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Road to the Civil War
Transcript of Road to the Civil War
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States are referred to as, The Bill of Rights. The small U.S. government soon after making the constitution realized that they left out 10 things in the Constitution, so James Madison proposed to make another document, soon to be called as, ¨The bill of rights¨.
The Cotton ¨Gin¨
The U.S. was split into 2 sections; The Northern, and The Southern. The Northern section had workers,who they paid, and then the shops had money, and the Northern economy grew. Meanwhile, The Southern economy believed in slavery, so they wouldn't pay their slaves. Then, the shops didn´t have enough money, so the Southern economy shrunk.
The Louisiana Purchase
In 1803 Spain signed a secret treaty with France to exchange the Louisiana Territory. The U.S. heard about this exchange, and proposed a offer to buy a small part of the Louisiana Territory, and France DENIED. The U.S. government thought about this, and came to a decision that they would propose another offer to but the WHOLE territory for $15 million ($233 million today) in gold. Frace accepted this offer. Some people call this the ¨Greatest Real Estate Deal in the History of the U.S.¨
Lewis & Clark Expedition
The War of 1812
The Star Spangled Banner
The Missouri Compromise
The country was split into two sections. The north where slavery was forbidden and the south, where slavery wasn't forbidden. Missouri had finally boiled over for the request to be a slave state, but if Missouri was a slave state it would mess up the delicate balance between the slaves states and the free states. So congress let Missouri be a slave state if Maine was a free state. It worked out and it drew an imaginary line that seperated slave and free states across Louisiana territory
The Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine set a rule that we would not mess with the european colonies nor meddle with the european concerns. Before Monroe Doctrine was here, we had fights with the european and Monroe Doctrine stopped us and made the rule that we would not mess with the european and they would not mess with us.
Construction of the Erie Canal
Road to the Civil War
By Melissa Duffy, Tess Ernster, & Ryley Gorence
Meriwether Lewis was originally the one who was chosen for the journey but, William Clark was great friends with Lewis, so he went with him. On their journey they achieved; making the 1st accurate map, Documented plants and animals, 1st Americans to cross the continental divide, and found that they can't travel by river the whole way.
There was a series of events leading up to the war of 1812; there was the Embargo Act where U.S. sailors were secretly trading goods to other countries, there were British Soldiers who were kidnapping U.S sailors, The war at Sea which was the U.S. constitution and the HMS Guerrie from great Britain, The Battle of Lake Erie the United States remained victorious, The Burning Of Washington D.C. where British Troops were informed to destroy everything leading up to Washington D.C., and The Battle of Baltimore became the inspiration for the star spangled banner, there was the Star Spangled Banner where Francis Scott Key was held captive onboard an enemy ship until the end of the battle and wrote a poem to describe what he saw, There was the Treaty of Ghent the war with Brittian came to a close with the signing of the peace treaty in Ghent, Belgium, The Battle of New Oreleans Proved in consequential had already ended with the signing of the peace treaty in Ghent, Results of the war of 1812 British agreed to respect the borders of the U.S. and we gained self confidence in our country.
Indian Removal Act
Texas Declares Independance from The Alamo
The Trail of Tears
People called the Erie Canal "Clintons big ditch." He was the one who sent men out and who helped pay for people -and supplies- to dig this. It took about eight years to finish the construction of the canal. More than 1,000 lives lost in the makeing of the Canal. The Erie Canal connects from Lake Erie to the Hudson River. When the Erie canal was finished, it was 300 miles long and to the side of it was a road for mule's to pull the boat along sonce there was no current. Many goods were shipped back and forth and it made the cities grow three times larger than there original size
The Indian Removal Act passed congress during presidency of Andrew Jackson. The law said Jackson was supposed to negotiate with the southern Indian tribes for their removal to the territory west, in exchange for their homelands. Jackson believed moving the indians west, would give the americans more land and would protect the indians from destruction. The indians had a peace treaty with the white settlers so they went to the supreme court to deal with the matters of the indians moving west
Texas declared independance on Mexico because they no longer wanted to be controlled by the mexicans. They thought they belonged with America (which they do), but Mexico didn't like the idea of America having Texas instead of Mexico. So Texas kept on fighting with Mexico, truly thinking that they belong with America.
Andrew Jackson had a indian removal policy act. This forced the Cherokee nation to give up their land. They were forced to migrate to what is now Oklahoma, the indians called this "The Trail of Tears." the reason it was named this is because more than 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokee Indians died. They were forced to experience; starvation, disease, beatings ect. Before the trail even started, many of the Cherokee Indians died because they were put in concentration camps before the trail.
Manifest Destiny is a belief many Americans believe; they had a "god given" right to expand West. Their journey gave them more power and a bigger country, but they made others suffer just so they could expand West. Not only that, but they made themselves a bigger target for other countries to attack.
Women's Rights Convention
Gold Discovered California Statehood
Texas wanted to be with the country of America and some other states. Mexico obviously didn't agree with this and declared war against America and the states that wanted to leave. So a war started and it was called the Mexican war or the invasion of Mexico.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act started when Stephen A. Douglas decided that the Kansas Nebraska Territory needed to be split into states to make a transcontinental railroad to go through his home state, Illinois. If Nebraska and Kansas became states they would have to be Free states because the Missouri Compromise states that all states north of the line had to become free. The Missouri Compromise was then broken when Douglas wanted the white men to vote whether to make the states free or slaved. When the voting happened to determine if the states were free or slaved people from Canada and other Free States came to vote as well, and this is when border patrol was brought in, some say that this is where the real war started because there was so much violence going.
The Gold Rush began when James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California on January 24, 1848. The Gold Rush made a huge impact on California, The population exploded, jobs for more people opened up, people had great successes, and people opened up hotels to house more residents. The Gold Rush basically invented California, it put California on the map. It also made a not so good impact. There was a lot of mistreatment of laborers, very little gold finders, and chemicals used for mining killed fish in the water. It transformed how California looked, caused many deaths, created lots of disorder, and instigated many streetfights/guns.
The first Womans Rights Convention, July 19–20, 1848, was in Seneca Falls where they discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman. Some of those present were:
*Elizabeth Cady Stanton, tireless worker for Womans rights
*Fredrick Douglas, founded the newspaper The North Star in 1847
*Lucretia Coffin Mott, an outspoken opponent of slavery