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Individual vs. Group Behavior

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Huong Nguyen

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Individual vs. Group Behavior

Individual vs. Group Behavior
Group Behavior
Definition
References
"Individual versus Group Behavior." Serendip.brynmawr.edu. Serendip,
n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
Hayward, Sam. "Group Projects More Advantageous than Individual
Work." The Oracle. N.p., Jan. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
Jex, Steve &; Britt, Thomas (2008). Organizational Psychology: A
Scientist-Practitioner Approach (Second ed.). Hoboken,
New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 341–365.
Roy, Neelima. "Individual Behavior." Individual Behavior. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.

Definition
Types of groups
Characteristic
Why do people join group?

Huong Nguyen (Grace) & Phuong Bui (Phebe)
September 23, 2013

Outline
Definition
Characteristics
Group Behavior
Individual Behavior
Advantages & Disadvantages
References
Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives
A combination of responses to external and internal stimuli
Influenced Factors
- Genetic/Inherited
- Learn characteristics
+ Physical characteristics: height, eye color, hair color, skin, etc.
+ Religion
+ Race
+ Social Group
+Perception
+Attitude
+Personality
+Values
+Emotions
Types of Groups
1. Formal groups
2. Informal groups
Formal Group
A designated work group defined by organization's structure.
Command Group
A group composed of the individuals who report directly to a given manager.
Task Group
Those working together to complete a job or task.
Informal
A group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined; appears in response to the need for social contact.
Interest Group
Those working together to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned.
Friendship Group
Those brought together because they share one or more common characteristics.
Why do people join groups?
- Survival and Security:
Ex: hunting, defense
- Affiliation and Status: membership into various of groups can provide individuals with certain social status or security.
- Power and control: opportunities for leadership roles
- Achievement: groups have the capability to achieve more than individuals acting alone.
Characteristics
- Interdependence
- Social interaction: verbal or nonverbal communication
- Perception of a group: All members must agree they are parts of a group
- Commonality of purpose: Serve or attain a common goal

Pros and Cons
Pros
- More complete information
- Increased diversity of views
- Increase productivity and quality
- Responsibility is shared
- Advices from members
Cons
- Free riders
- Group think
- Herding effect
- Inflexible timing
Individual Behavior
"Behavior is the mirror in which everyone shows their image"

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe


Can you think of any Pros and Cons of Group/Individual work?
Group Behavior
Full transcript