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POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION

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dang sasayuty

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION

C
ASE
S
TUDIES

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
MORE definitions on POE's...
POE's PERFORMANCE CONCEPT
Concept of building performance
is
major philosophical & theoretical
foundation of POE.


by: Tham Kai Ning & Dang As-Shayuty
Architecture, People & Environment
PROBLEM STATEMENT
INTRODUCTION
text by Natalie T
LOW COST HOUSING IN MALAYSIA
Buildings built
do not meet the expectations
from the users in the term of
users satisfaction, building's performance & adaptation (responsiveness) of users to the building's spaces.



POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION
The
construction industry
, like many industries and professions
during the 1990s
, became
acutely aware of its strained relationships with clients and of its poor public image
.
‘Client forums’
were set up at the highest level to
bring clients and users face to face with professionals to tackle the issues.




to
study
the definition of 'Post Occupancy Evaluation' (POE) and its benefits
to
identify
the elements & performance concept of POE

to
understand
the application of POE in building system
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What are the real definition and benefits of 'Post Occupancy Evaluation' (POE)?

What are the elements and performance concept of POE needed in achieving the most effective building performance?

How to apply and address POE concept towards existing building system?

the process of evaluating buildings in a systematic and rigorous manner after they have been built and occupied for some time - typically a year or two after handover
- Preiser W F E, Rabinowitz H Z and White E T (1988) Post Occupancy Evaluation. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold
POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION define as...
SCOPE & LIMITATION
Scope
Focus on POE in context of
housing & historical public building
in Malaysia
Limitation
Focus on
building occupants and their needs
- throughout the
life cycle
of the building from
initial design to occupation
- meets the intended organizational goals and occupant needs.
The performance
evaluated regularly between 4 to 24 months
-
improve the building current conditions
and as
guide for future buildings designs.
Provide
insights into consequences of past design
decisions and
resulting building performance benchmark
Good feedback
is an intrinsic part of good briefing and design of buildings
Well-designed building
s
are a significant factor in the recruitment of people
PURPOSE
Identify
actual performance of LEED certified facilities
in order:

ROLES OF POE - Manage facilities by...
Improving process of project delivery
Understanding how they are performing
How users´ needs are changing
Managing response to organizational change
Feeding into the ´Brief´ for next project
to

identify the benefits and shortcomings
of green facilities practices
to
provide feedback for future LEED projects
BENEFITS OF POE
SHORT TERM
MEDIUM TERM
LONG TERM
Finding solutions to problems in buildings;
Response to user needs;
Improve space utilization based on feedback from use;
Understand implications on buildings change whether it is budget cuts or working context;
Informed decision making.
result from immediate use of POE findings
relate to major decisions on building construction
Built-in capacity for building adaptation to organizational change and growth;
Finding new uses for buildings;
Accountability for building performance by designers.
lessons from failures and success of building performance are applied to the future buildings

Long-term improvements in building performance;
Improvement in design quality;
Strategic review.
POE provide evidence in lawsuits - malpractice in architecture and planning is suspected.
Although
POE's are rational and easily understood
activity
in building process, however some believes
evaluations have potential to threaten integrity of the design and planning disciplines

(Dr. Mohammad A. Hassanain, n.d)
NEGATIVE PERCEPTION ON POE
ELEMENTS OF BUILDING PERFORMANCE
RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE
POE - process of
systematic data collection, analysis & comparison
with stated
performance criteria
pertaining to occupied, built environments.
In POE process, there are
three elements of building performance
TECHNICAL
FUNCTIONAL
deal with
between building and

organizational goals,aspirations
BEHAVIORAL
deal with
survival
-
performance of building systems
- involves measure physical systems perform
(HEFCE,2006)
deal with
perceptions & psychology needs
of building users and how they
interact with facility.
lighting, heating, ventilation, acoustics, energy & water consumption, robustness, ability to change
strategic value, aesthetics, adaptability & relationship space, comfort, ventilation, noise, user control, serviceability, operational & life cycle cost
privacy, social interaction, density, territoriality, brief, procurement, design, construction, occupation
Doidge, R. D. (2014, May 15). cebe.cf.ac.uk.

