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Art in the 20th & 21st centuries goes collectively wiggy--from "What counts as art?" on

Due to the size of this and how it's needed to evolve and grow, I've split off the beginning. It can be found here: http://prezi.com/ev961wz7gpqv/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy

'trie blasingame

on 21 March 2015

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Transcript of Art in the 20th & 21st centuries goes collectively wiggy--from "What counts as art?" on

What factors could have lead to the vast array of styles of art that appears in the 20th and 21st centuries?
Industrial Revolution
The Spanish Civil War
World War I & II
Psycho-analytic theory
Marx and the Rise of Socialism
Colonization and Post-Colonialism
Mass Communication
Post-modernism (and subsequently, post-postmodernism)
World Wide Revolutions (part 2)
Quantum Physics
Philosophical Revolutions
Paul Cezanne to Greg “Craola” Simkins (or there abouts)
Spanning 100+ years of art and artists
What are some of the 20th Century art movements?
Movements in Twentieth-Century:
Art Before World War II
Die Brücke
Deutscher Werkbund
Cubism (Analytic and Synthetic)
Der Blaue Reiter
De Stijl
Art Deco
Surrealism (Automatism, Veristic, and Assemblage)
Harlem Renaissance
American Scene Painting (Regionalists and Social Realists)
Movements in Twentieth-Century:
Art After World War II
Abstract Expressionism (Action Painting and Color Field Painting)
Op Art
Pop Art
Conceptual Art
Performance Art
Earth Art

What is art?

So, the question is--
art /hrt/ noun
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art; an art collection.
a field, genre, or category of art: Dance is an art.
Definition of “art”
It goes ding when there's stuff.
Art in the 20th & 21st
centuries is wibbly-woobly, arty-warty.

Still Life with Skull (Nature morte au crane), 1895-1900
The Hunter
Is art decorative?
Henri Matisse, The Red Studio, 1911
Is art artifice?
Malevich, from The Black Square series, 1912
View of the 0.10 exhibition, the suprematist section with the Black Square directly in the corner, 1915
Mother of God of Feodorov
Russian icon, 17th c.
Kazimir Malevich, Black Square, c. 1923
Is art revolutionary?
Guernica, Pablo Picasso , 1937
The Barack Obama "Hope" poster is an image of Barack Obama designed by artist Shepard Fairey, which was widely described as iconic and came to represent the 2008 Obama presidential campaign. It consists of a stylized stencil portrait of Obama in solid red, beige and (pastel and dark) blue, with the word "progress", "hope", or "change" below (and other words in some versions).
Is art political protest?
Occupy Wall Street by Lalo Alcaraz
Occupy Together
the Occupy Chairs series, Sebastian Errazuriz, 2012
Each Occupy Chair is a replica of a real sign used by protesters at Occupy Wall Street. Artist Sebastian Errazuriz created Occypy Chairs first as protest sign and fold out furniture to help occupy public spaces.

The second objective of the project is to occupy the homes of the 1% with the message of the 99%.

The artist wishes to support the 99% by inviting collectors (representing the 1%) to purchase the complaints as art or furniture, thus introducing the ideas of one group in the homes of another and at the same time getting the rich to support the cause of the 99%.

As a double-sided mirror the Occupy Chairs also explore the potential for these complaints against the richest one percent to be transformed into glamorous fashionable catch phrases in design-art pieces that celebrate the exclusive luxury market.
Part of the sales of the Occupy Chairs will go to help the occupy [sic] movement.

