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First Nine Weeks Vocabulary

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Cara Swaim

on 5 October 2016

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Transcript of First Nine Weeks Vocabulary

Topic Sentence
The first sentence (of a paragraph) that tells the topic, or main idea, of the paragraph.
Supporting Detail Sentence
Supporting detail sentences are the middle sentences in a paragraph that give you more information about the topic sentence, or main idea.
Concluding Sentence
A concluding sentence is the last sentence of a paragraph in which the topic sentence is repeated using different words.
First Nine Weeks Vocabulary
For Miss Shaw's Class
Complete Sentence
A complete sentence is a sentence with a subject, predicate, and complete thought.

A verb is a word (such as jump, think, happen, or exist ) that is usually one of the main parts of a sentence and that expresses an action, an occurrence, or a state of being.
A noun is a word that is the name of something (such as a person, animal, place, thing, quality, idea, or action) and is typically used in a sentence as subject or object of a verb or as object of a preposition.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun.

An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a sentence and that is often used to show time, manner, place, or degree
A numeral is a symbol expressing a number. (1,2,3, not one, two three)
Plural Noun
A plural noun is a noun relating to a form of a word that refers to more than one person or thing.
Proper Noun
A proper noun is a word or group of words (such as “Noah Webster,” “Kentucky,” or “U.S. Congress”) that is the name of a particular person, place, or thing and that usually begins with a capital letter.
A series in a sentence is a number of things or events that are arranged or happen one after the other.
An appositive is a word or phrase that renames the noun.
Adverbial Clause
An adverbial clause is a group of words that function as an adverb. The clause can modify verbs, adverbs and adjectives by telling when, where, why, how, how much and under what condition. They begin with a subordinating conjunction (such as after, if, because and although) and they contain a subject and a predicate.
Dependent Clause
A dependent clause is part of a sentence (separated with a comma) that contains a subject and a predicate but does not make a complete sentence on its own.
Preposition/Prepositional Phrase
Prepositions are either a word or group of words that are used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object.

A conjunction is a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
An interjection is a spoken word, phrase, or sound that expresses sudden or strong feeling.

A contraction is a short form of a word or word group that is made by leaving out a sound or letter.
Declarative Sentence
A declarative sentence is a sentence that is a simple statement ending in a period.

Imperative Sentence
An imperative sentence is a sentence that is a command or request ending in a period.

22. Interrogative Sentence: An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question ending in a question mark.

23. Exclamatory Sentence: An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that shows a strong emotion ending in an exclamation mark.

24. Subject: The subject in a sentence is who or what the sentence is about.

25. Predicate: The predicate in a sentence is what the subject is or does.

26. Complete Subject: The complete subject is all of the words in the subject.

27. Complete Predicate: The complete predicate is all of the words in the predicate.

28. Simple Subject: The simple subject is the main word in the complete subject.

29. Simple Predicate: The simple predicate is the main word in the complete predicate.

30. Compound Subject: A compound subject contains two or more simple subjects with the same predicate

31. Compound Predicate: A compound predicate contains two or more simple predicates that have the same subject.

32. Simple Sentence: A simple sentence has a subject and predicate, expresses a complete thought, and can stand alone.

33. Compound Sentence: A compound sentences is a sentence with more than one subject and predicate.

34. Conjunction: A conjunction is a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause (FANBOYS) - for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).

35. Independent Clause: An independent clause is part of sentence (separated with a comma) that makes a complete sentence on its own.

36. Fragment: A fragment is not a complete sentence, may be missing a subject or predicate, may be a dependent clause, and is not a complete thought.

37. Run-On Sentence: A run-on sentence has two complete sentences (independent clauses) joined together without proper punctuation.
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