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E4: Macbeth

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john meehan

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of E4: Macbeth

MACBETH 1606 Characters: First Witch
Second Witch
Third Witch Act I.i Act I.ii Act I.iii Characters: Duncan
Malcolm
Captain Lennox
Ross William Shakespeare April 23, 1564- April 23, 1616 38 plays 154 sonnets 2000+ words If you cannot understand my argument, and declare ``It's Greek to me'', you are quoting Shakespeare; if you claim to be more sinned against than sinning, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you recall your salad days, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you act more in sorrow than in anger; if your wish is farther to the thought; if your lost property has vanished into thin air, you are quoting Shakespeare; if you have ever refused to budge an inch or suffered from green-eyed jealousy, if you have played fast and loose, if you have been tongue-tied, a tower of strength, hoodwinked or in a pickle, if you have knitted your brows, made a virtue of necessity, insisted on fair play, slept not one wink, stood on ceremony, danced attendance (on your lord and master), laughed yourself into stitches, had short shrift, cold comfort or too much of a good thing, if you have seen better days or lived in a fool's paradise -why, be that as it may, the more fool you , for it is a foregone conclusion that you are (as good luck would have it) quoting Shakespeare; if you think it is early days and clear out bag and baggage, if you think it is high time and that that is the long and short of it, if you believe that the game is up and that truth will out even if it involves your own flesh and blood, if you lie low till the crack of doom because you suspect foul play, if you have your teeth set on edge (at one fell swoop) without rhyme or reason, then - to give the devil his due - if the truth were known (for surely you have a tongue in your head) you are quoting Shakespeare; even if you bid me good riddance and send me packing, if you wish I was dead as a door-nail, if you think I am an eyesore, a laughing stock, the devil incarnate, a stony-hearted villain, bloody-minded or a blinking idiot, then - by Jove! O Lord! Tut tut! For goodness' sake! What the dickens! But me no buts! - it is all one to me, for you are quoting Shakespeare.

Bernard Levin Act I Act II Act III Act IV Act V Three witches meet to plan their encounter with Macbeth, a Scottish general and the Thane of Glamis.

They agree to gather again at twilight upon a heath that Macbeth will cross on his way home from battle. King Duncan and his sons, Malcolm and Donalbain, meet a soldier who is weak and bleeding. He reports that Macbeth and Banquo have performed valiantly in the fight.

King Duncan learns that the Thane of Cawdor has surrendered, so Duncan awards the Thane's title and possessions to Macbeth. Characters: First Witch
Second Witch
Third Witch Macbeth
Banquo
Ross
Angus The witches prophesy that Macbeth shall be king and Banquo shall be father of kings.

Macbeth learns he's been made Thane of Cawdor, and he contemplates killing Duncan. liminal an "in-between" or "transitional" state where one thing ends and another begins a state of being in two different stages at the same exact time. "I got stuck in the LIMINAL area between two rooms."

"The LIMINUS is the space inside a doorway."

"Macbeth explores the theme of LIMINALITY."
1) How many witches are there?

2) What three titles to the witches call Macbeth?

3) What three phrophecies do the witches tell Banquo? STORY RECAP: Act 1.iii key concept: Act I.iv Characters: Banquo
Malcolm
Duncan
Macbeth "Stars, hide your fires;
Let not light see my black and deep desires" "So foul and fair a day I have not seen." "The earth hath bubbles as the water has,
And these are of them." "For brave Macbeth—well he deserves that name—
Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
Which smoked with bloody execution,(20)
Like valor's minion carved out his passage
Till he faced the slave,
Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him,
Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps,
And fix'd his head upon our battlements." "Fair is foul, and foul is fair." Act I.v Characters: Lady Macbeth
Messenger
Macbeth "Yet do I fear thy nature;
It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness
To catch the nearest way." soliloquy a moment in a play where a character stands alone on the stage and "confesses" to the crowd his/her inner thoughts. Act I.vi Come, you spirits
That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here
And fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full
Of direst cruelty! Make thick my blood,
Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
That no compunctious visitings of nature
Shake my fell purpose nor keep peace between
The effect and it! Come to my woman's breasts,
And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers,
Wherever in your sightless substances
You wait on nature's mischief! Come, thick night,
And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,
That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark
To cry, “Hold, hold!” Characters: Duncan
Banquo
Lady Macbeth "If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well
It were done quickly." Act I.vii Characters: Macbeth
Lady Macbeth "I have given suck, and know
How tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me:
I would, while it was smiling in my face,
Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums,
And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you
Have done to this." MACBETH:
If we should fail?

