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Puritan Values and
Transcript of Puritan Values and
What are Puritans?
Extreme protestants that were within the Church of England
Believed that English reformation was necessary
-reformation in doctrines and the church's structure were most important
Eliminate catholic influence
-this would purify their national church
Most of them graduated from Cambridge University
-Direct personal religious experience
-sincere moral conduct
-simple worship services
Had definite expectations on how their followers should seriously take Christianity
-Christianity was the focus of human existence
Government and church hierarchy became extremely repressive which caused some of the Puritans to emigrate
Later, they were expelled from the Church of England and classified as Nonconformists
Several groups had come over to the new world
Brought strong religious impulses to the new world and spread them north of Virginia
Richard Mather and John Cotton were leaders of the Puritan colony that was built on the Massachusetts Bay
Many true Puritans stressed for personal religious experience
Believed to direct national affairs according to God's will
Had direct and exclusive control over colonial activity ,however, their reign lasted until the end of the 17th century
Puritan Values In The 1600's
American Values Now
Puritans valued the community above the individual. Another value high upon that list would be that everyone must obey the bible for it was the word of God. They then taught everyone to read and "For the first time in history, free schooling was offered for all children" (Kay Kizer). One thing that kept the puritans themselves was that they in order to stay in their colonies people either had to be converted to puritanism or had their religion repressed.
Did Puritan values shape America?
Puritan values did lead to modern America but not the way they had expected it to be. The puritans had a incredibly strict religion which caused more of their followers to divert and form their own beliefs due to their strict practices. As a result, more people began to question the religious authority and began to form their own opinions and beliefs. Today, America's first amendment is the freedom of speech, religion, and expression, which most likely came from former puritans. Instead of forming a country of strong religious belief, they lead to country where anyone can believe in what ever they wanted. These values did not lead to what they truely wanted. Their values led to a country with democracy.
Values Americans live by include the idea that they each have control over their environment, meaning that they can bring about change. A major one would be competition and free enterprise. The explanation behind this theory is the explanation that " a highly competitive economy will bring out the best in its people and, ultimately, that the society that fosters competition will progress most rapidly"( L. Robert Kohls).
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Puritans were Calvinists
Puritans were Calvinists
This means that they did not believe in atonement for their sins but rather that salvation is predetermined but still believed in good behavior.
This is why they were set on reclaiming the church in England and were eventually forced off.
"I would rather believe a limited atonement that is efficacious for all men for whom it was intended, than a universal atonement that is not efficacious for anybody, except the will of men be added to it". (Sermons, Vol4, p.70)