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THE GREAT GATSBY

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Daryl Esese

on 31 May 2013

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Transcript of THE GREAT GATSBY

1950s My Favorite Year (1982) 1940s Alcohol
in The Great
Gatsby 1960s 1970s The movie "10" was released in 1979. It's about Moore stars as George Webber, a songwriter who feels “betrayed” by age and dissatisfied with life, despite wealth, success, supportive friends, and a long-time relationship with a theater star (Julie Andrews). While stopped at a traffic light, George happens to catch a fleeting glimpse of a beautiful bride (Bo Derek) in another car, and his general malaise blossoms into a full-on midlife crisis. He becomes obsessed with the girl, but being that "10" is a comedy, George’s attempts at stalking generally degenerate into drunken slapstick. Eventually, bolstered by pain pills and liquid courage, George decides to travel to Mexico to interrupt the girl’s honeymoon. This movie relates because his alcohol abuse threw out the movie just like during the prohibition 1980s the movie cocktail also has a shows alcoholism its about Brian Flanagan, an army veteran freshly out of the service, who is looking to make it rich in NYC. When he is unable to find a lucrative position, due to his lack of education and experience, he takes a bartending job at T.G.I. Friday’s. Cocktail manages to present the worst of the 1980’s-- alcohol greed, machismo, feathered hair, annoying pop songs, and general douche-baggery--in a tight 104-minute package. THE GREAT GATSBY By: Daryl Esese, Domenic Parker, DaVocae Whiteside 1990s 2000s Flight (2012) ~3:35 In the movie 'Flight' the main character, Whip Whitaker, is an airline captain who just so happens to be an alcoholic.
He boards a plane with hundred-two people on it. The plane soon goes into severe turbulence and he manages to crash-land it with only six people dieing in the process. He is deemed a hero by the nation and the media.
The NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board) find two empty vodka bottles in the trash of the plane. Knowing that only the crew had access to the alcohol, the NTSB conduct a toxicology screening on the crew members.
Because of this, Whip has to make a statement on who he thinks drunk the vodka bottles. He is then forced to tell everybody that he drunk the vodka bottles on the plane. He also tells them that he was drunk whilst flying the plane and he is even drunk during the hearing. Soon after, he admits that he is an alcoholic, for the first time during the movie.
Consequently, he has to serve jail time for his actions; but we see him thirteen months later sober and doing better. In this era alcohol is viewed as a substance that damages your brain and impairs your judgement.
It appears that if you do something while being intoxicated, that overrides your actions. 'Flight' is a perfect example of this, in this society.
In this society, being under the influence of alcohol is seen as the only way to have fun, but when you get behind machinery that's when the problem begins. It almost seems like an unwritten rule. I believe the rule is satisfying because if, for example, you are drunk and get behind a car you are putting not just yourself but others in danger. It's a great rule that everybody should follow. Though its not made in the 50s, it is set in that time period. My Favorite Year: The Rooftop Scene Although alcohol was banned in the United States, it was socially acceptable everywhere. It was not some sort of secret that you were drinking alcohol; everybody did, despite it being illegal to possess it. Although Congress did pass the law, the federal government did little to enforce it. This could be shown through speakeasies.
The way people got alcohol was at a speakeasy. A speakeasy is a place that illegally distributes alcohol. A bootlegger is someone who illegally sells alcohol, so they would be the owner of a speakeasy. By 1925, in New York, there were anywhere from 30,00 to 100,000 speakeasies. The movie is about Benjy Stone, a junior writer for a comedy show in the mid-50s. Alan Swan, an actor, is announced that week's guest star; but the problem is that he has a drinking problem. When the show's headliner wants to cancel Swan's appearance, Benjy wishing to save his childhood hero is assigned to babysit Swan and make sure he stays out of trouble and shows up for the broadcast. At the end of the movie, they both learn life lessons from one another. I find this movie very interesting.
