Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Why Macbeth is Considered a Tragedy

This deserves 100%. If not, 101%.
by

N R

on 24 April 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Why Macbeth is Considered a Tragedy

What is a Shakespearean Tragedy?
According to Charles Boyce who wrote the article "Shakespearean Tragedy", it is defined as:

"A drama dealing with a noble protagonist placed in a highly stressful situation that leads to a disastrous, usually fatal conclusion"
Why Macbeth is Considered a Tragedy
By: Nicholas, Natalia, Luca, Aaron, and Red
Thesis
The play Macbeth is considered as a Shakespearean Tragedy because:

It follows the format of a Shakespearean Tragedy
There is a tragic hero in the play
We feel pity for what happened to the main characters at the end of the play
Where did tragedies originate
from?
The idea of a tragedy was defined by Aristotle in a play called “Ars Poetica”
Originally written by roman poet Horace, Aristole talks about how the play was considered a tragedy
The book was about a good person but he has a flaw, sometimes called the “tragic flaw”
In the course of the play, something bad happens to him, and he would then end up dying
Characteristics of a Tragedy
A tragedy is a five act play, which ends in the death of most major characters
It usually has a main character who is usually highly placed in their society
They eventually experience a downfall that will be unusual and disastrous in themselves
The main character experiences a stage of isolation
Format of Macbeth
Macbeth is considered a tragedy because it follows the six requirements of a Shakespearean Tragedy. These consists of:

