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Hungary

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Júlia Vághy

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of Hungary

Geography
Hungary's population
According to countrymeters.info about 9.86 million people live in Hungary at the moment.
Hungary's Location in Europe
Some Basic Information
Language: Hungarian
Territiory: 93 030 square km-s
The country is made up of 19 counties
(Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Békés, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Csongrád, Fejér, Győr-Moson-Sopron, Hajdú-Bihar, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Komárom-Esztergom, Nógrád, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Tolna, Vas, Veszprém and Zala)

Religion
(according to the 2011 census)
: Roman Catholicism (37.1%), Calvinism (11.6%),
Lutheranism (2.2%), Greek Catholicism (1.8%), Other religions (1.9%)
, Undeclared (27.2%), Non-religious (16.7%),
Atheists (1.5%)
Hungarian money is called "forint". 1 dollar worths about 286 forints and 1 euro about 306 forints.
(exchange rates on 04.24.2015)

The Climate in Hungary
Continental climate
Usually long, hot summers and cold, humid winters.
Average yearly temperature: 8-12 °C
The annual rainfall is about 500-900 mm-s.
The Beautiful Capital City:
Budapest
Fisherman's Bastion
Matthias Church
Buda Castle
Chain Bridge
Castle Hill
Gellért Hill
The Hungarian Statue of Liberty
St. Gellért's Statue
St. Stephen's Basilica
Liberty Bridge
Parliament
Heroes' Square
Hungarian State Opera House
Central Market Hall
City Park
Rink in the winter
Sculpture of Anonymus
Vajdahunyad Castle
Playground for the children
Margaret Island
Japanese Garden
Running Track
"Bringóhintó"
4-wheeled bicycles with 2 or 4 seats
The little zoo
Fountain
Water Tower
Synagogue
Budapest Zoo
Capital Circus of Budapest
Aquincum
Some Information About Budapest
Population: about two million people

Area: 525 square km-s

Budapest is made up of 23 districts (the roman numbers indicate the dictrict)

11 bridges cross the Danube in the city (9 of them are made for road traffic and 2 for railways)

According to the Euromonitor International's survey, Budapest is the 7th most visited city in Europe and the 27th in the world.

