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Sherifa Amin

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Brazil

Modern Day Brazil
Map Practice
Status Update
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Portuguese Colony
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Federative Republic of Brazil

1. All of Latin America speaks ______ except for ______ which speaks ______

2. This means that ______ was colonized by ________
Pages covered in "Brazil"
Section 10.1 From Portuguese Colony to Modern Giant pages 291 and 295

Section 10.2 A Multicultural Society pages 297 and 298

Brazil had a lot of similarities to the Spanish colonies (such as Mexico). For example:
1. The Portuguese came for gold & silver
2. They took a lot of Brazil's resources (sugar cane & coffee)
3. They forced the indigenous (native) people of the region to work & farm for them
4. Many died of diseases or fled into the rain forest
5. Portugal controlled Brazil until Brazil's independence in 1822
For almost 90 years, Brazil was ruled by military leaders & dictators.

So was most of Latin America after achieving independence.

Democracy came later.
One big challenge facing Brazil: A huge gap between rich and poor
The Brazilian government changed its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia in 1960


1) Rio is on the coastline, Brasilia is inland. In case of an invasion, the inland capital would be easier to defend than a city on the shore

2) Rio was overcrowded

3) The government figured that if they moved the capital inland, people would move there, get jobs and it would develop

What were the challenges facing Mexico?
1. Pollution
2. Creation of jobs
3. illegal immigration to the US
Few Brazilians live in luxury
Most Brazilians are poor
Uneven distribution of land & wealth
Brazil will need to create more jobs for the nation's poor
Brazil's Multicultural Society
Official language: Portuguese
Religion: Christianity
Today, Brazil has a "multicultural society", which means a society made up of multiple cultures
Native Brazilians
Six million Indians lived in Brazil before the Portuguese arrived
Tens of thousands died from the diseases brought by European colonists
Today, about 700,000 Indians live in the Amazon rain forest
They have their own ways of life, arts, crafts & languages
They compose less than 1% of Brazil's population

Culture the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
Originally came as slaves to work on the plantations
Their descendants live in Brazil today. They are almost 6% of the nation's population
Many influences to Brazilian culture
African slaves created Brazil's national food
African rhythms influenced Brazilian music
Originally came as colonialists in 1700s
Brazil was seen as a place to gain wealth; many Europeans migrated to make their fortunes
After Brazil became independent, many Europeans went to work there (coffee industry)
Half of Brazil's population are European descendants
(5 min/facts/food)
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