Revolution.
The Great depression ( 1929 - 1939)
An economic depression
The whole world was affected!
The stock market crashed on October 27, 1929.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
Hitler's army crosses the Polish border on September 1, 1939.
Pearl Harbor (Japan vs. Philippines. U.S Joins)
January 1, 1942-Declaration by United Nations was signed.
The Cold War (1945-1980)
Fun Facts: Did you know?

1912,the “unsinkable” Titanic hit an iceberg and people got their first taste of an oreo cookie

In the 1920s, a time of short skirts, the Charleston dance, and jazz music. An amazing number of cultural firsts, including the first talking film and the first Micky mouse cartoon.

In the 1930’s, the disappearance of Amelia Earhart occurred and the murderous crime spree of Bonnie and Clyde.
In the 1940’s, the very first McDonalds opens

1953, first playboy magazine
1967, first superbowl
1970, the Beetles break up
1987, was when DNA was first used to identify criminals
Developments
& Transformations
Adolf Hitler and his Nazis on the rise (1930s)
Following the aftermath of WWI.
During the time of economic struggle, the Nazis formed.
The depression killed the German democracy and opened the door for Hitler.
The Holocaust (1940s)
The Vietnam War
(November 1, 1955-April 30, 1975
Communist regime of North Vietnam and its southern allies known as the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
More than 3 million people, including 58,000 Americans were killed in the conflict.
Longest war in United States history led by the Truman administration.
The north desired Vietnam to unite under a single communist government like the Soviets and China while the south Vietnam government wanted to fight to preserve a Vietnam closely aligned with the west.
World War I
(July 28, 1914- November 18, 1918)
"The Great War"
Allies (Russia, France, Britain) vs. Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey)
2. Mesolithic Period
: 10, 000 BC - 4500 BC
- Began at the end of the last glacial period
- Nomadic hunter gatherers.
- Culture is characterized by greater innovations and diversity

Strides in Women’s suffrage (1920s)
Woman granted the right to vote in the U.S.
Women fight for their rights to liberty, the pursuit of happiness, and a place in society.
Susan B. Anthony
3. Neolithic Period
:
- Focused on the domestication of plants and animals.
- An age of cultural evolution and technological development.
- Skilled farmers
- polish & grounded tools vs. flaked stoned tools
References:

http://www.kmkg-mrah.be/non-european-civilizations

http://www.historyhaven.com/APWH/unit2/UNIT%20II%20NOTES.htm

http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/11-innovations-that-changed-history

The stone age: International World history project
http://history-world.org/stone_age.htm

Ancient history encyclopedia:the bronze age
http://www.ancient.eu/Bronze_Age/

Ancient Greece
http://www.ancient-greece.org/history/classical.html

http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/classical-greece

Social Studies Praxis II: World History Study Guide
http://eagles.midway.edu/ted/Remediation/PraxisII/documents/SocialStudies/WorldHistory/World%20History.pdf

NasshenSSPraxis12
https://sites.google.com/site/nashennsspraxis12/home

FC15: The Persian Empire
http://www.flowofhistory.com/units/pre/2/FC15

The history guide: Lecture on ancient and medieval European history
http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/lecture3b.html

History
www.history.com

National Geographic
www.nationalgeographic.com

A highly evolved civilization
The earliest of written scripts
The Sumerians were the oldest and best known among the Bronze Age civilization in Mesopotamia where they invented the wheel, boats, and ships.
Copper and bone were the materials used to make tools and implements that humans began using.
When bronze was discovered, it was manufactured in large quantities because it was durable.
Discovery of the iron ended the Bronze Age.
Iron was mainly used for cutting tools and weapons.
The Iron Age is taken to begin in the 12th century BCE in the ancient near East, ancient Iran, ancient India, and ancient Greece.
A civilization that was technologically advanced.
Major Mountain: Kilimanjaro
Major Desert: Kalahari
Major Peninsula: Somali
An era of war and conflict as well as political and cultural achievement.
Two major wars:
1. The Greeks and the Persians
2. The Athenians and the Spartans

The Hellinistic World
Introduced Herodotus, Hippocrates, Socrates,
Introduced the political reform: demokratia or "rule of the people".
Rome dominated north, south, and eastern Europe, north Africa, and Asia minor.
The Roman Republic: Julius Ceasar

Four Dynasties:
Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Flavian Dynasty
Nerva-Antonine Dynasty
Severan Dynasty

Fall of the Roman Empire
Early Egypt was divided into two kingdoms:
1. Lower Egypt (Nile Delta)
2. Upper Egypt (Nile Valley)

Egypt went through seven periods in which 31 dynasty rulers ruled Egypt.
- Archaic Period (c.3100-2686 BC)
- Old Kingdom: Age of the pyramid builders (c. 2686-2181 BC)
- Intermediate Period (c. 2181-2055 BC)
- Middle Kingdom: 12th dynasty (c.2055-1786BC)
- 2nd Intermediate Period: (c.1786-1567BC)
- New Kingdom: (c.1567-1085 BC)
-3rd Intermediate Period: (c.1085-6643 BC)

Transformations of Classical Civilization
Invasions
Empires fell and declined, society weakened, and population decreased.
Powers of the government corrupted and the central government weakened.
Empires became financially weak and regions remained separated making it easier for invasions.
Others remained strong and dominant in power to conquer other lands.
Trade
The Mediterranean trade routes fell out of the Roman hands.
Trade facilitated the spread of technologies.
The spread of Ideas occurred.
Countries became connected with the trading of lessproccessed goods.

Religion
Buddhism and its influence declined while Hinduism gained ground in India.
Buddhism spread and flourished in China (Asia).
Christianity became widespread when the Roman Empire began to fall apart.
Islam spreads to India, China, Africa, Southeast China, and Southern Europe.
Judaism spreads and becomes dominant in Israel, Europe, and USA.
World War II (1939 - 1945)
1501
- Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of South America (Spanish)
1519
- Ferdinand Magellan is the first to go around the world (Portuguese)
1607
- Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown (England)
1609
- Henry Hudson explores parts of the Arctic Ocean and northeast of North America (England)
1642
-Abel Tasman explores Tasmania and New Zealand (Dutch)
Reason's for colonization: Economic, Humanitarian, Prestige and Strategic

Main Colonizers: Portugal, Spain, Dutch, France
Europeans made their fortunes from trade and conquest, both of which were accomplished through the help of ancient technological inventions (most of which adapted from other cultures), such as Guns & gunpowder, new ship technology, the compass or cartography
A genocide of 6 million European Jews
Occurred during the WWII as part of the Nazi army.
Genocide included other individuals who were gypsies, religious descendents, homosexuals, soviets, individuals with disabilities, etc.
The term is used to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union that occurred after WWII.
The tension between Joseph Stalin and President Truman where distrust occurred.
The soviets had the big armies and the U.S had all the powerful weapons (the atomic bombs).
Not knowing what the other's plan was and how they would execute them, but knew they were not afraid to be powerful.
Trade Routes
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