LADY MACBETH:
We fail?
But screw your courage to the sticking-place,
And we'll not fail. MACBETH:
If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well
It were done quickly. If the assassination
Could trammel up the consequence, and catch,
With his surcease, success; that but this blow
Might be the be-all and the end-all here,(5)
But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,
We'd jump the life to come. But in these cases
We still have judgement here, that we but teach
Bloody instructions, which being taught return
To plague the inventor. This even-handed justice(10)
Commends the ingredients of our poison'd chalice
To our own lips. He's here in double trust: First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,
Strong both against the deed; then, as his host,
Who should against his murderer shut the door,(15)
Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan
Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been
So clear in his great office, that his virtues
Will plead like angels trumpet-tongued against
The deep damnation of his taking-off,(20)
And pity, like a naked new-born babe,
Striding the blast, or heaven's cherubin horsed
Upon the sightless couriers of the air,
Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye,
That tears shall drown the wind. I have no spur(25)
To prick the sides of my intent, but only
Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself
And falls on the other— Macbeth's First Soliloquy Act II.i Characters: Banquo
Fleance
Macbeth "Is this a dagger which I see before me,
The handle toward my hand?
Come, let me clutch thee.
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still." Characters: Macbeth
Lady Macbeth Act II.ii "I go, and it is done: the bell invites me.
Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven, or to hell." DRAMATIC IRONY Identify one line of dialogue in Act I that is an example of In a properly-formatted reflection paper of approximately one page, explain what this line means, and why the line is ironic. Submit TYPED papers IN CLASS on Monday, Dec. 3. THIS WEEKEND'S HOMEWORK: Macbeth
Lady Macbeth Characters: Act II.ii Act II.iii Characters: Porter

Macduff
Lennox Macbeth
Lady MacBeth

Banquo

Donalbain
Malcolm (a drunk doorman) (noblemen of Scotland) (keepers of the castle) (Macbeth's old friend) (King Duncan's sons) { DONALBAIN:
What's amiss?

MACBETH:
You are, and do not know't:
The spring, the head, the fountain of your blood
Is stopp'd; the very source of it is stopp'd. MACDUFF:
Your royal father's murdered.

MALCOLM:
O, by whom?

LENNOX:
Those of his chamber, as it seem'd, had done't: comic relief Act II.iv Characters: Old Man
Ross
Macduff Who do you believe is the most dangerous character at this point in the play?

Use evidence from the text to support your claim, and bring your argument to the start of tomorrow's class. HAND-WRITE YOUR THOUGHTS
IN ONE PARAGRAPH "Well, may you see things well done there, Adieu,
Lest our old robes sit easier than our new!" "Malcolm and Donalbain, the King's two sons,
Are stol'n away and fled, which puts upon them
Suspicion of the deed." Act III.i Characters: Banquo
Macbeth
Lady Macbeth Servant
Murderer #1
Murderer #2 "Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all,
As the weird women promised, and I fear
Thou play'dst most foully for't:" "It is concluded: Banquo, thy soul's flight,
If it find heaven, must find it out tonight. " "There is none but he
Whose being I do fear;" Keep your friends close... Act III.ii Characters: Macbeth
Lady Macbeth
Servant "Nought's had, all's spent,
Where our desire is got without content.
’Tis safer to be that which we destroy
Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy." "O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!
Thou know'st that Banquo and his Fleance lives." Act III.iii Characters: Murderer #1
Murderer #2
Murderer #3
Banquo Has Macbeth made ANY good decisions up to this point in the play?

Defend your thinking in a hand-written paragraph.

Come prepared to discuss your reactions in tomorrow's class. Act III.iv Characters: Macbeth
Lady Macbeth
Murderer
Lennox
Ross Act III.v Characters: First witch


Hecate (the other two witches are present, but do not speak) (The goddess of witchcraft) Act III.vi Characters: Lennox


Another Lord (Who can't believe all of these sad things are happening!) (With news from England) LENNOX:
Sent he to Macduff?

LORD:
He did: and with an absolute “Sir, not I,”
The cloudy messenger turns me his back,
And hums, as who should say, “You'll rue the time
That clogs me with this answer.” "There the grown serpent lies; the worm that's fled
Hath nature that in time will venom breed,
No teeth for the present." "Avaunt, and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee! Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold; Thou hast no speculation in those eyes which thou dost glare with." FOG VAPOR BUBBLES AIR WIND SMOKE I
R
O
N
Y
? I
N
S
A
N
I
T
Y
? Act IV.i Characters: Macbeth
Lennox
First Witch
Second Witch
Third Witch Hecate
Apparition #1
Apparition #2
Apparition #3 41. Macbeth
42. Lady Macbeth
43. Duncan
44. Malcolm
45. Donalbain
46. Banquo
47. Fleance
48. Lennox
49. Macduff
50. MacDonwald bc. This person asks spirits to "take my milk for gall." a. This "serpent's" last words are "Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! b. This villain was the Thane of Cawdor when the play opened. c. This person unwittingly said that Iverness "castle hath a pleasant seat." d. This elder brother is the rightful heir to Scotland's throne. e. This younger brother fled to Ireland. ab. This person is accused of being "too full of the milk of human kindness." ac. This is another Lord who attended Macbeth's coronation. ad. This person suspects foul play, and refused to attend Macbeth's coronation. ae. This now-missing "worm" is Banquo's son, and the witches predict that he will be king one day. "Double, double, toil and trouble;
Fire burn and cauldron bubble." Beware Macduff None of woman born shall harm Macbeth Never shall be vanquished 'till Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane Hill Act IV.ii Characters: Lady Macduff
Macduff's Son
Ross
Messenger
Murderer #1 "Then the liars and swearers are fools; for there are liars and swearers enough to beat the honest men and hang up them." Be a man? What does it mean to In a properly-formatted reflection paper of approximately one page, explain the quote you found, and evaluate the quote's merit. Submit TYPED papers IN CLASS on Monday, Dec. 10. THIS WEEKEND'S HOMEWORK: search the online text to find a quote! MALCOLM:
Dispute it like a man.

MACDUFF:
I shall do so;
But I must also feel it as a man. Act IV.iii Characters: Macduff
Malcolm
Doctor
Ross What were the three apparitions?
What were the three predictions? Time, thou anticipatest my dread exploits.
The flighty purpose never is o'ertook
Unless the deed go with it. From this moment
The very firstlings of my heart shall be
The firstlings of my hand. And even now,
To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done:
The castle of Macduff I will surprise,
Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o’ the sword
His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls
That trace him in his line. Act V.i Characters: Doctor
Gentlewoman
Lady Macbeth "Out, damned spot! Out, I say!" "The Thane of Fife had a wife; where is she
now? What, will these hands ne'er be clean?" "Here's the smell of the blood still. All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand." Act V.ii Characters: Mentieth
Caithness
Lennox
Angus "Or so much as it needs
To dew the sovereign flower and drown the weeds. Make we our march towards Birnam" Macbeth's Castle
(IVERNESS) King Edward's Castle
(ENGLAND) MacDuff's Castle
(FIFE) 1.
2. 1.
2. 1.
2. Free Write: Imagine you were a contestant on a TV show like "Survivor" where players competed against one another to win $1,000,000. Which of the characters from Macbeth would you most like to compete against for the prize? Why?

Which of the characters from Macbeth would you LEAST like to compete against for the prize? Why? Act V.iii Act V.iv Characters: Macbeth
Servant
Seyton
Doctor "Seyton—I am sick at heart,
When I behold—Seyton, I say!—This push
Will cheer me ever or disseat me now.
I have lived long enough." Characters: Malcolm
Macduff
Mantieth
Siward "Let every soldier hew him down a bough,
And bear't before him: thereby shall we shadow
The numbers of our host, and make discovery
Err in report of us." Act V.v Act V.vi Act V.vii Act V.viii Characters: Macbeth
Seyton
Messenger Characters: Malcolm
Siward
Macduff Characters: Siward
Malcolm Macbeth Young Siward Macduff "Out, out, brief candle!
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing." Make all our trumpets speak; give them all breath,
Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death. My wife and children's ghosts will haunt me still.
I cannot strike at wretched kerns, whose arms
Are hired to bear their staves: either thou, Macbeth,
Or else my sword with an unbatter'd edge
I sheathe again undeeded. Characters: Macbeth Macduff Malcolm
Siward
Ross MACBETH
I bear a charmed life, which must not yield
To one of woman born.

MACDUFF
Despair thy charm,
And let the angel whom thou still hast served
Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb
Untimely ripp'd. Homework: Cut and paste your favorite quote from the play onto the class WallWisher. "The change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity." "The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad." "He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous... who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty." PITY REVERSAL OF FORTUNE CATHARSIS The Aristotelian Tragic Hero
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