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Contributors to the Development of Computer

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Dan Vang

on 6 May 2011

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Transcript of Contributors to the Development of Computer

Contributors to the Development of Computer Charles Babbage
In 1833 Babbage had embarked on an even more ambitious project - his Analytical Engine: "a machine of the most general nature". Babbage's Analytical Engine was to be the world's first general use programmable computer, a machine designed not just for solving one particular problem, but to carry out a range of calculations ordered by its operator. John Backus
Early 1950s, developed a
language system with his
team. The language system
was called Fortran (Formula
Translator). It was first high level programming language
and is most widely used in physics and engineering. Dijkstra, Edsger Wybe
Around 1972, he help made contributions
to developing programming languages. He was also the Schlumberger Centennial Chair of Computer Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin from 1984 until 2000. Edgar Frank Codd
A mathematician and computer scientist whose theories led to the creation of organized computer database. Dr. Robert M. Metcalf
Invented the ethernet in the 1970s at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center.It was designed to support research on the "office of the future", providing a way for personal workstations to share data. John Vincent Atanasoff
Built the world's first electronic digital computer at Iowa State University during 1937-1942. It incorporated several major innovations in computing including the use of binary arithmetic, regenerative memory, parallel processing, and separation of memory and computing functions. Vinton G. Cerf
He connected the first two nodes of the ARPANet, the predecessor to the Internet, and "contributed to a host-to-host protocol" for the ARPANet.
He also led the engineering of MCI Mail, the first commercial email service to be connected to the Internet. Douglas Engelbart
Invented a number of interactive, user-friendly information access systems that we take for granted today: the computer mouse was one of his inventions. The mouse was a common pointing device, popularized by its inclusion as standard equipment with the Apple Macintosh. Howard Aiken
Continued the work of Charles Baddage. Build an electromachanic machine that could perform mathematical operations quickly and efficiently and allow a person to spend more time thinking instead of laboring over tedious calculations. Robert Noyce
Invented the common configurations of wiring came together as integrated circuits or microchips. Transistors which represent the bits in a computer needed to be wired together for interaction. Transistors are characters of the alphabet, microchips are the words formed by those alphabets and computers are the composition of dozens of these microchips. John von Neumann
In 1945 John von Neumann wrote "First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC" in which he outlined the architecture of a stored-program computer. Electronic storage of programming information and data eliminated the need for the more clumsy methods of programming, such as punched paper tape — a concept that has characterized mainstream computer development. Ivan Sutherland
In 1963, he published the Sketchpad, an interactive, real time computer drawing system, as his MIT doctoral thesis. Using a light pen and Sketchpad, a designer could draw and manipulate geometric figures on the screen. J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly
1943-1951, designed and built the ENIAC, the first modern (all electronic, Turing-complete) computer, and the UNIVAC I, the first commercially available computer. Jacek Karpinski
In 1973, developed the first differential analyzer that used transistors, and developed one of the first machine learning algorithms for character and image recognition. Also was the inventor of one of the first minicomputers, the K-202. Maurice Wilkes
In 1949, built the first practical stored program computer (EDSAC) to be completed and for being credited with the ideas of several high-level programming language constructs.
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