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Hamlet: Figurative language & Puns

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Paola Marquez

on 16 March 2015

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Transcript of Hamlet: Figurative language & Puns

Act 2
Act 4
Act 5
Act 3
Hamlet: Figurative language & Puns
Figurative language:
Act 1
Figurative language:
Hamlet: "I have heard of your paintings too, well enough. God hath given you one face, and make yourself another" (3.1.154-156).
Hamlet: "A little more than kin and less than kind." (1.2.69)
Hamlet uses a pun as his response to Claudius whom says, "...But now, my cousin Hamlet, and my son...". He plays on the word kindred. He uses the pun to say that they're related but Claudius isn't nice to him.
Hamlet: "Not so, my lord; I am too much in the sun." (1.2.69)
Here Hamlet plays on the son and sun. Shakespeare uses two words that sound similar but have different meanings since son is someones child while sun is a star.
Queen: If it be, Why seems it so particular with thee? Hamlet: Seems,' madam? Nay, it is. I know not 'seems'. (1.2.77-79)
In this quote Hamlet replies to his mom. The word seems is played with. Hamlet interprets seems as show; he interprets it was 'Why are you putting on a show of grief?" instead of "Why are you acting as of the death was something awful."
Figurative Language:
Hamlet: "From the fair forehead of an innocent love And sets a blister there, makes marriage vows
As false as dicers' oaths- O, such a deed
As from the body of contraction plucks" (3.4.52-56).Hamlet says this in reply to the Queen who doesn't understand his harsh words. He is saying she ruined an innocent marriage filled with genuine love, with a deceitful and hasty marriage.
Hamlet: Heaven's face does glow O'er this solidity and compound mass" (3.4.57-58).
Barnardo: "When yond same star that's westward from the pole Had made his course t' illume that part of heaven Where now it burns," (1.1.43-45)
Personification of the star saying that it was in the same spot as the might before when the Ghost appeared.
Horatio: "Most like. It <harrows> me with fear and wonder. (1.1.151)
Metaphor: It torments him like a rake torments the soil, which makes him terrified hypnotized at the same time.
Marcellus: "whose sore task Does not divide the Sunday from the week." (1.1.86-87)
Personification: It says that the task itself is the persona that is failing to show proper religious observance.
Marcellus: "this sweaty haste Doth make the night joint laborer with the day?" (1.1.88-89)
Personification: The quote says that the need for speed is a task that forces a personified day to worl side by side with the night.
Horation: "young Fortinbras, Of unimproved mettle hot and full, Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there Sharked up a list of lawless resoultes" (1.1.107-110)
Metaphor: It states tha tyoung Fortinbras is like a hot boiling metale that hasn't been made into anything of use yet since he is not battle tested.
Horation: "A mote it is to trouble the mind's eye, In the most high and palmy state of Rome, Alittle ere the mightiest Julius fell, The graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted dead Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets; As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood, Disasters in the sun; and the moist star, Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands, Was sick almost to doosday with eclipse." (1.1.124-132)
Metaphor: There is a comparison in which Horatio compare the Ghost to an irritating dust speak that gets into an eye while the Ghost bothers one mentally by playing with your brain.
Hyperbole: Horatio fears that the Ghost is an omen like an omen which foretold the fall of Caesar. Horatio could be exaggerating and becoming a bit overwhelmed by seeing the Ghost.
King:"O blossom black as death!" (3.3.72).
Hamlet:"With all his crimes broad blown, as flush as may" (3.3.86).
"What, art a heathen? How dost thou understand the Scripture? the Scriptire says Adam digged. Could he dig without arms?(v.1.36-38).
"Indeed, to speak feelingly of him, he is the card or calender of gentry, for you shall find in him the continent of what part a gentleman would see"(v.1.109-11). Osric praises Laertes and portrays him as a person of dignity and honor. Compares Laertes to a business card for the upper class.
Verbal Irony
"How can that be, unless she drowned herself in her own defense"(v.1.5). Shakespeare uses this irony to raise doubt about the circumstances of Ophelia's death.
"In mine ignorance your skill shall like a star I'th' darkest night stick fiery off indeed"(v.2.240-240). Shakespeare includes this simile to depict that Laertes is extremely skilled at fencing and will put up a good fight against Hamlet.
"And let the kettle to the trumpet speak"(v.2.260). Shakespeare included this to signal the beginining of the fencing match and for everyone to drink to Hamlet's health.
Polonius: Hunts not the trail of policy so sure (2.2.50)
Hamlet: For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog, being a good kissing carrion (2.2.197-198)
In order to get his point across Hamlet personifies the sun and uses death imagery.
This could stand for what he thinks of the relationship between his uncle and his mom.
Hamlet: Slanders, sir; for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards; that their faces are wrinkled; their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum; and that they have a plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak hams. All which, sir, though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet I hold it not honesty to have it thus set down; for you yourself, sir, shall grow old as I am if, if like a crab, you could go backward. (2.2.214-222)
Hamlet compares Polonius to a crab. This comparison is made since a crab walks backwards and Hamlet says that instead of Polonius getting wiser as he grows older he is becoming more gullible.

