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Transcript of Coral Bleaching
By Kamryn Hawkins
What is it?
Coral and algae have a symbiotic relationship where the algae lives in the coral for protection and the coral uses the the algae as food and it gives it it's color.
When the algae feels is under stress it then leaves the coral and the color is gone. The coral doesn't die, but it doesn't have an easy access to food and is then more susceptible to disease.
What causes it?
Runoff and Pollution
Extremely Low Tides
Red dots are sever areas.
Green area is direct responsibility to for the reef conditions
Eastern Indian Ocean
What is coral good for?
Shelters 25% of marine species
Supports fishing industries
Provide tourist dollars
Undiscovered medical breakthrough
How can you help?
Walk, bike or public transportation
Plant a tree
Donate to any of many organizations that are for coral protection
$9.6 million dollar total net income
Damage to reefs
Millions of Jobs
It might be good!
Some people believe that coral will bleach its self to get rid of weak algae to make run for new and better algae. They also believe that once coral has been bleached then it has a higher likelihood of surviving in the future.
Laws and Policies
Coral Reef Conservation Act of 2000
Florida Reef Resilience Program
Executive Order of 1998
Bill Clinton "to preserve and protect the biodiversity, health, heritage, and social and economic value of U.S. coral reef ecosystems and the marine environment."
A collaborative effort among managers, scientists, conservation organizations and reef users to develop resilience –based management strategies for coping with ocean warming and other stresses on Florida's coral reefs.
This provided NOAA with additional authority to undertake a number of activities to understand, manage, and protect coral reef ecosystems by authorizing five major activities: