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The New South
Transcript of The New South
Temperance: Abstinence from alcoholic drink
Suffrage: The right to vote in political elections.
Convict Lease System: The convict lease system was when prisoners where used for labor. Leo Frank was a Jewish factory worker who was found guilty of murdering 13-year-old worker Mary Phagan. He waas then sentenced to a life in prison. A group of men then broke Frank out of his Milledgeville cell and drove him to Phagans house in Alpheretta. They then hung him from a tree infront of her house. This announced the rebirth of the KKK. In result, the governor was forced to leave the state, the men were denouned as viligants, and child labor laws were reconsidered. Tom Watson was a part of the Populist Party, which was a group of politicians who believed in the interest of the common man. He also introduced RFD(Rural Free Delivery Bill). This bill meant that rural farm families would now have their mail delivered to their homes for free. It took several years to put into place, but farm families no longer had to travel to the nearest post office for their mail. When Watson rose to power his view on Civil Rights totally transformed. He began to be very racist. Booker T. Washington was a professor at Atlanta University and a Civil Rights leader. He gave a speech called the "Atlanta Compromise" in which he stated the blacks and whites to agree to work together in order to benefit from each other financially. He that this was the bare minimum and that blacks and whites did not have to actually socially associate themselves with one another. That was opposite from W.E.B's views on cultural relations. He was also a Professor at Atlanta University, and a leader of the civil rights movement. In contrary to Booker T. Washington, he thought that whites and blacks should be socially and politically integrated. He thought that Washingtons views would never allow blacks to be on the same social level as whites. He thought blacks deserved the same education as whites. He also organized the Niagara Movement to end Jim Crow Laws. The ruling of this case was "Seperate-but-equal. This meant that it now became perfectly legal in the south for whites and colored to be seperated in society. This brought about issues like different schools. Needless to say, whites where often presented with the better school system. This also made "Jim Crow Laws" legal. They were laws that restricted black Americans from certain freedoms. They closely resembled Black Codes. Plessey vs. Ferguson was the court case that made Jim Crow Laws legal. Tom Watson added to the racial tension through his controversal newspaper atricles. The increase in population during that time had put alot of competition on races to get jobs. Due to this, there were laws passed restricting African Americans. This led to a three day riot in Atlanta. Military rule was needed to to control the state. It cost thousand of dollars to repair the destruction caused by the riot.