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Transcript of Organic Chemistry
4 Types of Organic Molecules:
the study of the composition and properties of matter.
Makes up everything, living or non-living!
The study of the composition and properties of LIVING matter
The smallest unit of an element
pure substance containing 1 type of atom.
Two or more
Ex: Water (H2O)
2 Hydrogen Atoms
1 Oxygen Atom
Oxygen or O2
- Molecules that contain Carbon and Hydrogen atoms
- May also contain: oygen, nitrogen, sulfur or phosphorous.
- Living things are composed of and need organic molecules in order to survive.
- Molecules that do NOT contain Carbon and Hydrogen.
- Examples: H2O
Pastas and Cereals
Fruits and Vegetables
Used for energy!
Fancy word for Sugars
Simple Sugars are converted into ATP during respiration.
How Do I Know I am
Looking at a Carbohydrate?
The name ends in __-__-__
C H O
6 12 6
a sugar with two ______________
Polysacharide- a sugar with
three or more ______________
a sugar with one ______________
1. Make Enzymes
2. Components of cell membranes, hair, nails
3. Hormones - insulin
4. Pigments -
Hemoglobin (Red in Blood)
Chlorophyll (Green in plants)
Melanin (Brown in skin)
5. Neurotransmitters -
chemicals released between nerve cells
A Protein is composed of subunits called _________ _______
How Do I Know I am
Looking at a Lipid?
2. Carboxyl Group - one "wing"
3. Hydrogen - off the top or bottom
4. "R" Group - random variable group
1. Amino Group - one "wing"
most proteins are 200-300 amino acids long
The atoms maybe arranged in the shape of an E
A lipid is composed of 4 subunits: 3 fatty acid chains and 1 glycerol
Stored Energy (back-up).
Component of cells membrane
Insulation on nerve cells.
Insulation to keep us warm!
FYI on Fats
1. _________________: is “animal fat” that is very tasty, but very unhealthy.
Ex: butter, Lard---both solid at room temp.
2. _________________: is “plant fat” that is not as yummy, but healthier!
Ex: olive oil, canola oil, soy bean oil---liquid at room temp.
The heredity or genetic material for all life on earth.
C H O N P S
- Living things also need inorganic molecules in order to survive.
Fancy Word for fats
synthesized in nucleus