The artist chose to deliberately not disclose whether he will donate 99 percent of the proceeds, or give into his greed and only donate 1 percent; thus questioning if his own motives will be to support the ideals of the 99% or pursue the wealth and fame of the 1%.
Is art arbitrary?
Scott Treleaven, Untitled (abraxas), 2009
Scott Treleaven, tulip (II), 2007
Is art real?
Nan Goldin, “Misty and Jimmy Paulette in a Taxi, NYC” (1991)
Is art kitsch-y?
Jeff Koons, Balloon Rabbit (Violet),
Is art ironic?
The Fountain, Duchamp, 1917
Is art silly?
Blessed Saint Architeuthis, Skot Olsen, 2008
Is art a reflection of popular culture?
MILK aka Chiara Bautista
What counts as art?
Do monuments count as art?
Vietnam War Memorial at Night, Washington DC, Maya Ying Lin
The Soldiers by Frederick Hart
Do music videos count as art?
Do TV shows and movies count as art?
Stargate: Atantis
Ginger Snaps
Frank Lloyd Wright, Detroit Institute of Arts
Do comics count as art?
Do manga and anime count as art?
Bunny comic, Huw "Lem" Davies
Kawaii Not, Meghan Murphy
Petshop of Horrors,
Matsuri Akino
Yasuhiro Nightow
Do fan creations count as art?
Falcon Girl, James Hance
SPN_Genderbent Lineup, alexisneo
Jo, Ellen, Ruby, Bobby, Castiel, Dean, Sam, Gabriel, Lucifer, Anna and Crowley
Do mass produced products count as art?
Does graffiti count as art?
werewolf!Stiles, creature13
Agata Oleksiak, aka Olek, “Charging Bull” statue near Wall Street
Do crafts count as art?
Mandy Greer, The Slug Princess, 2008
What do we think art is?
Vincent van Gogh: Terrasse du café le soir, Place du forum, Arles (1888)
Vincent van Gogh, Almond Blossom, 1890
Piet Modrian, Image Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue, 1921
Piet Modrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie, 1942-43
Giacometti. Portrait of Caroline. 1962
Alberto Giacometti Nose 1947
Gustav Klimt, Hygieia, Goddess of health
Gustav Klimt, The Tree of Life, Stoclet Frieze, c.1909
Art Nouveau,
De Maison l’Art Nouveau in Paris
Art Deco, Chicago
Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright, 1936, Prairie School
Frank Lloyd Wright, Detroit Institute of Arts
Marcel Duchamp, Boîte-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase)
Marcel Duchamp, bottle rack (ready made), 1914
The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even, Marcel Duchamp 1915-1923
Marchel Duchamp, Etant donnes
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy Light Space Modulator
Meret Oppenheimer, Breakfast in Fur, 1936
A version of Marcel Breuer’s 'Wassily' chair, originally designed for Kandinsky’s staff house in 1925
Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram (1955-1959) Freestanding Combine
Robert Rauchenberg, Bed
Bruce Nauman, Carrousel, 1988
Morgan, Sarah Moon
Still from Sarah Moon's Still
Sarah Moon
Albert Paley
Lynda Benglis, Eridanus 1984
Lynda Benglis, Wing
“Trio” at Van Abbemuseum, Lynda Benglis
Louise Bourgeois, In and Out
Louise Bourgeois, Maman (1999)
Lee Bontecou, Mobile
Francis Bacon, figure with meat, 1954
Francis Bacon, “Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion” (ca. 1944)
Annette Messager. The Story of Dresses, 1990
Annette Messager, Installation, Mixed media
Mike Kelley
Nick Cave, Soundsuits
A Sum of its Parts: 4 in 2 halves is equal to 1 (crocheted continuous fiberglass roving coated with polyester resin) by Yvette Kaiser Smith
“Dare alla Luce” by Mandy Greer
Mandy Greer – Mater Matrix Mother Medium
Su Blackwell
Alexander McQueen
Mike Hussar
Jessica Joslin
dunnies, kidrobot, artist vinyl toys
Aya Kato, Cinderella: Metamorphosis
Aya Kato, Little Red Riding Hood: Encounter
The Sorceress, Camilla d'Errico
Donnie Darko, Camilla d'Errico
MPH Artist Series Poketo Wallet : Julie West
Malamor, MILK aka Chiara Bautista
Oh my deer, MILK aka Chiara Bautista
Mark Ryden, Summers Day Picnic
Mark Ryden, Homage to The Grinch Who Stole Christmas
Chris Ryniak
Greg “Craola” Simkins
Can we be reconciled with this definition of art?
art /hrt/ noun
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art; an art collection.
a field, genre, or category of art: Dance is an art.
Mark Rothko, Chapel
Mark Rothko, Orange and Yellow
For more on Video Art:

Further Reading for Participatory Culture:

In lieu of life: A fandom manifesto by hesychasm
I'm done explaining why fanfiction is okay by bookshop
Confessions of an Aca-fan: The official weblog of Henry Jenkins
Slayage: The Journal of the Whedon Studies Association
Refractory: A Journal of Entertainment Media
Rhizomes: Cultural Studies in Emerging Knowledge
In this video, not only is there the typical combination of edited scenes from the origin text to create a new narrative, but they are also combined with a third text--in this case, a monologue from Queer as Folk--as a voice over turning a potentially ambiguous narrative into an unambiguous narrative arc.
In the case of this video, there is--again--the typical combination of origin text edited to construct a narrative, but there is a third, non-visual media text interwoven throughout the narrative, to shape the narrative (i.e., stanza 24 of "You are Jeff" by Richard Siken [http://yupnet.org/siken/2008/03/18/7/]) and the added texture of a classical, acoustic cover by the classical pop ensemble Aston of Lana del Rey's "Born to Die."
A Very Potter Musical

for the whole musical go to [http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC76BE906C9D83A3A]
A Very Potter Sequel

for the whole musical go to [http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL86C718AEE71C9DE9]
The Lizzie Bennet Diaries (an adaptation of Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice"

for the full series, go to
Fan Activism
is an interesting outcome of Participatory Culture and ranges from raising awareness about the inequalities that exist between sex, gender, class, and ethinicity as well as LGTBQ(IA) issues, feminism, sexism, and so forth.
The Hawkeye Initiative
's (http://thehawkeyeinitiative.com/) mission is to "fix every 'Strong Female Character' pose in superhero comics" by the application of The Hawkeye Test:
If your female character can be replaced by Hawkeye in the same pose without looking silly or stupid, then it’s acceptable and probably non sexist. If you can’t, then just forget about it. (http://thehawkeyeinitiative.com/post/37101781024/thehawkeyetest)
Article about THI--http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21033708
"Posing like a fantasy woman"
What about taxidermy?
Taxidermy art and horse couture by Iris Shieferstein
Multiscape by Pim Palsgraaf
Lisa Black’s Steampunk Taxidermy
Brooke Weston’s Taxidermy Dioramas
Further reading:
Hildur Bjarnadottir
Marina Abramovic's revisitation of "The Artist Is In" in her 2010 MoMA Retrospective: here meeting again, after 30-ish years, her once-collaborator/partner Ulay. Abramovic is considered to be the grandmother of Performance Art.
Abramovic's most famous, and controversial, performance where she turned herself, The Artist, into The Object of Objectification, literally.
Further Reading:
Hi Fructose--hifructose.com/
Art in America--www.artinamericamagazine.com/
A lot of fanvids exist as a means of trauma writing--the trauma of the show or the viewer's/creator's life. The Fannibals (i.e., the Hannibal fandom) is particularly known for this sort of creation.

***Okay, so this is from Hannibal, which means graphic is graphic, and when I say graphic, I mean omg--why. So, be warned.***

So, whereas the last couple of fanvids are culminations of three texts, this Hannibal crackvid is two texts: Hannibal and another vid called "Don't Hug Me I'm Scared" (http://youtu.be/9C_HReR_McQ), which is also supremely cracky.
***Remember that there's an extended treatise on the definition of art here: http://prezi.com/vchkrhd_825-/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy.

In case, ya know, y'all need a reminder.
clip from Bartok's
Bluebeard's Castle
performed at The Met Opera (2015)
excerpts/interviews with principle dancers for the Bolshoi's production of
Romeo and Juliet
Carmilla (part adaptation, part modern AU, part college AU, all brilliant)

for the full series, go to
Full transcript