The crest of Budapest:
Let's take a virtual 2-minute trip to the main sights of the city! :)
There are also lots of other things to see in Budapest, like spas, museums, pubs, parks, sculptures, etc. But that would be impossible to show all these nice places and things in one presentation.
Szentendre
The "Skanzen" in Szentendre is a model of a traditional hungarian village. If you want to learn something about the hungarian traditions or take a trip to the past the "Skanzen" is the perfect place for you.
Szentendre is also a nice little town full of souvenir shops, cafes, restaurants with a wonderful atmosphere.
Tokaj
Tokaj is one of Hungary's best wine regions. Their most famous wine is the "Tokaji Aszú".
Lake Balaton
Tihany
The Abbey of Tihany
Tihany has huge lavender-fields that are beautiful when they bloom in June and July.
Lake Balaton is one of the best summer resorts in Hungary for all ages.
Lake Balaton is also a popular cycling place. There is a bicycle path around the lake so if people feel fit they can cycle around the whole lake.
Some Basic Information About Lake Balaton
Balaton is the biggest lake in Europe.
Maximum length: 77 km
Maximum width: 14 km
Surface area: 592 square km
Average depth: 3.2 m
Maximum depth: 12.2 m
Lake Balaton is also a great place for water-sports like windsurfing, sailing and kayaking.
Tihany is a peninsula, the only one in Hungary.
Siófok
Siófok is a normal village during the year but in the summer in turns into a party-town full of life and cheerfulness.
Aggtelek
Aggtelek National Park
Huge stalactite caverns
Flower Festival in August
Debrecen
Main Square
"Nagyerdő" - Bigforest
Esztergom
Basilica
Castle
Széchenyi Square
Synagogue
Sopron
Eger
Egerszalók
Egerszalók is famous of it's thermal water.
Basilica
Minaret
István Dobó* Square
*István Dobó was a Hungarian general in the Siege of Eger against the Turks.
The Castle of Eger
Pécs
Széchenyi Square
Minaret
Basilica
Hortobágy
Traditional Hungarian National Park
Visegrád
Salamon Tower
Castle
Royal Palace
Danube Bend
A Little History
Besides Budapest there are also many awesome places to visit in Hungary. Let's see a few examples!
Originally Hungarians were nomadic people and they lived somewhere around the Ural Mountains.
Then under the leadership of Árpád they took over the Carpathian Basin around 895.
In 1000, King Stephen I (St. Stephen) founded the state of Hungary, and accepted the Catholic religion as standard. Stephen was crowned with the Holy Crown of Hungary and blessed by the Pope.
In 1241-1242 the invasion of the Mongols caused serious destruction in the country, and half of the population were killed or deported as slaves.
After the invasion King Béla ordered the construction of a system of strong stone castles to defend the country from further attacks. The second Mongolian strike was stopped at Pest by the royal army thanks to these castles.
After a Turkish conquering army defeated the Hungarian royal army at Mohács in 1526, the country split into three parts around 1541; the Hungarian Kingdom, the Habsburg dominion and the Turkish dominion. It took 150 years before the Hungarians could stand up to this situation, reunite and drive out the Turks. After the Turkish domination, the country became part of the Habsburg dominion, but under the leadership of Ferenc Rákóczi II. Hungarians partly took back their independence, and signed the treaty of peace at Szatmár in 1711.
In the 19th century very important reforms were made. Hungarian became the official language of the country, and the language was renewed and elected to a literary level.
In 1848 there was an independence revolution in Hungary. The Hungarians tried to remove the boundaries of the Habsburg dominion. After the suppression of the revolution, the silent resistance made the nation stronger than ever before.
In 1867, a Hungarian delegation, led by Ferenc Deák finally came to an agreement with the Habsburgs and so the dualistic system of the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy was born and peace descended across the land.
The major minorities are made up of Romanies, Germans, Slovaks, Romanians, Croats, Serbs, Ukrainians, Poles, Greeks, Bulgarians, Rusyns, Armenians and Slovenes.
In World War I Hungary was ally to Germany and Austria and had to send hundreds of thousands of troops to die for foreign interests. In 1918 the Monarchy broke up, the first government was established and the country became the Republic of Hungary.
After losing the war, the allied Atlantic countries overran Hungary and in accordance with the Treaty of Trianon, split up the country.
World War II brought more tribulations to the people of Hungary. Fighting alongside the Germans against the Soviets, the Hungarian government eventually tried to change sides to the allied Atlantic countries. Possibly fearing the sudden exposure from the vulnerable flank of the Hungarian plains - perfect tank country- the Germans then overran Hungary near the end of the war and deposed the government to their nationalist allies. Hundreds of thousands died during the war or were deported to German concentration camps.
After the Germans were beaten by the Allies, Soviets took over the country, drove out the Germans, and stayed for 44 years. In 1956 the people tried to force the leadership to stop this domination, and dictatorship by the soviets, but the attempt was unsuccessful and was punished unmercifully. However it did have some effect on the government and some concessions were made. The soviet domination lasted until 1989, when Hungary finally became an independent democracy.
In 1999 Hungary joined NATO.
And in 2004 Hungary became a member of the European Union.
Hungary
Special Hungarian Things
Traditional Patterns
"Matyó" embroidery
"Kalocsai" embroidery
Traditional Clothes
Traditional Dishes
Hungarian Stew with dumpling
Hungarian Goulash Soup
The Hungarian Paprika
Paprika is a characteristic spice of the Hungarian cuisine.
Paprika has a lot of types from sweet to very spicy.
Hungarian Lace
The most famous Hungarian lace is "Halasi" lace.
"Halasi " lace is made in Kiskunhalas.
They make laces since 1902.
Hungarian Porcelain
Native Animals
Hungarian Grey Cattle
Racka Sheep
Mangalica
(Mangalitsa, Mangalitza)
Hungarian Folktales
Hungarian Folktales are instructive stories usually for children. Long ago Hungarians made them up in social places. No one wrote them down but they remained.
Then some people decided to collect them. Lots of books of folktales were published and also TV series were created out of them.
Famous Hungarian Inventions and People
Oszkár Asbóth
The inventor of helicopters
Tivadar Puskás
The inventor of telephone exchange
Albert Szent-Györgyi
The discoverer of Vitamin C
László József Bíró
The inventor of ball pens
Péter Károly Goldmark
The inventor of color television
Dénes Gábor
The inventor of hologram
Ányos István Jedlik
The inventor of dynamo
Ernő Rubik
The inventor of Rubik's Cube
János Irinyi
The inventor of the noiseless and non-explosive match
János Neumann
The inventor of the first computer
"Pálinka"
Pálinka is a very strong Hungarian drink.
In Hungary it's legal to make Pálinka at home in a non-industrial quantity.
Hungarian Wine
The most famous wine region in Hungary is Tokaj, it's also a part of the world heritage.
Hungary has the right circumstances to make good wine so the country has a lot of wine regions.
István Lindmayer
The inventor of the Needle-free Injection Machine
Béla Bartók
Zoltán Kodály
Famous composer
Ferenc Liszt
Famous composer
Ferenc Puskás
An amazing football player, the legendary captain of the "Golden Team"
Some Interesting Facts About Hungary
Famous composer
20 000 forints worths about 63,5 euros.
There are a lot of zeros in Hungarian moneys. It usually confuses foreign people.
Hungarians say their surnames first and than their first names.
Hungarian is a genderless language. They don't have "he" or "she" they say "ő".
Hungarian is one of the world's most difficult languages because of it's grammar.
As you could see it at the famous Hungarians' names, on some Hungarian letters there are dots or commas above them. Like ó, ö, ő, ú, ü, ű, é, á, í.
The Language
Hungary has one of the biggest bathing culture in Europe. The country has about 1500 spas typically featuring Roman, Greek and Turkish architecture.
As of 2007, 13 Hungarians had recieved a Nobel Prize (this is more than Japan, China, India, Australia or Spain) in every cathegory except peace.
Hungarians won gold medals at every summer Olympics except Antwerp 1930 and Los Angeles 1984 when they didn't compare.
THE END
Thanks for watching :)
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