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Autism and Asperger's Syndrome

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Vinoja Vijay

on 30 September 2016

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Transcript of Autism and Asperger's Syndrome

Autism and
Asperger's Syndrome

Autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological disorder impacting normal brain development causing delays in social behavior throughout an individuals life.
Difficulty relating to others
Repetitive patterns of behavior
Problems with verbal and non-verbal communication
Autism varies in every individual based on its severity and symptoms
Autism Test
Many cases of autism are detected within three years of birth.
Child psychologists test the cognitive abilities of children to determine whether they are autistic or not.
The Sally-Anne Test
Symptoms
Who is Afflicted?
Causes
Treatment
Asperger's Syndrome
By: Vinoja, Saumia and Sahithi
Babies and Toddlers
Older Children
No eye contact while being fed
Does not make noises to get attention
No response to name or familiar voices
Does not reach out to be picked up
Uses facial expressions that do not match what they are saying.
Difficulty communicating needs/desires
Obsessively lines things up in a specific order
Appears uninterested in engaging in group games, playing with toys or drawing
Autism Awareness
Causes
Causes
All racial, ethnic and socioeconomic groups can be be affected by autism.
Males are
4 to 5 times
more likely to be autistic
than females.
Genetics:
Environmental Factors:
Maternal Infections During Pregnancy:
Intervention During Early Stages
Social Skills Training
A psychological test evaluating a person's ability to relate to others and understand different views of thinking capabilities.
Tested on children ages 2+
This test is not fully conclusive because of various factors influencing the participant's answer.

Similar "mind" tests must be done to be able to properly diagnose an individual with autism.
Asperger's Syndrome
A developmental disorder on the autism spectrum characterized by:
Higher than average intellectual abilities
Difficulties with social skills
Restrictive and repetitive patterns
How is Asperger's Syndrome related to Autism?
Similarities
Differences
Brain Developmental Disorders
Individuals find themselves disconnected with society
Social Interaction Difficulties
Similar Causes (genetics, environmental factors)
Individuals with Asperger's Syndrome have a higher I.Q than the average person while people with Autism have a lower I.Q.
People with Asperger's syndrome start speaking the expected age while autistic children speak later.
Those with Asperger's syndrome are more likely to develop depression opposed to autistic people.
Asperger's Syndrome is usually detected later in a person's life and Autism during early stages of life.
Medical Treatment
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Helps change patient's behaviours and dysfunctional emotions)
Trained therapists and teachers involved in this process respect patient's unique needs, values and perspectives.
Child Psychologists help individuals practise social skills and behaviours maintained in public and at home.
Focusses on language and communication, play skills and daily living skills
A speech-language pathologist is involved in working individually with children.
Vaccines help prevent diseases affecting the immune system
April 2nd is World Autism Awareness Day.
This day is dedicated to people with ASD, helping raise awareness of these strong individuals.
Respect
Support
Acceptance
Autism is believed to be an identity for some individuals. By attempting to treat autism spectrum disorder, it is compared to eliminating the identity of the person altogether.
Autism is NOT a disease
The highest risk factor for ASD.
Autism can be hereditary (it can be received through the genes of a mother or father with an individual in their past family who had autism.
Babies born with genetic vulnerability to autism is likely developed by outside factors.
Pollution and Toxins (Contact with mercury)
Taking antidepressants during pregnancy
Nutritional deficiencies
Age of Mother and Father (older parents give risk to having autistic children)
Low weight of infant
Full transcript