High Degree of Importance
Military Leader
Hamartia
Hubris
Catharsis
Nemesis
High Degree of Importance
The first characteristic of a Shakespearean Tragedy is the High Degree of Importance, meaning the main character in the play is someone who has an important political status
In this Shakespearean play, Macbeth is both the Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor
King Duncan speaks highly of Macbeth honouring his efforts in the civil war honouring with importance.
“O Valiant Cousin! Worthy gentleman!” “Worthy Thane” (1.2.26/55)
The respect King Duncan has for Macbeth, is mirrored by the people of Scotland, he is an admirable and praiseworthy gentleman in the community
As the play develops, Macbeth obtains the role of King of Scotland, in which he gains a greater degree of importance.
Military Leader
An important part of a tragedy is taken from the idea that an entire nation is affected by the decisions made by the tragic hero; Macbeth
Macbeths’ downfalls have great consequences, affecting the welfare of the entire nation of Scotland, as Macbeth is an army general of King Duncan
When Macbeth becomes King of Scotland, his consequences begin the downfall of Scotland, Malcolm reflects on the damage done by Macbeth to his nation by declaring:
“I think our country sinks beneath the yoke; / It weeps, it bleeds, and each new day a gash/ Is added to her wounds.” (4.3.45-47)
This implies the harm done by Macbeth destructs everything below him in The Great Chain of Being including the people of Scotland
Hamartia
Hamartia is a major tragic flaw the main character of a Shakespearean Tragedy has
Macbeth’s greatest flaw is his vaulting ambition, causing his own tragic downfall
Macbeth himself recognizes this unpleasant trait within his character before killing King Duncan by admitting:
“I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intent, but only / Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself / And falls on the other.” (1.7. 25-28)
Macbeth’s desire to gain power and status, takes over allowing his vaulting ambition to overshadow the kind honourable man he once was.
Hamartia (Cont.)
Macbeth's ambition only grows as he obtains the title of King of Scotland and Macbeth recognizes that Banquo’s children may take his throne away
“When first they put the name of king upon me, / And bade them speak to him; the prophet-like / They hail’d him father to a line of kings.” (3. 1. 62-64)
His ambition controls his actions as he decides to kill Banquo and his son Fleance to ensure many years of power as the King of Scotland
Hubris
Hubris formats the mistake the tragic hero makes caused by his or her excessive pride
After growing over confident by the Witches new deceptive prophecies, Macbeth becomes fearless and bold
This causes him to trust the prophecies which cause his own tragic downfall
“The mind I sway by and the heart I bear/ Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear” (5.3. 9-10)
Macbeths’ dependence on the Witches’ prophecies transform his honourable and noble self replacing it with a tough and arrogant Macbeth
“Bring it to me. / I will not be afraid of death and bane, / Til Birnam forest come to Dunsinane.” (5.3.67-69)
This mistake causes Macbeth his own death
Catharsis
Catharsis the realization of the mistake made by the tragic hero
Macbeth realizes the double meaning of the prophecy:
“None of woman born. / Shall harm Macbeth.” (4.1.87-88)
When Macbeth comprehends the real meaning of the Witches’ words he senses fear and desperation as he knows he is not invincible:
“Accursed be that tongue that tells me so,/ For it hath cow’d my better part of man!/ And these juggling fiends no more believed/ That palter with us in a double sense.” (5. 8. 21-24)
Macbeths’ terror for his own tragic ending leads the audience to pity his character and fear his death.
Nemesis
Nemesis is the divine judgement by the rightful character and the retribution of the tragic hero leading to his own death
Macduff give the divine judgement to Macbeth for all the crimes he has committed against the people of Scotland, King Duncan and his own family, as he plans to kill Macbeth and after his death
“Upon a pole, and underwrit, / ‘Here may you see the tyrant.’” (5. 8. 30-31)
In this judgement Macbeth dies as an honourable general seeing that he fights respectably.
What is a Tragic Hero?
The definition of a tragic hero is a great character in a dramatic tragedy that is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
Traditionally, a tragic hero is one of high birth who possess a flaw in his character that brings about his own downfall, is heroic or has heroic qualities
Macbeth is a character that fits both of these qualities
How was Macbeth a Tragic Hero?
Macbeth is a hero because at the beginning of Act I, we hear how heroic Macbeth is when he is fighting for his country
Macbeth fought the war well and in the end he ends up winning the war for Scotland
Macbeth is praised for his courage in the war, and he thinks he has a chance of being King of Scotland after hearing the prophecies from the Three Witches
Also, in Act I we hear that the king really appreciates what Macbeth has done during the war, so he awards him with the title of “Thane of Cawdor”
We also know that Macbeth is the Thane of Glamis. These two titles tell us that Macbeth is of great political importance and he is moving up in ranks of Scottish Nobility
How was Macbeth a Tragic Hero?
(Cont.)
In order for Macbeth to be considered a Tragic hero, he has to have a tragic flaw
Macbeth’s tragic flaw was that he was too ambitious and also his inability to control his emotions
Macbeth says that he is too ambitious himself he says this after he gets his prophesy’s from the "three witches"
After the witches tell Macbeth that he is going to become King of Scotland, Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth about this and together they come up with the idea to kill King Duncan
He then tells Lady Macbeth that he does not want to kill King Duncan, but Lady Macbeth convinces him that people will not think that he killed Duncan, so in the end Macbeth decides to go ahead with the idea of killing Duncan.
How was Macbeth a Tragic Hero?
(Cont.)
Their plan was to get the guards drunk so they would pass out, when this happens Macbeth would take their daggers and stab Duncan while he was sleeping leaving some blood on the guards so it looks like they killed Duncan.
After this Macbeth was crowned the new King of Scotland, once this happened Scotland was in extreme chaos because the rightful person (Malcolm) did not become king.
After this happened Macbeth went back to the three witches’ to get “answers”, they gave him three new prophecies
After hearing these new prophecies, Macbeth even more confident, but in the end all three prophecies deceived him.
At the end of the play, Macbeth and Macduff fight to the death, ending with Macduff cutting off Macbeth's head. This teaches the audience of the danger of ambition.
Macbeth’s character fits every characteristic of a Shakespearean tragic hero.
Audio Visual on How Macbeth was a Tragic Hero
Explaination of the Video
In the beginning of the first clip Hans and Anna meet for the first time, Hans is portrayed as a noble person
Hans' character is like Macbeth's character in the beginning of the play
Hans is a noble person as he is a Prince from "The Southern Isles", and he the youngest member of thirteen royal siblings
Macbeth is heroic while fighting the war and he is noble because he has the title of Thane of both Cawdor and Glamis, which tells us that he is of great nobility in Scotland
When Hans betrays Anna in the second clip, it is like Macbeth betraying Scotland and his friends
Macbeth betrays his friends by killing Banquo, Macduff’s family and King Duncan
He betrays Scotland because he makes the country go into chaos because he is not being a good noble King like Duncan was.
Do we feel pity for Macbeth?
We do feel pity for Macbeth at the end of the play, because he was decieved by the witches in order to do bad things
The encounter Macbeth had with the witches is what had a heavy influence over him, this was a crucial point for him and a new flow of direction
The prophecies that were delivered to him is what triggered this flow
Macbeth is slowly beginning to change as he questions himself about how he’s going to fulfill these prophecies. Because of this he is going through a cycle.
However, Macbeth somewhat fell into a trap, but he was lured into it. He was manipulated or played by the witches like a pawn in a game of chess, he had lost his state of wellbeing, which he continued to lose thought the time of this cycle.
He is now on a course that will lead him to his demise, more so his fate rather than a destiny
Do we feel pity for Macbeth?
(Cont.)
However at the end of the play, Macbeth died fighting honourably
Macbeth may have been tricked or manipulated, but his will was still intact
He has a determined aspect throughout the majority of the play. You can see this from the very beginning of the play when Duncan praises him for his noble services and heroic battles
Macbeth had yet to realize what he was doing to the kingdom of Scotland just for the sake of having these prophecies fulfilled
Now, at the end of the play Macbeth was “betrayed”, he fought against Macduff, he realized what he had done, but continued to fight to the very end, he was now fighting with his own courage and pride, he knew he had no choice but to fight at this point.
Was Macduff's Judgement of Macbeth
fair?
Macduff’s judgment of Macbeth was fair because Macbeth had done horrible things to other people including his family
At this point we know what type of person Macbeth had become, and how he ended up this way
Macbeth had many people murdered, he killed off many significant characters (Ex. Banquo)
Macbeth had Macduff’s family murdered as well
However, Macduff had already had his suspicions of Macbeth, from the time Duncan was killed and he was announced the new king of Scotland
In Charles Boyce's article "Macduff, Thane of Fife", Boyce states that:
"Macduff had then joined Malcom in exile in England. There he learns that Macbeth murdered his family. Malcom and Macduff would then lead an army against Macbeth"
Was Macduff's Judgement of Macbeth
fair? (Cont.)
Macduff sees this as the chance to exact personal vengeance against Macbeth
However, Macbeth relies on the supernatural assurance that no man born of woman can harm him
However, we eventually learn that Macduff was from his mother’s womb untimely ripped.
Macbeth knew that Macduff wasn’t his supporter, and when Macduff left, he had his family killed
Due to this fact, this put Macduff in a place where you can call him the rival and vanquisher of Macbeth
Therefore, Macduff had no other solution but to kill Macbeth and restore order to Scotland.
GAME TIME.
Explaination of the Game
Game is: Who wants to be a Millionaire?
We will pick volunteers (Max. Participants: 4)
4 Questions per participant
Questions will be based on information from the seminar
If you volunteer and get at least one question right, you win a PRIZE. (Yes, it is Peanut-free. We checked.)

