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Music revision sheet 2011

Gemma Coffey

on 15 June 2011

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Transcript of Handel

Handel Background of George frederic handel: 1685-1759
The Glory of The Lord was written in 24 days in 1741
Intended to be performed in the concert hall, rather than the church.
Also know as the Messiah, which is an oratorio. Structure: Uses recitatives, arias and choruses. Instruments/voices used: SATB
Violins 1 and 2
Continuo bass Tonality: Handel uses the keys A major, B major and E major. Harmony: He uses a four part choir and the different voilins. Melody: The melody is mainly the soprano line, the lyrics being 'And the Glory of the Lord'. Dynamics: Handel uses crescendo's, but not diminuendo's. The crescendo's are used often. The 'Glory of the Lord' is usually said during the cresendo to emphasise the praising of the Lord. Tempo/metre/rhythm: Has doubling of parts
It is 3/4
Each word on the first beat of a bar is seen to be emphasised more than the other words. Texture: Monophonic, polyphonic and homophonic textures are used. In the Baroque Era background to Messiah: Up until 1741, Handel had written many Italian operas in London, but these were slowly becoming unpopular in audiences. But having one in English seemed like more of a popular substitute. Handel could only produce oratorios for concert performances becasue the Church forbade biblical stories to be acted there.
The Messiah was first performed in Dublin in 1742. Handel contrasted the texture frequently to maintain a balance between repetition and contrast and to keep the listener interested. And finally, 1600-1750 was the Baroque era, when the Messiah was composed. There were three cadences used: Perfect, imperfect, and plagal. THE END
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