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Region 5: Bicol Region

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Thea Matias

on 13 January 2015

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Transcript of Region 5: Bicol Region

Thank you!
Region 5: Bicol Region
• The name Bikol first came
to be known as the name of the
biggest and longest river in the region.
The river comes from the outflow of lakes
and springs from the provinces of Albay, Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte and
form a large stream that exits in the San
Miguel Bay, off the shores of Camarines Sur.
The people of the region are called Bikolanos
and the language is called Bikol.
• Catholicism was first
introduced to the Bikolanos
in 1569. The coming of the
Franciscans in 1578 started a
systematic and sustained
process of Catholic conversion.
• Total land area is 1,763,249 hectares
or approximately 17,632,400 sq.
kilometers. Of this, 1,250,460 hectares are alienable and disposable while 359,789 sq. kilometers are public forest areas. It occupies 6.0 percent of the country's total land area.
• “Bikol”
• Bicol Peninsula
• Also known as “Bicolandia”

• Six provinces;
 Albay- Legazpi City
 Camarines Norte- Daet
 Camarines Sur- Pili
 Catanduanes- Virac
 Masbate- Masbate City
 Sorsogon- Sorsogon City

• 107 municipalities
• 3,471 barangays
• 14 congressional districts.

• Albay
 Legazpi City
 Tabaco City
 Ligao City
• Camarines Norte
 None

• Camarines Sur
 Iriga City
 Naga City
• Catanduanes
 None
• Masbate
 Masbate City
• Sorsogon
 Sorsogon City

The Bicol region was known as Ibalon, variously interpreted to derive form ibalio, "to bring to the other side"; ibalon, "people from the other side". The region was also called "Los Camarines" after the huts found by the Spaniards in Camalig, Albay. No prehistoric animal fossils have been discovered in Bicol and the people of the region remains obscure. The Aeta from Camarines Sur to Sorsogon strongly suggest that aborigines lived there long ago, but earliest evidence is of middle to late Neolithic life.

The region is generally hilly and mountainous except
for a few stretches of plains extending from
Camarines Sur to the southwestern part of Albay and
several smaller coastal and inland plains in other parts
of the peninsula. It has many rivers, lakes, bays,
mountains, volcanoes, and waterfalls, caves and springs.
The beautiful and interesting spots are well distributed
in the area. The region is dotted with volcanoes with
the imposing and majestic Mayon Volcano as the most

Investment Climate
Investors looking for a favorable business environment will find Bicol an ideal place. Currently, the region is identified in the national map as a tourism and maritime zone due to its accessibility to Manila and Visayan Provinces.
Economy and Industry
The region is a major supplier of geothermal energy with its Tiwi and Bacon-Manito Geothermal Plants. A wide selection of places for conferences, conventions and training are available. The region also prides itself of having a literacy rate of 96% with schools and universities at par with those in Manila.

The region's economy is based on light industry and agriculture. Its main products consists of rice, coconut, corn, cement, abaca products, cutlery, and ceramics. The region also plays host to varied types of large companies belonging to local and multinational investors.

 By Land:
 Raymond Transportation Inc.- Cubao
 DLTB Bus Terminal- Pasay City
 Cagsawa Travel and Tours Inc.- Cubao
 Philtranco- Cubao
 Peñafrancia Tours and Travel Transport- Cubao
 Amihan Bus Lines Inc.- Pasay

 By Air:
 Cebu Pacific
 Philippine Airlines
 Zest Airways
 Airphil Express

The fastest and most convenient way to get to Legazpi is by air travel. All four major airlines: Philippine Airlines (PAL), Cebu Pacific, Airphil Express and Zest Airways have flights to and from Legazpi Domestic Airport, the region’s busiest airport and the busiest non-international airport in Luzon. These airlines also offer regular promo fares that make air travel to Legazpi more affordable. Flights between Manila and Legazpi usually take around 55 minutes to an hour. Airlines also connect Legazpi to Cebu, which is only an hour away via plane.
A new regional airline called Bicol Air Express is also set to offer flights from Legazpi to popular destinations in Bicol such as Caramoan, Catanduanes and Masbate.
The Legazpi Airport is classified as a major national trunkline airport with a runway extending 2,280 meters. A new international airport is under construction in nearby Daraga.

“Bicolandia's Goldmine”
Camarines Norte is a crescent-shaped province that stretches northwest to the southeast. Its terrain is characterized by rolling hills and mountains in the interior and fertile plains and valleys along the coast. Daet serves as the capital. It is classified as a 3rd class province.

Camarines Norte
gateway to the Bicol region.
province is gifted with various natural treasures, one of which is gold.
The town of Paracale is considered as the 'gold country' of the province.
The regional capital, political/administrative center, and largest city is Legazpi. Legazpi City is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce and transportation in the Bicol Region.
Camarines Norte
Spanish word “camarin”, meaning rice granary or warehouse.
"Ambos Camarines"
March 3, 1919 when Camarines Norte was created by the Philippine Legislature through Republic Act 2809.
Access to the province:
By land:
Camarines Norte is about six hours drive from Manila. Different transportation companies have air-conditioned buses plying the Daet-Manila-Daet and Daet-Naga-Legazpi-Daet routes.

By Air:
Camarines Norte can be reached through Pili Airport in Camarines Sur. From the airport, take a bus or a cab to Daet via Naga City. Local flights that land on Bagasbas Airport (Daet Domestic Airport)are also available.

1. Population – 513, 785 (as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 2,320.1 sq. km
3. Capital – Daet
4. Language/Dialect – Bikol, English, and Filipino
Cities (0)

Municipalities (12)
• Basud
• Capalonga
• Daet
• Jose Panganiban
• Labo
• Mercedes
• Paracale
• San Lorenzo Ruiz
• San Vicente
• Santa Elena
• Vinzons
• Bagasbas Beach
 Location: Brgy. Daet, Camarines Norte

• Mampurog River
 Location: Daet, Camarines Norte

• Mercedes Group of Island
 Location: Mercedes, Camarines Norte

Mercedes Group of Islands comprises of seven islands namely, Apuao Grande, Apuao Pequeña, Canton, Quinapaguian, Caringo, Canimog and Malasugui.

• Calaguas Group of Islands
 Location: Vinzons, Camarines Norte

• Mahabang Buhangin (Calaguas Group of Islands; Tinaga Island)
 Location: Vinzons, Camarines Norte

• Kalayaan Park
 Location: Daet, Camarines Norte

• Bitukang Manok

Man Made Attractions
Religious Attractions:
• Church of St. Peter the Apostle (Vinzons Catholic Church)
 Location: Vinzons, Camarines Norte

Palong Festival (Black Nazarene Festival)
Place: Capalonga, Camarines Norte
Date: May 13 - 14

Pabirik Festival
Place: Paracale, Camarines Norte
Date: February 1-2

Camarines Norte Queen – a special variety of pineapple that is unique and largely produced in the province.
Dilissinuwaan – dilis (anchovy) wrapped in taro leaves and boiled in coconut milk, vinegar, and spices
Iraid – grated cassava with sweet potato, pure coconut milk and brown sugar
"Home of the Penafrancia"
"Wakeboarding Capital"
Camarines Sur is known as the home of the Our Lady of Penafrancia. The whole Bicol Region as well as devotees all over the country visit the province September of every year to attend the fluvial festival. Their veneration to the Our Lady is proof of how religious the Bicolanos are.

Aside from this religious icon, CamSur has slowly developed economically. The state-of-the-art Camarines Sur Watersports Complex (CWC) has become the favored venue for water sports activities, especially wakeboarding. CWC has served as the venue of numerous local and international water sport events
1.Population – 1,693,821 (as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 5,380.8 sq. km
3. Capital – Pili
4. Language/Dialect – Bikol, English, and Filipino
Cities (2)
Iriga City
Naga City
Municipalities (35)
Cultural Attractions
Philtranco Heritage Museum
Location: Brgy. San Nicolas, Iriga City, Camarines Sur

University of Nueva Caceres Museum
Location: Brgy. Igualdad, Naga City, Camarines Sur

Historical Attractions
Calvario Hill
Location: Brgy. San Francisco, Iriga City, Camarines Sur

Ateneo de Naga University
Location: Naga City, Camarines Sur

Holy Rosary Minor Seminary
Location: Naga Cathedral Grounds, Naga City, Camarines Sur

Man-Made Attractions
Camarines Sur Watersports Complex
Location:Brgy. Cadlan, Pili, Camarines Sur

Bombon Leaning Bell Tower
Location: Bombon Church, Bombon, Camarines Sur

Nahulugang Kampana
Location: Brgy. Sta. Maria, Lagonoy, Camarines Sur
Natural Attractions
Mt. Iriga /Mt. Asog
Location:Iriga, Camarines Sur
Mt. Isarog
Location: Naga City, Camarines Sur

