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Nationalism, Unification, and Reform
Transcript of Nationalism, Unification, and Reform
Russia was looking to expand its power. While Russia looked for the land and power the Ottoman empire was in decline. Russia took advantage, which turned into a long-term struggle these two countries. This struggle was the result of the Crimean War.
The Crimean War was what was supposed destroy the Concert of Europe. The War took its toll on Austria and Russia, their ally was destroyed and they were both without friends among great power.
During this unification Austria had dominant power on the peninsula of Italy. when the 1848 revolutions failed the people of Italy looked to Northern Italy for leadership. the king, Camillo di Cavour, knew that he he needed a lager army so he took an alliance with the French Emperor, Louis- Napoleon. They declared war on the Austrians in 1859.
With Cavour's success it caused many other nationalists to overthrow their governments and join Piedmont. While this was happening a new leader was rising, Giuseppe Garibaldi. This patriot had gathered an army of 1,000 men that volunteered. By 1860 in September Garibaldi had conquered the Two Sicilies and given them over to Piedmont. in 1870 Rome was the capital of the new European Empire.
When the Frankfurt Assembly failed Germany still wanted to move on with unification so they looked for leadership finding it in Prussia. Thinking of how he could make Prussia better King William the first tried to enlarge their army.
The Legislature did not agree and decided not to levy the new taxes, which proposed change. To get his way he appointed a new prime minister, Otto van Bismarck. Bismarck was against anyone who was against him and was known as a practitioner of realpolitik. Since King William appointed him, he decided to collect taxes and create a bigger army. Soon Bismarck had approval from parliament.
Prussia was gaining control over most of the countries in Europe and had defeated the Austrians by July 3, 1866.Soon enough Prussia was in control of all Germany. With Prussia getting larger and having control over all of Northern Germany.
The Prussian king wanted the throne to Spain the French didn't agree, so Bismarck pushed the French over the edge and then the French declared war on Prussia. This happened on July 19,1870. Napoleon and the entire army had been captured by the Prussians. Paris then surrendered in 1871. on January 18 the Prussians, lead by Bismark, allowed Prussia to become the kaiser of the Second German Empire. they soon accomplished German unification.
Breakdown of the Concert of Europe