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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Early Greeks lived on
lands surrounded by
Since mountains cover much of Greece, there are few flat areas for
. People settled in those flat areas along the coast and in river valleys.
Since inland travel was difficult because of the rugged and mountainous land, the early Greeks turned to the
The Mediterraneans Sea is on Greece's
, the Ionian Sea is on its
, and the Aegean Sea is on its east.
Early Greeks became skilled
Early Greeks were able to sail as far as
(present-day Turkey) and
. As they traveled they found food, products, and exchanged information and ideas with other cultures.
Many cultures settled and developed in Greece. Two of the earliest were the
. By 2000 BC, the
had built an advanced society.
spoke the Greek language and are the first group of people to be considered Greek.
built fortresses all over the Greek mainland.
By the mid 1400s BC,
society had declined and that allowed for the
to take over and become the dominant trade partner of the
did not always trade peacefully. They often attacked other kingdoms.
society fell apart in the 1200s BC when invaders from Europe came to Greece. Earthquakes hit Greece around this same time.
Greece fell into period of warfare and disorder called the
Early Greek Culture
The Greeks of the
left no written records. All of what we know about the period comes from
About 300 years after the
civilization crumbled, the Greeks started to create small groups for protection and stability. Eventually these small groups turned into
became more advanced over time and eventually led to the development of
, a type of government where people rule themselves.
changed over time. In early Athens, a
which are rich landowners took power. This created an
which is when a small group of people has the power.
Government in Athens
- Created very strict laws in Athens around in the 600s BC.
- Created laws that were much less harsh and granted citizenship to all who lived in Athens in the 590s BC.
- Overthrew the
and became a
leader in Athens.
- Gained power around 500 BC. Established the world's first
. He gave all citizens in Athens the right to participate in assembly that created the city's laws.
gained more power.
- Led Athens during its
. Encouraged people to take pride in their city. He believed that participating in government was just as important as defending Athens in war.
Geography and Early Greeks
Greek Mythology and Literature
The Greeks believed in many gods. These gods were at the center of Greek
- a body of stories about heroes and gods that try to explain the way the world works.
Among the earliest known Greek writings are two epic poems, the
, by a poet named
tells the story of the last years of the Trojan War. It focuses on the Greeks especially
who was considered the greatest of all Greek warriors. The
describes the challenges that Greek hero Odysseus faced on his way home from the Trojan War.
was the most famous female poet in Ancient Greece. Her poems were beautiful and emotional poems about love and relationships.
Fables were important in Ancient Greece. Fables are short stories that teach the reader life lessons.
was a famous fable writer. Most of his fables had animals as the lead characters. Among Aesop's fables are: The Ants and the Grasshopper, The Tortoise and the Hare, and The Boy Who Cried Wolf".
Photo Credit to Morgan