DOESN'T SEEM HARD. RIGHT?
First Topic:




INTRODUCTION


Q: A ______ is a drama that deals with a noble protagonist who is placed in a highly stressed situation?
A) Soliloquy

B) Comedy

C) Tragedy

D) Action movie starring Liam Neeson
Q: A ______ is a drama that deals with a noble protagonist who is placed in a highly stressed situation?
A) Soliloquy

B) Comedy

C) Tragedy

D) Action movie starring Liam Neeson
Q: "Ars Poetica" was written by
________.
A) Aristole

B) Hostius

C) Tibullus

D) Horace
Q: Ars Poetica was written by
________.
A) Aristole

B) Hostius

C) Tibullus

D) Horace
Q: How many acts are there in a
Shakespearean Tragedy?
A) 4

B) 5

C) 6

D) 7
Q: How many acts are there in a
Shakespearean tragedy?

A) 4

B) 5

C) 6

D) 7
Q: The main character of a tragedy usually experiences a stage of what?
A) Isolation

B) Love

C) Hunger

D) Confusion
Q: The main character of a tragedy usually experiences a stage of what?
A) Isolation

B) Love

C) Hunger

D) Confusion
Second Topic:




FORMAT OF A SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY
Q:According the format of a Shakespearean Tragedy, Macbeth's Harmatia is his _____.
A) Fear

B) Ambition

C) Betrayal to King Duncan

D) Passion
Q: According the format of a Shakespearean Tragedy, Macbeth's Harmatia is his _____.
A) Fear

B) Ambition


C) Betrayal to King Duncan

D) Passion
Q: Macbeth's downfall affects Scotland because he is _____.
A) Someone of High Importance

B) A military leader

C) The main character

D) A tragic hero
Q: Which of the following is a quote by Macbeth, in which he first expresses his true ambitious self?
A) “Where our desire is got without content:/ ‘Tis safer to be thay which we destroy”

B) “When they first put the name of king upon me,/ And they bade them speak to him; then prophet- like/ They bail’d him a father to line of kings”

C) “Strange things I have in head that will to hand,/ Which must be acted ere they may be scann’d”

D) “I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intent, but only / Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself / And falls on the other.”
Q: Macbeths’ downfall affects Scotland because he is ______.
A) Someone of High Importance

