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Art and Architecture of Mesopotamia

World History Project

Jody Vickerson

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of Art and Architecture of Mesopotamia

Art & Architecture of Mesopotamia Types of Buildings Residential Buildings
Ziggurats Residential Buildings Residential buildings were made with some of the lower tier building materials such as mud brick, and mud plaster. Often poor families would only have houses made from reeds, sticks and other materials that they could scavenge. These residential buildings often had one square room as an entrance with other circular rooms attached with wooden doors. Palaces Palaces, also known as "The Big House" were where the ruler would live. Palaces were huge in size and highly decorated with expensive and rare materials such as copper, bronze and iron. These giant buildings were constructed with limestone brick and mud blocks. The interior has giant rooms decorated with paintings, statues and many different colors. Palaces also had many large courtyards with huge wooden and brass gates surrounded by fortified walls. Temples & Ziggurats Temples and Ziggurats were made with the most advanced of building techniques used in Mesopotamia. Made with huge stone columns and massive limestone staircases leading to the top of the structure. Ziggurats were very similar to pyramids and were used for each of the gods. These temples and ziggurats were used to ceremonies where sacrifices would take place. There are 32 known ziggurats, 28 are in Iraq and 4 in Iran. The main thing that separated a pyramid from a ziggurat was the flat top which had a shrine of the god at the top with glazed bricks with the rulers names engraved. Tools Mesopotamian's used things such as engraving tools to carve designs and symbols on stone or pottery, some of the tools they would use to do this is sharpened sticks, bone, rock, teeth, metal and shells. They also used tools like the wheel, smoothing stones, hammers and brushes. By 3000 B.C Sumerians learned how to make tools made from bronze, which was a large improvement from using tools such as sticks, bones, or teeth. Art of Mesopotamia Most of the art work recovered from Mesopotamia after many years were statues and painted walls on the inside of temples and palaces. After many years only a few paintings were recovered although many of the statues left remaining today were painted. Mesopotamian's used clay and stone to make their statues along with tools such stone, bone and wooden tools until the skill of making bronze into tools and weapons was learned. By: Jody & Tyler
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