(Horayangkura, 2012)
POE = Statement of Building Performance
Behaviour
Qualities
People Accomplish
THINGS TO BE MEASURED & EVALUATED


No absolutes in environmental evaluation
because of...
cultural bias
subjectivity
varied backgrounds of both evaluator and building user.

Same building and its physical attributes may be
perceived

by
same people

differently at
different times
,
or
differently by different people
at the same time.

BENEFITS
Increased objectivity
Clarity of measurements
Enhanced communications
Incentives for innovation and development of alternatives
Aid in decision making -
rigorous and objective analysis
Advanced professionalism
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

6.
Measurement
Comparison
Evaluation
Feedback
More public & residential building in Malaysia
can be
assured of building performance, user satisfaction & responsiveness towards building
as POE is done by design and build practitioners.

Awareness
of interior designers and architects in Malaysia and worldwide
on POE criteria
and may
adapting the elements & criteria
after reviewing the findings

PRINCIPLES PERFORMANCE CONCEPT APPLIED
Recently, there are several reported cases and safety failures of Malaysia's low cost housing which threaten the residents' or the occupants' life.

meaningful evaluation focus on values behind
the goals and objectives of clients or evaluators.

Performance Criteria on Building Evaluation
(Husrul Nizam Husin, 2012)
ce.
There are difference between
quantitative and qualitative
aspects of building performance
QUANTIFIABLE
QUALITATIVE
more difficult to evaluate
AESTHETICS
VISUAL COMPATIBILITY WITH BUILDING SURROUND
1.
2.
LIGHTING
ACOUSTICS
HUMIDITY
TEMPERATURE
MATERIALS DURABILITY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(Husrul Nizam Husin, 2012)
Determine criteria for both current
use of a building
and its
originally intended use
.
Performance criteria
need to be distinguished in
several ways
:
Examine
criteria selected by evaluators as experts.
Examine
facility

management
criteria vs.
occupant-needed
criteria.
LOW COST HOUSING IN MALAYSIA
LEADS TO POE's OUTCOME
(Dr. Mohammad A. Hassanain, n.d)
(http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/low-cost.jpg, 2014)
interaction
to achieve goal of creating a responsive environment, it is
virtually essential to include a post-occupancy evaluation (POE)

of the built environment
P.O.E
(Dr. Mohammad A. Hassanain, n.d)
(Dr. Mohammad A. Hassanain, n.d)
(Husrul Nizam Husin, 2012)
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Study on assessment residential satisfaction of newly designed public low-cost housing dwellers of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is done by Abdul Mohit et. al.
FOUND
Residents are moderately satisfied with dwelling unit support services.
Specify

benefits for periods of time & after conducting

POE
Emphasis on
elements of building performance
in evaluating POE
FOUND
Guide designers to
design better living space accordingly to POE performance concept & criteria
Using similar POE method, for instance occupant's satisfaction survey was done by Hafazah (Husrul Nizam Husin, 2012) to seek into the satisfaction of Low-Cost Housing residents Shah Alam, Malaysia.
Not cover
history of POE
Not assess
POE phases & process in detail
Not assess
building problems & attributes
Limited to the application of
POE in interaction human & facilities design
Time & resource constraint
Residents are dissatisfied with their dwelling units in terms of security, space and parking layout.
R
EFURBISHED
H
ISTORICAL
B
UILDING
I
N
K
UALA
L
UMPUR
Payback or
benefits
of POE are
considerably
leveraged
, particularly for a
long-term building user
:
when
energy is saved, maintenance and repair costs are reduced; and crime is lessened.
The results shows in the raising of
productivity,

satisfaction
and
net savings
.

