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(De) Colonization of Malaysia

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sophie johansen

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of (De) Colonization of Malaysia

(De) Colonization Malaysia Portuguese Colonization INDEPENDENCE! Dutch Colonization British Colonization Japanese Colonization -In 1420, Malay was converted from Hinduism to Islam, making Malacca the center of Islamic culture in South East Asia.
-With help of the Chinese, it became the most powerful area with control of the straights of Malacca.
-Main route between China and the West. 1641-1824 -Dutch helped Malays regain Malacca throne from Portuguese.
-Made trading agreements with Malay States
-Trading posts abandoned, some destroyed
-Relationships between Malay states deteriorated 1824-1942 -Introduced new architecture. Anglo-Indian stone mosque
-Largest world producer of tin and rubber
-secured Singapore from Dutch
-British Malay referred to: Malay states or Straits Settlements
-Under sovereignty of British Crown
-Not unified
-Comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States. 1942-1945 -During World War II they conquered the Malay Peninsula
-Bombed Singapore and drove British south
-Malaysian anti-Japanese forces trained by British
-Japanese brutal towards Chinese
-Wanted to help take India back from British
-New currency called: Banana Money. currency were referred to as "dollars" and "cents". Only lasted as long as Japanese did -Malays defeated the Japanese
-British came back again to organize Malay into one state
-Tried to put down Communist uprising
-Ethnic groups resisted
-Home to Malays, Chinese, and Indians. Education -Government and religious groups taught English based schools in Urban areas
-All ethnic groups
-Chinese, Indian, and Tamil schools were located in rural areas
-Bias against girls education colonial era 1957 Post Independence -Less girls in schools
-1961 Malay was renamed Malaysia
- Islam: national religion
-Malay the national language
-Chinese: dominated business and trade while Malays suffered in economy
-Government: United Malay National Organization Education -Unify education system
-primary schooling in all language media will be continued under government support
-Common syllabus throughout
-Eliminate educational inequalities
-Abolished former rumor that Malay culture did not support education Mid 1950s More on Money - Introduced new currencies as a replacement
- New currency in Malaya and Singapore were issued with the same value as the Malayan dollar
-Circulation in 1942.
-Local residents were forced to adopt this type of currency,
-1, 5, 10's in 1942
100 and 1000's in 1944 BIBLIOGRAPHY Hirschman, Charles. "Political Independence and Educational Opportunity in Peninsular Malaysia." Sociology of Education 52, no. 2 (April 1979): 67-83. Accessed February 10, 2013. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112446.

Tajuddin, Azlan. Malaysia in the World Economy (1824-2011); Capitalism, Ethnic Divisions, and "Managed" Democracy. United Kingdom: Lexington Books, 1961.

ArchNet. "Dictionary of Islamic Architecture." ArchNet. Accessed February 11, 2013. http://archnet.org/library/dictionary/entry.jsp?entry_id=DIA0442&mode=full.

Ramerini, Marco. "Dutch Malacca 1641-1795, 1818-1825." Colonial Village. Accessed February 11, 2013. http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/asia/malaysia/malacca/dutch.html.

Ramerini, Marco. "Portuguese Malacca 1511-1641." Colonial Village. Accessed February 11, 2013. http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/asia/malaysia/malacca/portuguese.html.

"Southeast Asian Nations Gain Independence." In Holt McDougal World History Patterns of Interatction, compiled by Roger B. Beck, Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo Shabaka, 1005-06. Economy -Tin
-Mostly spices
-Advantageous location Access to Far East
-Large port frequented by Asian merchants from all over trading selling: pepper, cloves, ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg etc. 1511-1641 (Pre-Colonization) Military -Portuguese and Chinese worked together to attack Malacca
-Constantly under siege
-Dutch and Malay allied against Portuguese
-Portuguese surrendered Language -Speak Creole Portuguese
-Mostly Christian
-Portuguese surnames
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