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Unit 2 The Cold War
Transcript of Unit 2 The Cold War
Ch 12 VOC
For each of the terms listed to the right:
1. Write out the sentence it appears in the text.
2. Write your own sentence that uses the term correctly.
3. Draw a picture to represent the term.
How did WWII lead to rising tensions between the winning powers of the war and what was the impact on American society and the world?
• U.S., U.S.S.R. have very different economic, political systems
• Stalin resents that U.S. delayed attacking Germany and hid atom bomb
The United Nations
• 1945, United Nations established as new peacekeeping body
• UN becomes arena where U.S., U.S.S.R. compete
Truman Becomes President
• Harry S. Truman succeeds FDR as president
• As vice-president, Truman was not included in policy decisions
- was not told about atom bomb
The Potsdam Conference
• July 1945 conference with U.S., Great Britain, Soviet Union
• Stalin does not allow free, multiparty elections in Poland
- bans democratic parties
Bargaining at Potsdam
• Truman becomes convinced that U.S., Soviet aims deeply at odds
• Soviets want reparations from Germany; Truman objects
• Agree to take reparations mainly from own occupation zones
• U.S. emerges from war as great economic power
- wants Eastern European raw materials, markets
Soviets Tighten Their Grip on Eastern Europe
• Soviet Union also has great economic, military strength
• Unlike U.S., Soviet Union suffered heavy devastation on own soil
• Installs communist rule in satellite nations, countries it dominates
• 1946, Stalin announces war between communism, capitalism inevitable
United States Establishes a Policy of Containment
• U.S. policy of containment—measures to prevent spread of communism
• Churchill describes division of Europe as iron curtain
Cold War in Europe
The Truman Doctrine
• 1945–1991 Cold War—conflict between U.S., U.S.S.R.
- neither nation directly confronts the other on battlefield
• Truman Doctrine—support against armed minorities, outsiders
• U.S. replaces British aid to Greece, Turkey; reduce communist threat
The Marshall Plan
• 1947, Sec. of State George Marshall proposes aid to nations in need
• Marshall Plan revives 16 nations; Communist parties less appealing
Superpowers Struggle over Germany
The Berlin Airlift
• 1948, Stalin closes highway, rail routes into West Berlin
• Berlin airlift—Britain, U.S. fly food, supplies into West Berlin
• 1949, Stalin lifts blockade
• Federal Republic of Germany,
German Democratic Republic form
The NATO Alliance
• Fear of Soviets leads to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
• European nations, U.S., Canada pledge mutual military support
The Cold War
*Competing US /USSR economic and political systems
*Soviets dominate Eastern Europe
*US establishes containment
*Communists take over China
*Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan aid to Europe
*NATO and Warsaw Act
*Arms race begins
*Tension over Germany
*Anti-Communism at home
*Superpowers compete for world power
*Space race begins
CNN Cold War Episode 3 22 min
Airlift Saves Blockaded Berlin
Answer the questions on pg. 403 in Thinking Critically and hand in on your way out of the room!
Civil War starts in China
South Korea becomes an independent nation controlled by US and North Korea by Soviets
38th Parallel Created
Mao Zedong (Communist) defeats Chiang Kai-Shek (Nationalist) in Chinese Civil War
North Korea invades South Korea
Communists capture Seoul
Cease-fire is signed
Armistice is signed and war ends
as a stalemate
*Mao Zedong and Communists defeat Chiang Kai-Shek and Nationalists in China.
*Korean War began on June 25, 1950 after the North Korean troops invaded past the 38th Parallel and into South Korea.
*Douglas MacArthur led United Nations (U.N.) Forces against N. Korea.
*Chinese aided in pushing U.N. troops out of N. Korea and fighting continued for two years.
*The Soviets suggested a cease-fire in 1951 which was ended after two years of negotiations in 1953.
*And the war ended… Or did it?
*A race for the H-bomb between Soviets and America led to brinkmanship: or the willingness to go to the edge of war.
*Or at least to give CIA training and weapons to other countries to be at the brink or edge of war and fight communism.
*Latin America in Guatemala.
*Middle East in Iran and later Afghanistan, Egypt and Israel.
*Will it ever end????
Causes of Fear
Effects of Fear
Fear of Communism
Rise of communist
Discovery of spies selling secrets
Soviets test A-Bomb
HUAC created to look for Communists within.
Hollywood starts and others blacklisted for not talking.
McCarthyism and accusing Democrats for treason
“1960-1964: Poisoned Dreams” The American Century Series
CNN Cold War Series Episode 9 “The Wall”
CNN Cold War Series Episode 10 “Cuba”