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Transcript of Family
Eli Espinoza, Gaven Robinson, Jeggs Lucena
What is Family?
There is no clear cut definition as to what a family is there are only theories. George Murdock:"a social group characterized by common residence, economic cooperation, and reproduction. it includes adults of both sexes, at least two whom maintain a socially approved relationship, and one or more children, owned or adopted, of the cohabiltating adults".
"A nuclear family consist of a mother, father, and kids"
Extended family consist of two or more nuclear families. for example husband and wife live in the same household with their unmarried kin
"Traditional Family"aka Nuclear Family
The family is an adaptive unit mediating between the individual and society.
the family meets the needs of individuals for personal growth, development, and physical and emotional integrity.
Dimensions of family
General systems Theory
Which is based on analyzing the family as a total system that has an impact on all its members
still being used in psychiatry, psychology and family therapy
Hills four qualities for making it possible to study the family as a system :
family members occupy various interdependent positions, that is, a change in the behaviour of one member leads to a change in the behaviour of other members
The family is relatively closed, boundary-maintaining unit
The family is an equilibrium-seeking and adaptive organization
The family is a task-performing unit that meets both the requirements of external agencies in the society and the internal needs and emands of its members
it the family is functional,it is only to the extent that it helps maintain unequal relationships that are based on the power of some individuals, or classes of individuals, over others
Sociologists og the latter school do not limit their analyzes to the identification of inequalities in the family.
it differs from all other theories, including conflict theory because it used gender, rather than the individual or class as the most important factor in analyzing families
gender shapes our individual identities which are played out in school, families etc...
gender is essentially about power as it determines the expectations for males and females
expectations reinforces patriarchcal the hierarchy based on the domination and oppression of women by men and that play an important role in shaping "family norms"
families are " arenas" in when people struggle to pursue different interest
families: patriarchal system
women feel inequalities
families as unified groups promotes familism, an ideology that presupposes "traditional" family norms
Recent Changes in Canadian Families:
Women in the workforce
the most dramatic change in families is the increase of two income families
in 1961 20% of families had dual income as of now 62% of canadian families now need both parents to provide for the family
July 20th bill C-38 issued in favor for same sex marriage
Changes in family structure
women are choosing to have kids later in life... school, careers etc...
some families are unable to have children, also eventually children leaves for school, leaving their parents to gain some freedom
economic pressure of family, changing attitudes regarding the role of women leads couples tp not have children
Argues that the family is an important institution that maintains social stability
Equality for gays and lesbian everywhere(EGALE) argued in favor for same-sex marriage as a human rights issue
what would be the reason why family rules change for teenagers
why is it that parents think its easier to run their family while their kids are still young.