B) A military leader

C) The main character

D) A tragic hero
Q: Which of the following is a quote by Macbeth, in which he first expresses his true ambitious self?
A) “Where our desire is got without content:/ ‘Tis safer to be thay which we destroy”

B) “When they first put the name of king upon me,/ And they bade them speak to him; then prophet-like/ They bail’d him a father to line of kings”

C) “Strange things I have in head that will to hand,/ Which must be acted ere they may be scann’d”

D) “I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intent, but only / Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself / And falls on the other.”
Q: Which of the following quotes expresses Macbeths’ realization of his mistake (his catharsis)?
A) “That when the brains were out, the man would die”

B) "The mind I sway by and the heat I bear/ Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear”

C) Accursed be that tongue that tells me so,/ For it hath cow’d my better part of man!/ And these juggling fiends no more believed/ That palter with us in a double sense.”

D) "If thou speak’st false/ Upon the next tree shalt thou hang alive”
Q: Which of the following quotes expresses Macbeths’ realization of his mistake (his catharsis)?
A) “That when the brains were out, the man would die”

B) The mind I sway by and the heat I bear/ Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear”

C) Accursed be that tongue that tells me so,/ For it hath cow’d my better part of man!/ And these juggling fiends no more believed/ That palter with us in a double sense.”

D) "If thou speak’st false/ Upon the next tree shalt thou hang alive”
Third Topic:





HOW MACBETH IS A
TRAGIC HERO
Q: What was Macbeth's tragic flaw?
A) Wanting to become king

B) Listening to his wife

C) His ambition

D) Listening to the witches
Q: What was Macbeth's tragic flaw?
A) Wanting to become king

B) Listening to his wife

C) His ambition

D) Listening to the witches
Q: What makes Macbeth a noble person?

A) The Titles of Thane of Cawdor and Glamis

B) Being King of Scotland

C) Fighting in the war

D) Everyone knows him
Q: What makes Macbeth a noble person?

A) The Titles of Thane of Cawdor and Glamis

B) Being King of Scotland

C) Fighting in the war

D) Everyone knows him
Q: In order for Macbeth to be a tragic hero he has to have what?
A) Nobility

B) Tragic Flaw

C) Great honour

D) High ranking
Q: In order for Macbeth to be a tragic hero he has to have what?
A) Nobility

B) Tragic Flaw

C) Great honour

D) High ranking
Q: What is the definition of a tragic hero?
A) He is tragic

B) Destined for downfall

C) Fights a major battle

D) Dies at the end
Q: What is the definition of a tragic hero?
A) He is tragic

B) Destined for downfall

C) Fights a major battle

D) Dies at the end
Last Topic:




DO WE FEEL PITY FOR MACBETH?
Q: Who informed Macbeth about the prophecies?
A) Lady Macbeth

B) Duncan

C) The Three Witches

D) Macduff
Q: Who informed Macbeth about the prophecies?
A) Lady Macbeth

B) Duncan

C) The Three Witches

D) Macduff
Q: Who passed judgment onto Macbeth?
A) Macduff

B) Malcolm

C) Fleance

D) Nick
Q: Who passed judgment onto Macbeth?
A) Macduff

B) Malcolm

C) Fleance

D) Nick
Q: When Macbeth is slain, the new king is _____.
A) Macduff

B) Malcolm

C) Fleance

D) Donalbain

Q: When Macbeth is slain, the new king is _____.
A) Macduff

B) Malcolm

C) Fleance

D) Donalbain
Q: Lady Macbeth died by ____.
A) The doctor

B) Suicide

C) Lady Macduff

D) Macbeth
Q: Lady Macbeth died by ____.
A) The doctor

B) Suicide

C) Lady Macduff

D) Macbeth
Conclusion
If you can answer these questions, then you have learned something from this presentation and will hopefully answer the question:
"Why is Macbeth considered as a Tragedy?"

What is a Shakespearean tragedy?
What is a format of a Shakespearean tragedy?
How does Macbeth follow this format?
What is a tragic hero?
How is Macbeth a tragic hero?
Do you feel pity for Macbeth at the end of the play?
Is Macduff's Judgement of Macbeth fair?
Works Cited
Books:
Shakespeare, William.
Macbeth
. New York:Washington Press, 1992.

Websites:
Boyce, Charles. "Macduff, Thane of Fife." Bloom's Literature. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 14 Apr. 2014 <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=101973&SID=5&iPin=ffazshak1318&SingleRecord=True>.
Boyce, Charles. "Shakespearean tragedy." Bloom's Literature. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 14 Apr. 2014 <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=101973&SID=5&iPin=Gffazshak2205&SingleRecord=True>.
Full transcript