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Transcript of Hampi
Hampi is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. It is located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi
Hampi is charismatic even in its ruined state. It attracts thousands of tourists and pilgrims every year. Vast stretches of boulder-strewn hills make the backdrop of Hampi unique.
Dotted around the hills and valleys are 500 plus monuments. Among them are beautiful temples, basements of palaces, remains of aquatic structures, ancient market streets, royal pavilions, bastions, royal platforms, treasury buildings..the list is practically endless. Hampi is a backpackers paradise, the same way the pilgrims delight. In Hampi at every turn there is a surprise. Every monument hides more than what they reveal. As an open museum, Hampi has numerous popular (100 plus!) locations visitors throng.
If dreams were made out of stone,
it would be Hampi..
Hampi is identified with the historical Kishkindha, the Vanara (monkey) kingdom mentioned in the Ramayana. The first historical settlements in Hampi date back to 1 CE.
Hampi formed one of the core areas of the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire from 1336 to 1565, when it was finally laid siege to by the Deccan Muslim confederacy. Hampi was chosen because of its strategic location, bounded by the torrential Tungabhadra river on one side and surrounded by defensible hills on the other three sides. The site is significant historically and architecturally. The topography abounds with large stones which have been used to make statues of Hindu deities. The Archaeological Survey of India continues to conduct excavations in the area, to discover additional artifacts and temples.
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi
on the List of World Heritage in Danger was
prompted by the construction of two suspension
bridges which dominate the natural environment and
threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The
construction of a road towards one of the bridges
will result in a major increase in heavy goods
traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling
and reconstruction of an important historic
monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house)
within the borders of the site. This dislocation
signifies serious problems in the implementation
of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE :
Hampi has historical importance because the place has the sacred
foot prints of Rama, one of the avathars (incarnations) of God Vishnu.
Here Hanuman is given importance because he was a loyal
friend and follower of Rama, and showed his deep affection to him.
Hampi has more icons for Hanuman. Rishimukha Hills is a place (hermitage)
where Hanuman saw Rama and Lakshmana.
There is one famous temple called Vittala Temple. Near this famous
temple, there is a village in which a sacred heap of ash hill which is
considered to be the pyre of Vali (The rebellious brother of Sugreeva).
Malyavanta is a hill which has become renowned because Rama and
Lakshmana took refuge in that hill.
CONSERVATIVE MEASURES :
UNESCO representative Junko Tanaguchi visits
Hampi for the first impression of the situation.
Bridge construction still continues.
Junko Tanaguchi highlights the threats.
->Recommends immediate corrective measures
->Removal of threats causes by two bridges
->Recommends the inclusion of the site in World
Heritage in Danger.
WHAT WE CAN DO :
We had recently got to know that the govt. of india is
removing people from their homes by saying to relocate
them but the fact is the govt. is extracting minerlas.
We should bring this matter into public consideration
and oppose govt. and fight for those homeless people
who were preserving hampi since 100s of years.
made by lala etc...