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British Literature I

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Sarah Elise

on 26 June 2014

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Transcript of British Literature I

Adventures at sea and explorations on land were not the glorious expeditions of legend. The Exeter Book Elegies warns its readers that such travel is not for the faint of heart...
c. 972 C. E., Old English
Exeter Book Elegies
Lanval may look like a fierce knight, but at the sight of a beautiful woman, he loses all of his manly strength in pining for her.
Sir Orfeo
Early 14th Century, Middle English
Beowulf Kings
Hrothgar was a noble king who cared for his country, risking his life to protect his people.
Sarah Comeau
British Literature I
Those foolish enough to embark on voyages faced "days of toil" and left behind "deeply sorrowing" wives (Black et al 53, 55).
And despite all of the reasons as to why one should not go on an adventure, the thrill-seekers still have their way. Writes in the Exeter Book Elegies recognized that even dire warnings could not calm the urge to go beyond one's every day experiences.
Works Cited
Battles, Dominique. "Sir Orfeo And English Identity." Studies In Philology 107.2 (2010): 179-211. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 6 June 2014
Black, Joseph, Kate Flint, Isobel Grundy, Don LePan, Roy Liuzza, Jerome McGann, Anne Prescott, Barry Qualls, and Claire Waters, eds. The Broadview Anthology of British Literature. Peterborough: Broadview, 2007. Print.
“Blessed Julian of Norwich“. Saints.SQPN.com. 27 April 2014. Web. 13 June 2014.
Champagne, Sunny. "Adventure / Quote by Paulo Coelho." Etsy. com. Web. 20 June 2014.
Citypaper. "Viking Ship. 2010.
Comeau, Sarah. "Doctor Faustus." JPEG. 26 June 2014.
Comeau, Sarah. "Elizabeth: Favorite Quotes." JPEG. 20 June 2014.
Comeau, Sarah. "Utopia: Favorite Quotes." JPEG. 16 June 2014.
Dicksee, Frank " La Belle Dame Sans Merci." 1902. JPEG. Web. 13 June 2014.
Herlihy, David, and Samuel Kline Cohn. The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1997. Print.
Hugh Johnson. "Hrothgar." 2006. Wikia. Web. 13 June 2014.
Le Cain, Errol. "Sir Orfeo." 1970. JPEG. Flickr. Web. 13 June 2014.
"Medieval Fighter." Wordpress. 2008. JPEG. Web. 13 June 2014.
Moran, Gerald. "Moral and Social Identity and the Idea of Pilgrimage in the "General Prologue" The Chaucer Review, 37, 4 (2003): 285-314.
More, Thomas. Utopia. Trans. Robert M. Adams. Los Angeles: W. W. Norton &, 1975. Print.
Presley, Robert. "Beowulf." Wallpaprersdepo. 2007. Web. 6 June 2014. Sega.
Public Domain. "Maria Teresa of Austria." Fashion History. Web. 20 June 2014.
Rae, Dale. "Cordelia." Dale Rae Designs. 2014. JPEG. Web. 13 June 2014.
Roberts, F. A. "William Tyndale." Hulton Archive / Getty Images. 1754. Web. 20 June 2014.
Thomas, Benny. "Pen-Portrait-Geoffrey Chaucer." Wordpress. June 2012. Web. 13 June 2014.

Hrothgar was also good at determining who else would make a good king, telling Beowulf that the "sea-Geats could not select a better choice anywhere for king" (Black et al 83).
Beowulf lived up to these words and became a great warrior-king, dearly loved by his people.
Sir Orfeo is the tale of yet another man who can't seem to function without his lady
In her article, "Sir Orfeo and English Identity," Dominique Battles writes that stealing Orfeo's wife was more than a personal affront. When Orfeo is unable to save his queen, that became a military defeat that showed the weakness of his kingdom.
"He looked at her, and saw she was beautiful; / love stung him with a spark / that lit and inflamed his heart." (Black et al 110).

In accordance with the rules of courtly love, Lanval was completely sickened by his love for this woman.
This picture is a good summation of the relationship between Lanval and his beloved--she holds the power in the relationship, while he is in a stance of submission.
Late 12th century, Middle English
1. The Black Death spreads across Europe
Factors affecting life in the Middle Ages
This book is a highly-revered historic text that documents the fictional pilgrimage of several people to the Canterbury Cathedral.
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
Page numbers from
Black, Joseph Laurence, Leonard W.. Conolly, and Kate Flint, eds. The Broadview Anthology of British Literature. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview, 2007. Print.
Queen Elizabeth I
William Tyndale successfully translated the Bible into English, making it possible for laypeople to read it.
William Tyndale
Page numbers from:
More, Thomas. Utopia. Trans. Robert M. Adams. Los Angeles: W. W. Norton &, 1975. Print.
by Thomas More
In this book, Christopher Marlowe tells the story of the ambitious Dr. Faustus.
The Tragical History of
Dr. Faustus
David Herlihy and Samuel Cohn, the authors of
The Black Death and the Transformation of the West
, argue that this catastrophe created a society that would do its best to prevent further disasters, "A principal thesis here is that the two salient characteristics of the population collapse of the late Middle Ages—Europe’s deepest and also its last—are not unrelated. The devastating plagues elicited a social response that protected the European community from comparable disasters until the present.” (17)
Gerald Morgan, the author of "Moral and Social Identity and the Idea of Pilgrimage in the "General Prologue", wrote that the General Prologue is "a small masterpiece of medieval art set at the beginning of a huge, fragmentary masterpiece that can only have been the product of a monumental poetic ambition."
2. The Hundred Years War and other sources of political turmoil, such as the peasant uprising
Such upheaval led to a spiritual crisis in which people questioned their faith, wondering why a good God would allow such tragedies to happen. In addition, reformer such as John Wycliffe began rethinking church doctrine.
During this time, Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe produced works of religious literature that inspired generations to come.
Julian's famous saying is, "All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of things shall be well."
The Golden Age
Religious Moderation
The Virgin Queen
Tyndale's revolutionary ideas were not always well accepted, however. He was put to death in 1534 for heresy.
This is a *tragical* history, because Faustus, who enjoyed brief fame for his devilish exploits ("his fame spread forth in every land"), eventually suffered the consequences of dealing with the devil (Black et al 771).
Early Modern, 1515
Early Modern, 1494-1536
Early Modern, 1533-1603
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