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Medieval/ Middle English

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Sarah Cantu

on 16 October 2017

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Transcript of Medieval/ Middle English

Medieval/ Middle English
& The Canterbury Tales

Historical Background
Crusades bring the development of a money economy for the first time in Britain.
Trading increases dramatically as a result of the Crusades.
William the Conqueror crowned king in 1066.
Henry III crowned king in 1154 brings a judicial system, royal courts, juries, and chivalry to Britain.


Literary Style
Kennings
Frame Story
a narrative providing the framework for connecting a series of otherwise unrelated stories. A story within a story
Satire
uses irony, humor, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose/criticize people's stupidity or vices.
Geoffrey Chaucer
The Father of English Poetry
Wrote in the vernacular (everyday English as opposed to Latin or French)



The Canterbury Tales
A novel length poem about a group of people making the pilgrimage to Canterbury, England to visit the shrine of St. Thomas Becket.


Content of the Time Period
Plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and religion.
Chivalric code of honor.
Romances.
Religious devotion.
Fun Facts
Chaucer was a POW during the Hundred Years War.
He is the first poet buried in the Poet’s Corner of Westminster Abbey.
There’s a crater on the far side of the moon named for Chaucer.


The Prologue
The Prologue: Introduces us to the premise of the story and all the characters- all 30 of them!
The host of The Tabard Inn sets a challenge for all of the pilgrims.
The Challenge: each pilgrim will tell 2 stories on the way to Canterbury and 2 on the way back.
The pilgrim that tells the best story will be treated to a feast hosted by the other pilgrims
Five ideals, Chaucer treats seriously (Knight, Squire, Clerk, Parson, Plowman);
Some he pokes fun at (Prioress, Monk, Wife of Bath);
Some is quiet about; short portraits with no personal view coming through (Prioress's entourage);
Some not very good; Chaucer is just a little negative (Shipman, Manciple);
Hardened sinners, all of them religious officials (Friar, Pardoner, Summoner)

The Pilgrims
What is it?
Left Page Activity
Draw a picture of your pilgrim. Be mindful of the type of clothes he/she would wear.
Answer the following questions in your notebook:
What quote or motto does your pilgrim live by?
What kind of story would your pilgrim tell? What would be the moral of the story?
Where we were
Full transcript