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FAS can be prevented

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Stacey Luna

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of FAS can be prevented

The same study found that an estimate of 1 in 71 babies in utero have been exposed to large amounts of ethanol in the last 30 days. With approximately 6 million pregnancies in the US each year, that would mean 456,000 fetuses are knowingly exposed to ethanol each year. Our Babies are Being POISONED Ethanol exposure is the leading cause of mental retardation. It also can cause growth deficiencies, CNS injury, and facial dysmorphology. The extent and severity of the damage depends on the amount of exposure, gestational period at the time of exposure, and to some degree the genetic make up of the child. Ethanol exposure can damage almost any body system of the developing fetus. These children often have microcephaly, orthopedic abnormalities, neuromotor delays, cognitive and behavioral deficients. How are they being exposed to ethanol? Mothers willfully
ingest this chemical. Ethanol is also called...
ethyl alcohol
pure alcohol
grain alcohol The numbers reported earlier do not account for women who did not know they were pregnant when they drank. beer 50% of pregnancies in the US are unplanned. Another CDC study found, of women surveyed within child bearing years and who were not using any type of birth control, 52.4% said they wanted to become pregnant and at the same time, 54.9% reported alcohol use and 12.4% reported binge drinking. What group of women would you guess reported the highest estimates of reported alcohol use? College Graduate Unemployed or Employed? Employed Ages: <18, 18-24, 25-34, or 35-44? 35-44 Race: White, African-Am, Native Am, Hispanic, or other? White Education: <High School, Diploma/GED, or College Graduate? or... drinking alcohol liquor wine Believe it or not.... Disregard? Surprised? I was. If it is known that alcohol consumption during pregnancy puts the baby at risk of many alcohol related birth defects, why do mothers continue to drink? Ignorance? Denial? Addiction? Although birth defects cause by alcohol exposure are 100% preventable, there are still children born with alcohol related birth defects with the most severe being Fetal Alcohol Syndome. FAS is the most severe diagnoses under the umbrella term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). There will be an estimated 24,000 children diagnosed with FASD this year. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is estimated to effect 6000 children this year based on a live birth rate of 4 million in the US. and at least one characteristic facial dysmorphology For a child to diagnosed with FAS they must have symptoms of... growth deficiencies CNS abnormalities Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder can include one or many of the following. Visual perception and visual -motor skills
Sensory integration difficulties
Tactile - seeking or resisting
Vestibular - seeking or resisting
oral sensory processing
regulatory functions Cognition
Short attention
Easily distracted
concept learning
understanding boundaries Musculoskeletal
Muscle tone - hypotonia or hypertonia
Posture - funnel chest, forward head, rounded shoulders, hyperextention of knees
Strength - weak core, poor upper body, arm & legs
ROM Gross Motor Skills
developmental milestones
ambulation This is what FAS/FASD looks like. Iyal Ashley Morgan Fawcett The CDC found that an estimate of 1 in 13 fetuses have had at least some exposure to ethanol in the last 30 days. Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid. It is used in thermometers, as a solvent, and as a fuel. Is that drink worth their future? Reference
-Abel E, Sokol R. Fetal alcohol syndrome is now leading cause of mental retardation. Lancet. 1986;2:1222.
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Alcohol consumption among women who are pregnant or who might become pregnant – United States, 2002. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2004;53(50):1178-1181.
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Alcohol use and binge drinking among women of childbearing age – United States, 2006–2010. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2012;61(28):534-538.
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tracking fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). CDC website. 2010. Available at: www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/research-tracking.html. Accessed January 5, 2013.
-National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert. NIAAA website. 2007. Available at: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA72/AA72.htm. Accessed January 8, 2013.
-U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Press Office. U.S. Surgeon General releases advisory on alcohol use in pregnancy. Surgeon General website. 2007. Available at: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/news/2005/02/sg02222005.html. Accessed January 5, 2013. There are many physical therapy interventions that can be used with these children to give them the opportunity to be the very best that they can be.

This is why we chose physical therapy as a profession. So the question now is...
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