Gota Beach
Location: Brgy. Paniman, Caramoan, Camarines Sur
Lahuy Island
Location: Caramoan, Camarines Sur
Caramoan Beach
Location: Caramoan, Camarines Sur
Itbog Twin Falls
Location: Mt. Isarog, Naga CIty, Camarines Sur
Basilica Minore de Nuestra Senora de Pena de Francia (Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Penafrancia)
Location:Balatas Road, Naga City, Camarines Sur
Naga Metropolitan Cathedral

Our Lady of Penafrancia Church
Voyadores Festival
Place: Naga City, Camarines Sur
Date: Second Friday of September
Tumatarok Festival
Place: Minalabac, Camarines Sur
Date: May 11
"Land of the Most Perfect Cone"
1. Population – 1,190,823(as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 2,552.6 sq. km (986.13 square miles).
3. Capital – Legazpi City
4. Language/Dialect – Bikol, English, and Filipino

Albayanos- citizens of Albay
Legazpi City is the capital of the province.
It was named after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the Spanish conquestador who came to the Philippines in 1565 and started the massive colonization.
The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Aside from Mayon Volcano, it has two other major peaks: Mount Masaraga and Mount Malinao.
Cities (3)
Legazpi City
Tabaco City
Ligao City

Municipalities (15)


Pio Duran
Santo Domingo
Natural Attractions
Mayon Volcano
Location: Daraga, Albay
Calabidongan Cave
Location: Camalig, Albay
Hoyop- Hoyopan Cave
 Location: Camalig, Albay
Black Sand Beaches
 Location: Coastal area of Bacacay, Sto. Domingo,
and Tiwi, Albay
Vera Falls
 Location: Mt. Malinao, Malinao,
Busay Falls
Location: Malilipot, Albay

Religious Attractions
Our Lady of the Gate Church
Location: Daraga, Albay
Saint John The Baptist Parish
Location: Camalig, Albay
Nuestra Señora De Salvacion
Location: Brgy. Joroan, Tiwi, Albay
San Juan Bautista Church
Location: Tabaco City
Magayon Festival
Place: All over Albay
Date: April 1 - 30
Ibalong Festival
Place: Legazpi City, Albay
Date: Second week of October
Sarung Banggi Festival
Place: May 18 - 25
Date: Sto. Domingo, Albay
Bicol Express

Seaweeds, Malunggay and
Pumpkin Noodles
Pili Nut Candies
Abaca Products
“Bicol’s Whaleshark Paradise”
1. Population – 709,673 (as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 2,119.0 sq. km
3. Capital – Sorsogon City
4. Language/Dialect – Bikol, English, and Filipino
Cities (1)

Sorsogon City
Municipalities (14)


Prieto Diaz
Santa Magdalena
Sorsogueños is how the people of Sorsogon call themselves.
It is characterized by an irregularly topography, except for landlocked Irosin, all the towns lie along the coast. They are all connected by concrete and asphalt roads.
Except for its overland link with the province of Albay to the north, it is completely surrounded by water.
The province of Sorsogon is one of the few places in the world whale sharks, locally called butanding live.
Natural Attraction
Donsol Butanding/Whaleshark Interaction
Cultural Attractions
Old Houses of Juban
 Location: Juban, Sorsogon
Bagatao Island
Location: Magallanes, Sorsogon
Nagsurok Cave and Pinanaan Cave
Location: Prieto-Diaz, Sorsogon
Historical Attraction
Panlatuan Ruins
Location: Pilar, Sorsogon
Man- Made Attractions
Mt. Bulusan National Park and
Bulusan Mountain Lake
Location: Bulusan, Sorsogon
Matnog Island
Location:Matnog, Sorsogon
Mapaso Spring
Location: Irosin, Sorsogon
Rompeloas/Sorsogon Pier
Location: Sorsogon City, Sorsogon
Religious Attractions
Barcelona Church and Ruins (St. Joseph's Church)
Location: Barcelona, Sorsogon
Irosin Hilltop Church
Location: Irosin, Sorsogon
Pili Festival
Place: Sorsogon City, Sorsogon
Kasanggayan Festival
Place: Sorsogon Province
Butanding Arribada Festival
Place: Donsol, Sorsogon
Padaraw Festival
Place: Bulan, Sorsogon
Abaca Products
Historical Attraction:
Cagsawa Ruins
First Rizal Monument
Daet, Camarines Norte
Historical Attractions:

"Land of the Howling Winds", "Surfer's Paradise"
Economy and Industry
Catanduanes is a hispanized term derived from the word tandu, a native beetle and the samdong tree, which were both found in abundance throughout the island.