Alan Swan kind of has a bad reputation because of his drinking problem. He doesn't try to get better because he hasn't realized that it is in fact a problem. Everybody else doesn't really do anything to stop him to drink alcohol. They tell him not to, but they don't reinforce it.
The fifties viewed alcohol as not a devastatingly bad thing. It was okay to have a few drinks here and there, but as long as it did not ruin your 'image' or get you in trouble, then it was okay.
If you were famous, or someone who was really important, it was deemed okay for you to be a drinker. Smash Up: The Story of a Woman The movie is about Angie Evans, a rising nightclub singer, who gives up her career when her husband's own career began to ascend. Because he becomes more famous, Angie has nothing to do. With nothing left to do and her husband constantly away, Angie begins to drink...a lot. This causes a lot of tension between her, her husband, and everybody else for that matter. And there's violence, too. Smash Up! The Story of a Woman 1:11:05-1:15:30 Some of the movies that included alcohol in the 1940s used it as a comedic piece, something to add comedy to the scene.
Other movies, like this one, from the decade viewed alcohol as something that's very serious and powerful; something that's not to be taken lightly.
As you saw in the movie clip, alcohol can make you have memory loss.
Angie was drunk and started yelling at her husband, accusing him of things he did not do. When she woke up, she could not recall what happened the previous night. This art displays
how alcohol is
influencing the minds of children today.
Children can't escape from it, the advertisements are everywhere, telling them that alcohol is cool and awesome; you always have a good time with alcohol. In the book, Myrtle gets killed by Gatsby's car. Gatsby hints that Daisy was drunk while she was driving the said car. The way Gatsby talks about the incident is so casual.This tells how uneducated they were about alcohol. They did not know much about alcohol and it's effects. They did not take it seriously back then. Congress didn't even enforce the law.
Unlike Gatsby, Nick takes the whole event seriously, He knows and understands the severity of Daisy's actions. At the end of the book he wants Daisy to confess to the murder. He wants her to face the consequences of her actions. "Was Daisy driving?"
"Yes," he said after a moment, "but of course I'll say I was. You see, when we left New York she was very nervous and she thought it would steady her to drive- and this woman rushed out at us just as we were passing a car coming the other way. It all happened in a minute, bu tit seemed to me that she wanted to speak to us, thought we were somebody she knew. Well, fist Daisy turned away from the woman toward the other car, and then she lost her nerve and turned back. The second my hand reached the wheel I felt the shock-it must have killed her instantly." The movie "Treasure Island" is built upon alcohol, specifically rum.While buccaneer Billy Bones is lodging at the Admiral Benbow Inn, he spends his evenings swilling rum and singing. Overindulgence leads to Bones’ death and, Jim Hawkins discovers a treasure map among his possessions. The hero takes to sea in search of pirate gold, he discovers that most of his crew-mates are old shipmates of Bones with plans of mutiny, larceny, and murder. Hawkins listens in on their conversation, but he is almost heard, his neck is saved when the pirates are distracted by their thirst for rum. Rum continues to serve as Hawkins’ ally for the remainder of the movie, as the dim-witted buccaneers are defeated at nearly every situation by their weakness for alcohol. In this, the rum distracts the crew and even kills a man, the point is, alcohol is not a good influence on how to manage and go amongst situations The book teaches us that alcohol leads to undesired things because of our intoxicated condition.
An example from the book would be... In the movie "Chimes at Midnight" Prince Hal affiliates himself with different criminals, thieves, and prostitutes, all under the influence of John Falstaff. Hal isn't happy with his life and warns Falstaff that he will reject his current lifestyle one day, but Falstaff believes that they should think of themselves as gentlemen. King Henry IV (Hal's father) thinks that Falstaff is a mis-leader of youth. Soon, Hotspur is threatening Henry IV, and then, war breaks out, Falstaff is determined to kill Hotspur, at the end of the war, Henry IV dies, leaving Hal to take over as King Henry V, Falstaff is right beside Hal as his ceremony is taking place, and just as the ceremony finishes, Henry V orders the killing of Falstaff. The movie demonstrates the carelessness, crime, and drinking problems of the 60s, but, also shows how that type of lifestyle is accepted because everyone else was in on it. Prohibition in the United States was a national ban on the sale, production, and transportation of alcohol from 1920 to 1933 Alcoholism: A Society's DiseaseAn essay by Mara K. PotterWriter's Craft ISU

"Alcoholism," as defined by Encyclopedia Encarta Online "is a chronic disease marked by a craving for alcohol."
In today's' world, alcohol is readily available to almost anyone who would like to have a few drinks. Because of easy access to alcohol, it should not surprise anyone that alcoholism is as big a problem as it is 1. Alcohol not only has many, many negative effects on the human body and mind, but it is also creating increasing numbers of harmful social effects. Every year there are increasing numbers of families being destroyed, children being abused, people being sexually assaulted and traffic violations associated to alcoholism. Unfortunately, alcoholism doesn't affect everyone the same way. There are physical and social effects to the disease. Each just a detrimental as the other. Timothy Findley, author of "The Last of the Crazy People" and "The Wars", uses alcoholism as an underlying theme in both novels. Through each novel, the reader is able to understand how alcoholism can contribute to the demise of a family member and the destruction of the family itself.
In the novel "The Last of the Crazy People", we as the reader are introduced to the character of Gilbert Winslow, whose alcoholism (at the age of Twenty 2) directly affects the lives of all his family members. In the novel "The Wars", Timothy Findley creates the character of a mother (Mrs. Ross), whose alcoholism becomes apparent after her eldest son prepares to leave for war, and the death of her eldest daughter. Both characters are successful in isolating themselves from the rest of their family. They are not alone, but they are certainly lonely.
There is not one lone cause of alcoholism. The contributing factors that create alcoholics are many, and any combination can increase a person's chance of falling dependant on the substance. Some of the factors that contribute to alcoholism are age, gender, family history, family background, psychological disorders, and even personality traits 3. Any of these factors could increase chances of being an alcoholic, but scientist thus far are unsure of the exact cause of alcoholism, they can only evaluate by studies that the above mentioned factors truly do directly effect those that would be alcoholics.
Alcohol's most commonly known physical affects are illnesses such as cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis, and jaundice (all of which are illnesses of the liver). However, there are much more illnesses that can be just as dangerous that are associated with alcoholism. Such as, heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, gastrointestinal problems, pneumonia, skin disorders, muscle disorders, bone disorders, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and it also increases the hormone level of estrogen in the body (which, in men, can lead to impotence). Alcohol can also cause problems in people with diabetes, people who smoke, those taking almost any type of medication (including aspirin), and those who are pregnant. If that weren't enough, there are also the psychological effects of alcohol. Prolonged use of alcohol in an abusive fashion can increase your chances of neurological disorders. These disorders can vary in intensity from depression and confusion, to full-fledged psychosis. Studies have shown that most of these neurological disorders recede once the person stops drinking for a long period of time. If that weren't enough still, there are the long lasting effects on each of the family members. 4
Once a person is alcohol dependent, their alcoholism begins to effect every part of their life. In "The Wars", Mrs. Ross wanted to say goodbye to her son before he was to leave for Europe, but she was prevented from doing this because of her alcoholism:
"…Mrs Ross put on her opal dress and tried to fix her hair. She dropped a lot of pins on the floor and couldn't see herself in the mirror. She decided to put on a large fur hat that would cover her head and hide the fact that she could not fix her hair the way she wanted to. Then she went into the salon and sat with her legs tucked beneath her in one of the pullman chairs and drank a third of a bottle of scotch. When Mister Ross came in and said it was time to go, Mrs Ross stood up-and fell down. 'I can't,' she said. Her legs had fallen asleep. Mister Ross was determined, nonetheless, that he should go – even if he had to go alone."(The Wars, pg73)
This quote is able to demonstrate how alcoholism prevents people from interacting with others. In effect, they isolate themselves from life. In isolation, the alcoholic begins a cycle of depression caused by alcoholism, which in turn causes them to drink more and continuing the cycle.
Many alcoholics begin drinking, thinking that the alcohol will relieve their stress and anxiety. Have a hard day- kick back with a glass of wine or a bottle of beer. Initially, the alcoholic will feel their spirits being lifted, only because the alcohol numbs the senses. Gradually it takes more and more drinks to make them "feel better", till eventually it begins to effect every other part of their life. They miss work, stop keeping track of social and family obligations, till finally their alcoholism is out of control. Monitoring your alcohol intake is incredibly important. If for some reason a person needs to have that drink, that is when there is a real problem.
One of the biggest things that most people enjoy about drinking is that it empowers a person to be able to do things that they normally wouldn't do. Things that maybe they were afraid to do, they might be shy. With the aid of alcohol, a person may feel anything is possible. Of course there is a downfall. The very things that a person might do while in an intoxicated stupor may be illegal or offensive in a manner to others. A lot of sexual harassment and sexual assaults happen while an assailant is under the influence. Normally the conscience of a person or their sense of reality would have prevented them from committing acts like those from ever happening. In "The Last of the Crazy People", the character of Gilbert Winslow goes and argues with his mother:

" 'MOTHER?' Gilbert's voice had thickened with extra whiskey. To the listeners, he sounded like someone calling from under the water. They heard him move… 'Are you going to come down?' said Gilbert. 'Or am I going to come up?'…'You aren't really sick, you know,' Gilbert called out. 'And we all know that.' "(The Last of the Crazy People, pg149)
After the argument, Gilbert forgets that it happens. When he recollects the incident later in the book, he regrets having confronted his mother. Many people with alcohol dependency will experience some sort of regret about their actions while they were intoxicated. Most often these feelings of regret turn into a reason to drink more, so that in turn the incident may be forgotten.
There is no known cure for alcoholism, however there is a lot of help and support to be had. Almost everywhere in the world you may find a chapter of Alcoholic's Anonymous 5. Most hospitals have or know of a facility that provides in-patient programs or out- patient programs 6. There is support for all members of the family of an alcoholic too. Al-Anon and Alateen are both divisions of Alcoholic's Anonymous that provide counseling and a support system for all those who have been affected by the drinking problem of another person. As Alcoholic's Anonymous is religious in nature, there are other treatments similar that do not have the underlying religious content. Such as, Rational Recovery, and Secular Organizations for Sobriety/Save Our Selves (SOS).
The programs mentioned above take a psychological approach to the healing, but there are medications that can be prescribed by a doctor, that react with alcohol to create some very unpleasant reactions. One of the medications that is available is the drug Disulfiram 7, which interferes with how the body processes alcohol in the system, causing the person to feel nauseated, dizzy, gives them headaches, and may cause an irregular heartbeat. These symptoms only appear when the medication interacts with alcohol and are meant to encourage people to give up drinking.
Unfortunately, many people do not get the help they need in time. Like in the novel "The Last of the Crazy People", the character of Gilbert Winslow commits suicide 8 by setting himself on fire (while intoxicated). This final desperate act foretells the shocking ending of the book and the lives within. As for the Ross family, not much information is revealed at the end of the book about Mrs Ross. However, at the end of the book when Robert (the son of Mrs Ross) is buried only his father goes to the funeral. You may draw your own conclusion about their relationship and its future.
Most people will not have such a 'poetic end' as Gilbert Winslow, or the ability to just ignore the problems like Mrs Ross. Unfortunately, whole lives can be destroyed for generations if the proper help and realization is not found in time. And remember "Once an Alcoholic, always an Alcoholic". Page 143-144
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