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History of Film: Culture, Society and Change Part Two 1940s-1960s

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Michael Parkes

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of History of Film: Culture, Society and Change Part Two 1940s-1960s

The Great Dictator (Charlie Chaplin 1940)
The Fuhrers Face
Challenging Authority
The Outlaw (1941-46)
Creative Unions
House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
The Hollywood 10
Screen Writers Guild
Screen Actors Guild
Screen Directors Guild
Vertical Integration - Monopoly Break Up (1949)
Italian Neo-Realism
Rome Open City (1945)
US Enters War
Mrs Miniver 1942
British Film Industry
US imports taxed 75%
Embargo on US films
Deal to develop studios
Denham & Paramount
Passport to Pimlico (1949)
Ministry for Information
London can Take it (1940)
American Women
Mildred Pierce (1945)
Titanic 1943 (Germany)
What was Happening?
Japanese Attack Pearl Harbour
U.S. Drops Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
End of World War 2
Winston Churchill Gives His "Iron Curtain" Speech

Artistic Unions
Ealing Themes
British 'quirkiness'
Post-Empire Britain
Community Spirit
How do these films reflect British Life?
Democracy (choice) vs Fascism (brutality)
Film Noir
Blurred Good & Bad
Expressionist lighting
European Threats
Individual vs Group
Millions Like Us (1943)
In Which we Serve (1942)
Conspirator (1949)
A King in New York (1957)
1940s Key Themes
Communism/unionism US
UK film industry boom
Morale boosting War films
Propaganda US & Germany
Film Noir & Femme Fatale
All That Heaven Allows (1955)
American Cinema
Post War boom
Consumerism & Suburbanisation
Role of Women
Decline in cinema admissions

HUAC Hearings
A Face in the Crowd (1957)
House of Wax (1953)
Immersive Cinema
The Tingler (1959)
Paranoid Invasion Narratives
Post War Male
War of the Worlds
Invasion of the Body Snatchers
Invaders from Mars
Red Planet Mars
Kitchen Sink Realism
A Kind of Loving
Look Back in Anger
A Taste of Honey
The Man with the Golden Arm
Twelve Angry Men

Went the Day Well (1942)
The Wild One
On the Waterfront
Blackboard Jungle
Rebel without a Cause
Youth and Rebellion
Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)
Look Back in Anger (1959)
Saturday Night, Sunday Morning (1960)
Ice Cold in Alex (1958)
Aftermath of War
Paths of Glory
The Bridge on the River Kwai
Ice Cold in Alex
How are post war films different to earlier films about War?
1950s Women
Next Week 1950s
Communism and Suburban America
Invaders from the Red Planet
Aftermath of War on Men & Women
The Coming of Television

Black Narcissus (1947)
The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)
Half Point Quiz
Can you name these Films and their Decades?
Suez Crisis and Empire
1950s - A Golden Age?
What global events inspired 1950s Cinema?
What films can you recall from this decade?
Hammer Studios
Located in Bray UK
Won Queens Award for Industry

Key Themes
Fall of Empire Horror
Basis in literature
Deviant sexuality
Science & Technology
Quatermass Experiment (1955)
Curse of Frankenstein (1957)
Stranglers of Bombay (1959)
Psycho (1960)
Peeping Tom (1960)
Generational Conflict
The Sorcerers (1967)
Old vs Young
Tradition vs Contemporary
Establishment vs Anarchy

Swinging Britain
Blow Up (1966)
Art and Culture
Fashion and Music
Sexuality & Gender

Britain and Empire
The Knack...and how to get it (1965)
How does Austin Powers represent the 60s?
James Bond
What do James Bond films say about Britain in the 60s?
If (1968)
How do the films of 'Swinging Britain' differ?
What are they trying to say?
1960s Film Industry
Screen Writers Guild striked for TV takings
massive loses for major studios (Paramount Decree)
Major studios bought up by larger companies
Greater competition of independents and abroad
Films shoot in Europe moving money away from US
Cost $44 Million
Major loses
Turned to new younger audiences
1960s Violence

Wild Angels
The Trip
Easy Rider
French New Wave
Hand held camera
Deconstructed narratives
Jump cuts
Breathless (1961)
The Dirty Dozen (1967)
Relaxed Censorship (sex, language, violence)
Easy Rider (1969)
Invention of the birth control pill
Soviets Launch First Man in Space
Andy Warhol Exhibits His Campbell's Soup Can
Cuban Missile Crisis
Martin Luther King Jr. Makes His "I Have a Dream" Speech
JFK Assassinated
U.S. Sends Troops to Vietnam
going on?
Carry on Camping (1969)
One Hundred and One Dalmatians
The Jungle Book
The Sound of Music
Doctor Zhivago
You Only Live Twice
The Graduate
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Mary Poppins
Box Office Hits of the 1960s
Full transcript