1. Population – 232,757 (as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 1,492.2 sq. km
3. Capital – Virac
4. Language/Dialect – Bikol, English, and Filipino
5. Divisions

Cities (0)

Municipalities (11)


Panganiban (Payo)
San Andres (Calolbon)
San Miguel
Historical Attractions:
Luyang Cave
Location: Brgy. Lictin, San Andres, Catanduanes
Japanese Tunnel and Radar Tower
Location: Brgy. Buenavista, Bato Catanduanes
Man-Made Attractions:
Balongbong Mini Hydro Damsite and Fore bay
Location: Guinobatan, Sipi Sibacungan, Bato, Catanduanes
Natural Attractions:
Puraran Island
Location: Barac, Catanduanes
Twin Rock Beach Resort
Location: Brgy. Igang, Virac, Catanduanes
Balite Beach
Location: Virac, Catanduanes
Kosta Alcantara
Location: Brgy. Marilima, Virac, Catanduanes
Amenia Beach
Location: Brgy. Palawig, Virac Catanduanes
Solong Falls Natural Park
Location: San Miguel, Catanduanes
Religious Attractions:
St, John the Baptist Church (Bato Catholic Church)
Location: Camaroan, Catanduanes
Holy Cross of Batalay Shrine
Location: Bato, Catanduanes
Batong Paluay
Location: Brgy. Batong Paluay, San Andres
Catandungan Festival
Place: Virac, Catanduanes
Date: October 24
Dinahit Festival
Place: Pandan, Catanduanes
Date: July 30 - 31
• Kagharong Festival
Place: Province-wide
Date: December 16- 25

• Tinagcrosan Festival
Place: Bato, Catanduanes
Date: Date: June 23-24
Feast day of Saint John de Baptist (Town Fiesta)
The Tinagcrosan Festival of the municipality of Bato is celebrated in homage to Fray Diego de Herrera, the Father of Christianity in the island of Catanduanes.
• Feast day of Immaculate Conception (Town Fiesta)
Place: Virac, Catanduanes
Date: December 7-8

• ABACACO Festival
Place: Bato
Date: 1st week of April

Bicol Express
Chili Cupcake
Manila Hemp
Tiger Grass
Native Products..
Rodeo Capital of the Philippines
"Rodeo" means public exhibition of cowboy skills
"Mas bati" - mixing vigorously

Economy and Agriculture
Large Farming
Poultry- raising
"Pot of Gold"

1. Population – 768, 939 (as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area – 4,151.8 sq. km
3. Capital – Masbate City
4. Language/Dialect – Masbateño, Bikol, English, and Filipino
Historical Attractions:
Limestone Hills
Location: Brgy. Kalanay, Aroroy, Masbate
Underwater Cave
Location: Brgy. Boca Engañio, Claveria, Masbate
Man-Made Attractions:

Bugui Point Lighthouse
Location: Brgy. Gumahaang, Aroroy, Masbate
Jintolo Lighthouse
Location: Jintolo Island, Balud, Masbate
Natural Attractions:
Catandayagan Falls
Location: Tical Island, Masbate City, Masbate
Kalanay Falls
Location: Brgy. Nabingig, Palanas, Masbate
Alta Vista Falls
Location: Brgy. San Fernando, Ticao Island, Masbate City, Masbate
Aroroy Falls
Location: Aroroy, Masbate
San Isidro Island
Location: Claveria, Masbate
Pawa Mangrove System and Wildlife Park
Location: Brgy. Pawa, Masbate Cit, Masbate
Bat-ongan Caves (Mandaon, Masbate)
Cagpating Island (Monreal, Masbate)
Veagan Island, Magcaraget Hamorawan & Daquit-Daquit Island (Dimasalang, Masbate)
Tinalisay Island (Burias Island)
Matangtubig Spring (Monreal)
Rodeo Masbateño Festival
Place: Masbate City, Masbate
Date: March 18
Bantigue Festival
Place: Brgy. Bantigue, Masbate City, Masbate
Date: August 10
Corn Festival
Place: San Ramon, Uson

Pagdayao Festival
Place: Province-wide
Date: June 13

Fresh Cow Milk

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