This greatly outweigh its goal
, has
more significance when
POE is used as input to series of buildings.
CONCLUSION
help
facility managers
to manage better existing building stock -
growing trend for renovation and adaptive re-use
help
organizations test new building ideas

and operate more efficiently within their facilities -

improved design criteria and guidelines to contribute better quality buildings
positive influence on

creation of humane and appropriate environments for people

- through

effective and appropriate design response; performance specification
allows
professionals
to make informed decisions about design of the built-environment -
reduce legal & liability problems

POE's
comprehensive definitions, credible performance concept and criteria, also the availability of design elements
in building performance leads directly to
significant improvements in building quality
RECOMMENDATION
Understand building supports & activity fine-tuned new buildings and adjust management practice
Identify more efficiently building uses and more cost effectively - eliminate dysfunctional features
Understand similar building perform in-use, avoid mistakes & implement successful design features
Capture greater commitment to solutions and more willingness to accept shortcomings - staff & client relation
REFERENCES
THANK YOU

REFURBISHED HISTORICAL PUBLIC BUILDING
REFURBISHED HISTORICAL PUBLIC BUILDING IN KUALA LUMPUR
inherent
complexity
and
uncertainty
nature of work

(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012) mentioned that refurbishment of historical building do face several problems, they are as follows:
complications of
matching existing

materials

with new
ones (the old ones had stopped of their productions)
existing historical building is
regulated
by heritage regulations and restrictions and
built with minimum passive fire fighting equipment
(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012)
(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012)
IN KUALA LUMPUR
The author then conceptualized his research methodology after reviewing on his objectives of research.
Objectives of Research:
Blyth, A. (n.d). Post Occupancy Evaluation: Its Role in Managing and Maintaining Higher Education Facilities. Retrieved May 16, 2014, from Association of University Directors of Estates : http://www.oecd.org/edu/innovation-education/37124417.pdf

Doidge, R. D. (2001). POST-OCCUPANCY EVALUATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://cebe.cf.ac.uk/aee/pdfs/doidgec.pdf

Hassanain, D. M. (n.d). Post-Occupancy Evaluation. Retrieved May 14, 2014, from King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals: http://opencourseware.kfupm.edu.sa/colleges/ced/are/are514/files%5CCourse_Presentation_Lecture_Slides.pdf

Post Occupancy Evaluation. (n.d). Retrieved May 15, 2014, from http://www.postoccupancyevaluation.com/

Henderson G., and Doidge C. 2000. Post Occupancy Review of Buildings. www.heestates.ac.uk/partners/hedqf/buildocc/report/postocc.doc

PROOF 1
PROOF 2
LEARN & EXPERIENCE POE
To
identify building functional performance
of
refurbished historic building
in
Malaysia
n construction industry through

Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) concept
To highlight
issues and problems
in the refurbishment industry and to propose a conceptual conducive
guidelines
for future
refurbish public building
.
then,
Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, H. A. (2012). Functional Assessment through Post Occupancy Review on Refurbished Historical Public Building in Kuala Lumpur. ASIA Pacific International Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies (pp. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 68 (2012) 330-340). Giza: Elsevier Ltd.

Horayangkura, V. (2012). Incorporating Environment-Behaviour Knowledge into the Design Process: An Elusive Challenge for Architects in the 21st Century. ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies (pp. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 50 (2012) 30-41). Bangkok: Elsevier Ltd.

http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/low-cost.jpg. (2014, May 16). Retrieved from http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/low-cost.jpg

Husrul Nizam Husin, A. H. (2012). Preliminary survey of integrated safety elements into post occupancy evaluation for Malaysia's Low Cost Housing. ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, Savoy Homann Bidakara, Bandung Hotel, Bandung, Indonesia (pp. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 36 (2012) 583-590). Bandung: Elsevier B.V.

newscenter.berkeley.edu. (2014, May 16). Retrieved from newscenter.berkeley.edu: http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/GreenSatisfaction-4101.jpg


(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012)
methodology
: literature review, semi-structured interview and questionnaires, site investigation and correlation analysis
feedbacks

Issues highlighted and building occupants' satisfaction level are determined.
(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012)
(Ahmad Ezanee Hashim, 2012)
thus,
P.O.E
guide
evaluate
analyze
improve
Full transcript