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Prevention an overview

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Mentor UK

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Prevention an overview

Why prevention is the key to public health
Young people and risky behaviour
As children grow up
the choices they make can have long-lasting impacts
Drug use
Sexual health
Crime and anti-social behaviour
Disengagement from school
and get more independence
These issues are all inter-related
Some young people take few risks with their health and wellbeing.
For others it is a phase they grow out of.
But some do significant harm to themselves and others.
Taking action here
Or even here
is a lot cheaper than tackling problems at this stage
How can we make a difference?
Youth work
Health and social services
Dislike of school and missing school are also strongly linked to risk of young motherhood
Young people who drink regularly, smoke and/or take illegal drugs have a higher risk of becoming involved in anti-social behaviour and crime
Drinking alcohol is linked to risky sexual behaviour.
And young people who skip school...
...are more likely to drink
and vice-versa
Use our knowledge about what puts young people at risk and what keeps them safe
Disengagement from school is also linked to involvement in crime and anti-social behaviour.
are closely linked.
Public health has a key role in coordinating all this.
Of 15 year olds who smoked in the past week, half took drugs in the previous month.
Health risk behaviours of adolescence
Mentor has put together briefing papers to help make the case for prevention and set out effective approaches
Take the best research evidence of what works in prevention and early intervention
Combine targeted help for young people most at risk with universal interventions to help shift social norms
Work where young people are - schools, families, communities. Use resources effectively through joined up working...
Drug and Alcohol Prevention
An overview
Andrew Brown
Director of Programmes
Mentor Foundation UK
Four (Evidence Based) School Programmes
Good Behaviour Game
Preventure / Adventure
Strategy to increase attachment to school in Year 2 and 3
Key Findings: At age 13, reduced initiation of smoking by 26% and of hard drugs by more than half. At age 19, increased the likelihood of high school graduation by 21% and of college attendance by 62%.
A universal life skills prevention curriculum
Personality based selective intervention
High-risk students (in intervention schools) were at a 29% reduced risk of drinking, 43% reduced risk of binge drinking and 29% reduced risk of problem drinking compared to high-risk students in control schools.
The trial:
21 schools in London
A total of 2,548 year-10 students (average age 13.8 years) were classed as high or low-risk of developing future alcohol dependency.
Those classed as high-risk fit one of four personality risk profiles: anxiety, hopelessness, impulsivity or sensation seeking.
All students were monitored for their drinking behaviour over two years.
Additionally, over the two year period, low-risk teenagers in the intervention schools, who did not receive the intervention, were at a 29% reduced risk of taking up drinking and 35% reduced risk of binge drinking compared to the low-risk group in the non-intervention schools.
Helping parents to restrict early access to alcohol and drunkenness
A brief presentation to parents which aims to support restrictive attitudes towards early alcohol use and drunkenness.
Delivered in school, leading to parents agreeing rules, followed up with letters and meetings twice a year.
DfE commissioned service to support schools around evidence based information, advice and tools.
Partnership between Mentor, Drugscope and Adfam.

Web-based resources and blog
Briefings and guidance
Regional seminars
Practitioners network
http://mentor-adepis.org/ @MentorADEPIS adepis@mentoruk.org
Prenatal & Infancy
Visiting pre and post birth
(Selective) **
Targeting pregnant women with substance misuse problems
(Selective) *
Early Childhood
Early childhood education
(Selective) ****
Middle Childhood
Early Adolescence
Parenting Skills
(Universal and Selective) ****
Personal & social skills
(Universal) ***
Prevention education based on personal skills and social influence
(Universal and Selective) ***
Classroom management
(Universal) ***
School policies and culture
(Universal) **
Policies to keep children in school
(Selective) **
Addressing individual vulnerabilities
(Indicated) **
Alcohol and tobacco policies
(Universal) *****
Community based multi-component initiatives
(Universal and Selective) ***
Media campaigns
(Universal and Selective) *
(Selective) *
Entertainment venues
(Universal) **
Workplace prevention
(Universal, Selective, Indicated) ***
Brief Interventions
(Indicated) ****
Prenatal & Infancy
Early Childhood
Middle Childhood
Early Adolescence
Full transcript