Hamlet:"Let the birds fly and, and the famous ape,
To try conclusions, in the basket creep" (3.4.217).
Figurative Language:
Queen: "Mad as the sea and the wind when both contend" (4.1.7).
What is the effect? Which characters use figurative language? What or Who are they talking about?
King: "But like the owner of a foul disease, To keep it from divulging, let it feed Even on the pith of life" (4.1.22-24).
Hamlet: "Compounded it with dust, whereto 'tis kin" (4.2.6).
Allusion to Genesis (3.19): "thou art dust, and unto dust shalt thou return."
Hamlet: "A knavish speech sleeps in a foolish ear" (4.2.24).
Hamlet: Excellent well. You are a fishmonger. (2.2.190)
A fishmonger was a term that was also used call someone a pimp. Hamlet is using it in the term that Polonius is fishing for answers.
Polonius: What is the matter? Hamlet: Between who? (2.2.2010-211)
Hamlet miss interprets matter. Polonius uses matter as subject; he is asking what's the topic of Hamlet's book but Hamlet interprets it as "What is wrong?".
Hamlet: Then I would you were so honest a man. (2.2.192)
Hamlet plays on the word honest. Honest could be that he doesn't lie and and that he's upright and fair. Honest was also used to refer to a women's virtue. Hamlet plays on this since many think that Hamlet is in love with Ophelia.
Hamlet: Let her not walk i' th' sun. Conception is a blessing, but as your daughter may conceive, friend, look to 't. (2.2.201-203)
Hamlet plays on the word conceive. Conceive could mean to bare a child or it could mean to understand. Hamlet is insulting Polonius through Ophelia; it implies that perhaps Polonius is a fool.
A pun is a play on words in which a writer can produce a humorous effect by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by using words with similar sounds but that have different meanings.
Ex #1 : The life a patient of hypertension is always at
This plays on the words steak and stake.
Ex #2 : A happy life depends on a
This plays on liver, since liver can stand for the organ or the person who lives.
Shakespeare uses figurative language and puns to convey or to express ideas that are to hard to explain. By using them a reader can furthermore understand what the idea is truly about. They are able to see what Shakespeare wants them to see.
In Hamlet most of the characters use figurative language this sets the mood, the setting etc. without out right saying it. It is also used when major symbols and themes are introduced. For example one can pick up on Claudius and Hamlet's relationship due to the language surrounding it.
Although most characters use figurative language one of the characters that uses it the most is Hamlet. Hamlet uses a lot of puns to express what he wants to say. He also uses them as a way to convey his madness. This helps his case as mad and lets readers know what he truly means by his wordplay. Readers can furthermore understand Hamlet through his witty remarks and verbose lines that set a picture for us using various types of figurative language.
Hamlet says this in response to Ophelia's begging to "restore him", Hamlet calls her out as being two faced
Hamlet: "Ay, sir, that soaks up the King's countenance, his rewards, his authorities" (4.2.15-16).
Hamlet uses this pun to express his unhappiness toward Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who were supposed to be his friends and are now showing loyalty to the King.
Figurative Language
is the repetition of the initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables

Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of peppers.
is a big exaggeration, usually with humor.

Ex: I am so hungry, I could eat a horse.
is a comparison between two things by using one kind of object or using in place of another to suggest the likeness between them.

Ex: Her hair was silk.
Some common types of figurative language
is naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it.

Ex: Buzz, hiss, roar, woof, pop.
is giving an inanimate object human qualities.

Ex: The stars dance when its dark.
is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that are often introduced by the words 'like' or 'as'.

Ex: The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the sky.
is when a word, which has a meaning in itself, is used to represent something else entirely different

Ex: The american flag used to represent patriotism.
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