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Research Proposal: Housing Security
Transcript of Research Proposal: Housing Security
For residents who are able to secure space in subsidized housing, as Bruin and Cook (1997) discuss, there are an incredibly complex array of factors that can influence resident satisfaction. Reasons such as poor location, problematic neighbours, or inadequate maintenance can motivate residents to try to move out of supportive housing into market-rent housing. & Rationale Objective Social Location & Positionality Knowledge Production Literature Review Paradigm(s) Theoretical Frameworks Research Question Method of Inquiry Sources of Information Sampling Techniques Phenomenological Interviews Dissemination Strategy Ethical Considerations Ethical Consideration #1 Ethical Consideration #2 Ethical Consideration #3
Shugunan Sathiyaseelan Emily McCay Simona Babiak Leslie Shafran Paula Scarangella Lacia Samuels Jason Richmond References To gain an understanding of isolation experienced by those adjusting from supportive housing to independent, market rent housing and how this phenomenon is understood. Purpose Research Rationale to identify the gaps in service and support that are occurring in regards to the experiences of individuals who are in the process of transitioning from supportive housing to market rent individual housing. to also determine ways in which this process can be positively altered by discussing potential strategies for social, medical, and mental health support after entering or re-entering a market rent
to get real life examples of the problems and oppressions that they encounter in order to determine what the gaps and problems are surrounding housing transition. Objective #1: to use our privilege to help enact positive change with regards to enabling a more smooth transition for individuals moving from supportive housing into market rent independent housing. We hope to do this by becoming aware of the concrete issues, needs and means of action that are brainstormed by individuals directly involved in this transition process. to engage with individuals who are currently in the process of transitioning from supportive housing to independent housing, as well as individuals who have recently engaged in this process. Objective #2: Objective #3: Purpose #1: Purpose #2 Phenomenology Phenomenology is most appropriate for this study as we are seeking to identify shared experiences and common themes of people in this transition. Primary: Secondary: interviewing people living this experience Toronto Community Housing corp. Federal and provincial government documents Rent Banks The Housing Act Peer-reviewed journals 1. Criterion Sampling 2. Snowball Sampling Stage 1: Stage 2: Stage 3: "Focuses on past experiences with phenomenon of interest" "focus on present experiences" "Joins these two narratives to describe the individual's experiences with the phenomenon" Data Collection Method #1 Data Collection Method #2 Individual Interviews Group Interviews lend themselves to phenomenology because group conversations tend to bring out people's natural inclination to seek commonalities in their narratives allow us to hear people's narratives as they see them without the influence of others being interviewed simultaneously Data Collection Tools One on one and group semi-structured interviews will be conducted following the three stages of phenomenological interviewing using the following as a guide: Rooted in a Structural critical theory is: & Framework It Interrogates factors leading to the birth and perpetuation of a phenomena (The why and how) By taking a pragmatic stance, one can take transformative actions post-positivism has influenced phenomenological studies greatly. Through mixed methods, subjective-objective realities can be uncovered and investigated further. Creswell Our study aims to fill a gap that currently exists in the literature regarding supportive housing, the isolation that individuals feel when transitioning to market-rate housing. Currently, there is very little literature available on the subject of individual experiences of this transition.
Literature available on individual experiences and consumer evaluations of housing largely involve current and past residents of subsidized or supportive housing, and resident experiences within that system (Bruin & Cook, 1997; Garret et al., 2008; Goering et al., 1992). The literature does, however, help to illuminate the context within which residents of subsidized housing may be making the transition to market-rent housing. Available Literature: Neoliberal Agenda:
As a part of Neoliberal political trends in multiple developed countries in the 1990s, many national governments, including the United States, New Zealand and Canada attempted to move subsidized housing programs away from government-owned housing models, and towards alternative models (Alston, 1998; Husock, 2013; Mah & Hackworth, 2011). Subsidized Housing:
In Canada, responsibility for subsidized housing ultimate was downloaded to municipalities as a part of the federal deficit-reduction strategy in 1993. Strategies being used by Canadian cities including, Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal include trying to change zoning laws so that developers are motivated to include more affordable housing units within new developments. However, due to laws in this area, these programs are largely incentive-based, and not very effective, especially in Toronto. Municipalities have been forced to look to other means of providing affordable housing, as city-owned properties are becoming too difficult and expensive to maintain and repair. Demand also greatly exceeds supply (Mah & Hackworth, 2011). The motivation for selecting this study came from a combined interest in supporting the homeless population and understanding issues of housing for individuals in the transitional process. Each of us has had a desire to eventually work with this population. We are each interested to see how a study surrounding experiences of isolation would shed light on how structural factors can be adjusted to make change.
In addition, two of our group members are doing their placements with populations that are marginally housed or homeless, which gave us the ultimate inspiration to choose this topic. The knowledge some of our group members have gained through placement has illuminated noticeable gaps and needless waste in service delivery. This gave us motivation and curiosity to observe the findings together in order to determine a more universal understanding of issues surrounding transition. The majority of our group members come from a place of privilege and have not experienced housing insecurity. However, there are also members of our group who have struggled and experienced housing insecurity, which can be a source of shared experience and perspective with the participants in our sample. Individuals currently living in situations of housing privilege have developed this knowledge, however, it is directly coming from the voices of individuals with direct experience living in situations of precarious housing. Based on the fact that we have acknowledged our differing degrees of privilege, we are making every effort to commit to AOP practice principles; however, we are aware that we are interpreting other people’s experiences. We seek to examine the phenomena of isolation and the implications this has on shelter, support and housing initiatives. With housing being the main goal of these initiatives in the city of Toronto, gaining housing is seen as more significant while working to maintain housing is forgotten. A gap has been determined in service delivery, which greatly affects likelihood of a person leaving supportive housing. This gap not only destines some people to be eternally placed in precarious housing situations, but also needlessly uses funds which could be but to use providing support with maintaining housing. Using a phenomenological design, we seek to gain an understanding of the experience of those who have experienced isolation and have lost housing as a result. Through snowball and criterion sampling, we seek to collaboratively gain an understanding the experiences of 50-100 people with isolation in order to better approaches and interventions to those who are in situations of unstable housing. Abstract
status of researchers Applying anti-oppressive
in a meaningful way (Connelly & Clandinin, 1990; Creswell, 2013; Elliott, 2005; Marshall & Rossman, 2006) “Faulty connections can weaken the community. Anything that restricts that access to a needed resource represents a faulty connection (Parada, 2010).” Parada, H. (2010). Understanding community change.Promoting community change: Making it happen in the real world, 47-67. “non-compliance is implicitly seen as transgression, willful disobedience, rather than as assertion of autonomy and a clear communication from the consumer about his/her dissatisfaction (Scheyett, 2008).” Carey, 2012; Connelly & Clandinin, 1990; Cresswell, 2013; Marshall & Rossman, 2006 Scheyett, A. (2008). Silence and surveillance. Journal of progressive human services, 17(1), 71-92. doi: 10.1300/J059v17n01_05 Alston, A. (1998). “Subsidized housing in New Zealand.” Alternative Law Journal, 23, 238-242 Bruin, M.J. & Cook, C. C. (1997). “Understanding constraints and residential satisfaction among low-income single-parent families.” Environment and Behaviour, 29(4), 532-553. Carey, M. (2012). Qualitative research skills for social work: Theory and practice Connelly, F. M., & Clandinin, D. J. (1990). Stories of experience and narrative inquiry. Educational Researcher, 19(5), 2-14. doi: 10.3102/0013189X019005002 Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (so focus can remain on participant’s experience from this point on) (list should be non-repetitive and non-overlapping) Develop a list of significant statements (this is known as a textural description) (keep in mind structural factors) Creswell 193-194 Garret, S.B., Higa, D.H., Phares, M.M., Peterson, P.L., Wells, E.A. & Baer, J.S. (2008). “Homeless Youths’ perceptions of services and transitions to stable housing. Evaluation and Program Planning, 31, 436-444. Goering, P., Sylph, J., Foster, R., Boyles, S. & Babiak, T. (1992). “Supportive housing: A consumer evaluation study.” The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 38(2), 107-119. Husock, H. (2013). “Moving out of public housing.” Public Interest, 150, 89-100
Mah, J. & Hackworth, J. (2011). “Local politics and inclusionary housing in three large Canadian cities.” Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 20(1), 57-80. Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2006). Designing qualitative research When disseminating this information we need to keep in mind that interpretations are tentative. We must always apply our ethical safeguards to ensure we don't misrepresent information. We will also enure to limit our use of technical jargon to ensure the knowledge produced is universally accessible, particularly it must be accessible to those to whom the knowledge belongs: the study participants. Marshall & Rossman, 2011 Describe researchers personal experiences with the phenomenon Group significant statements into initial meaning units or "codes" Describe “what” the participants experiences in relation to this phenomenon. Describe “how” the experiences happened (be sure to capture the essence of the phenomena) Write a composite description
including the above information Isolate potential themes which may be found Preface: Analysis Possible Themes which may arise: Framework Resource Booklet (And online database) translated into multiple languages
booklets to be freely distributed at local and community agencies
booklet converted into website to create an accessible forum for discussion In order to: provide a forum for discussion and the dissemination of information to a diverse audience. Voices to be heard include: Community Forum community members implicated in transitional housing
metro hall policy makers
local and municipal stakeholders
training in community housing work Support Groups Support groups are appropriate because they not only provide an opportunity for data dissemination but also because they encourage subjects to critically engage with the data in a safe space. As well, such a forum may be used for strategizing ways in which the knowledge gained can be used to affect policy in a positive way. This could become a venue for those experiencing social isolation in housing transition to come together and build connections with each other while simultaneously learning about available resources in the community. Do you feel as though
phenomenological studies seek to
essentialize and rationalize individual experience? Discussion Creswell, 196 How can this be avoided? By validating findings with participants Creswell, 115 depression, anxiety, substance issues, loneliness, complex mental health issues, agoraphobia, hoarding Theoretical Discussion Question: Would you consider this approach to be: or hermeneutical transcendental How can essentializing experiences be troubling? How can they be advantageous? Open Coding; Axial Coding; and Selective Coding Example: