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Ancient Africa

7th Grade Social Studies Chapter 11
by

Mrs. Gerry Whiteley

on 16 March 2016

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Transcript of Ancient Africa

Budapest
San
Francisco
Kilwa was a city state with its own government.
It was considered one of the most beautiful and best constructed towns.
The culture and language spoken was Swahili, a mixture of Bantu and Arabic.
Kilwa
Port cities traded with China, India, & Southwest Asia.
Muslim traders drove the rulers of Aksum from the coast.
Ethiopians developed their own form of Christianity.
East Africa
More than goods were traded.
Muslim scholars taught religion, math, medicine & law.
Benin was an important kingdom in the West African forests.
West African Trade
Ile Ife and Benin were located in the rain forest region.
That region is present day Nigeria.
Both were important centers of trade.
Benin known for selling slaves.
Rain Forest Empires
The three regions explored in the western savannah areas are Ghana, Mali, & Songhai.
The last of the great trading areas was Songhai.
West African Trade
Ghana became an important empire because of its location.
It was located on trade routes.
The empire that followed was Mali.
West African Trade
Salt & gold were the most important trade items.
Salt was used for preserving meat.
Ghana was the first West African kingdom based on this trade.
West African Trade
Migrations lasted almost 1,000 years.
Our source of knowledge is the African storytellers - oral history.
The Bantu spread their knowledge & culture.
Bantu Migrations
Rain forests are located on either side of the equator.
Savannas, rolling grasslands, are in the areas north & south of the rain forests.
Sahara desert lies in the northern part of Africa.
Africa’s Topography
Muslim scholars brought knowledge (Religion) to Mali.
Muslim scholars taught religion, math, medicine & law in East Africa.
However, trade competition drove the people of Aksum inland.
Effects of the Muslims
Both grew powerful through trade.
Portuguese looted these cities in a desire to take over the trade routes.
Aksum & Kilwa
Aksum controlled major trade routes for hundreds of years, till Muslims drove them out.
Located on the coast of Northeastern Africa.
Foreign merchants brought new ideas & beliefs to Aksum,
Aksum
Mansa Musa brought a surplus of gold with him.
He expanded the kingdom.
He made Islam the official religion.
West African Trade
Clans are families with common ancestors.
Bantu trace their ancestry through mothers.
Bantu often had to change the way they lived when they migrated.
Carried knowledge of iron, metalworking.
Bantu Migrations
Africa & the Bantu
West African Kingdoms
East Africa’s Great Trading Centers
Civilizations of Africa
Great Zimbabwe was between the Limpopo & Zambezi Rivers.
Each city-state had its own government.
East Africa
Rain forests are located on either side of the equator.
Savannas, rolling grasslands, are in the areas north & south of the rain forests.
Sahara desert lies in the northern part of Africa.
Africa’s Topography
Ancient Africa
7th Grade
Chapter 16
Full transcript