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Parallel Curriculum Model
Transcript of Parallel Curriculum Model
A Unique Curriculum Model
The PCM, collaboratively created by Purcell, Tomlinson, Kaplan, Renzulli, Leppein, and Burns in 1988, is unique because it is a set of four interrelated yet parallel designs for organizing curriculum:
2. Curriculum of
3. Curriculum of
Creative Problem Solving
4. Curriculum of
Novice Level of Learning
is the set of essential knowledge, the skills, and the understanding that are absolutely necessary for students to be able to function in a discipline (language arts, math, social studies, science, etc.)
Apprentice Level of Learning
Practitioners of a Discipline
Helping students function as if they are scholars within a discipline is focus of the third parallel - practice. Alice Water's
The Edible Schoolyard
is an excellent example of a curriculum that takes student learning to this third parallel. Here are two short video clips showing how students practice the art of gardening, animal husbandry, cooking, and food science. The PCM works for ALL students by stretching and challenging them at their level.
PCM: A Powerful Tool
It is my hope that you see the power and promise of this curriculum model to awaken and support a teacher's passion and focused creativity. It also holds great promise for uncovering and supporting the gift and talents of ALL students.
Fosters deep understanding in a discipline
Elicits the metaphoric thinking
required to span the breadth of human knowledge
Advances methodological skills required to contribute to a field
Cultivates the attitudes, values,
and life out-look that are prerequisites
to self-actualization in a field.
PCM - "Experiencing the power of knowledge and our potential role within it"
Students Begin to Become Experts
How can I connect this to MY life? Can I see myself pursuing a career in this discipline? This is where students may start to see themselves in a future career or set of careers based on interest and talent development.
PCM in the Classroom
All of these parallels can be taught at the same time in the same classroom.
Providing depth and breadth to the significance of the learning.
Providing ALL students the opportunities to connect with the assignment -
at different levels of performance
Dr. Rebecca Hayes, Office Chat: Parallel Curriculum - www.youtube.com/watch?v=odfFV2MRbgA
Purcell, Jeanne H. (2008).
Parallel Curriculum Model.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin
Tomlinson, C.A., Kaplan, S.N., Renzulli, J.S., Purcell, J. Leppien, J., & Burn, D. (2002).
The Parallel Curriculum: A design to develop high potential and challenge high-ability learners.
Washington, DC: National Association for Gifted Children
Mindy Hunter, CMP: EDPS 54200
Students will make connections
a discipline and
disciplines. Interdisciplinary Thematic Units are one way to help student make connections in their learning. Teachers will also model connecting the classroom to the "real word", helping students see the authenticity and applications of the skills and knowledge being taught.
1. Content -
The knowledge and skills students are to acquire
2. Assessment -
Tools used to determine the extent students have acquired the content
3. Introduction -
Precursor to a lesson or unit
4. Teaching Methods -
How teachers introduce, explain, model, guide, or assess learning
5. Learning Activities -
Cognitive experiences that help students acquire, rehearse, store, transfer, and apply new knowledge and skills
6. Grouping Strategies -
The arrangement of students
7. Resources -
Materials that support learning and teaching
8. Products -
Performances or work samples that constitute evidence of student learning
9. Extension Activities -
Enrichment experiences that emerge from topics and students' interests
Curriculum modifications to challenge every student at their optimal learning level
11. Lesson and Unit Closure -
Reflection on the lesson to ensure
that the point of the learning experience was achieved or
a connection to the unit's learning goal was made
Implementation in an Elementary Classroom:
An excellent example of interdisciplinary thematic units in the elementary classroom. Music, reading, writing, problem solving, investigation, and technology all taking place...
Alice Water's Edible Schoolyard: Part 1 &2 - www.youtube.com/watch?v=xP2U-vDDd-I
John Schwartz: Thematic Teaching Using Blues Music - www.kidslikeblues.org