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Dante's Hell Circle 5 and 6
Transcript of Dante's Hell Circle 5 and 6
Circle 5 & 6 The Basics about Circle 5: The Styx Who are the sinners? The sinners consist of all the wrathful and sullen. It is people who expressed their anger and sinners who repressed their anger. Who are the famous sinners here? One famous sinner in The Styx is Filippo Argenti. He was an enemy of Dante in fourteenth century Florence. He was very wealthy and had a short temper. He became Dante's enemy because his brother took some of Dante's property after Dante was exiled from Florence. An Epic Simile "...a terrifying crash that made the shore on either side start shaking violently like one of those wild winds born with a roar when two conflicting heats clash in the air that tears through forests sweeping all before..." Canto IX (Alighieri Lines 67-72) Dante is talking about a Hurricane (2 heats meet in the air) or a Tornado (cloud and dust). He is comparing the Gorgon to God, starting such a phenomenon with the flick of a finger. Canto VIII - X Guides Filippo Argenti- Filippo comes in on Page 30 and gives Dante many words of wisdom and in a way "guides" him to right some of the wrongs he made himself in life. He does not take him further in to hell or walk with him but his presence is significant. Throughout the cantos there are many people or beings that appear in front of Virgil and Dante but no one actually takes the place of Virgil. "you see now the souls that anger overwhelmed, and I would have you know for certain that more dead are down there, underwater" (Alighieri 28). The Symbolic Retribution (Contrapasso) of Circle 5 The wrathful unleash their anger above the water and the gloomy are kept bottled up beneath the water. They unleash their anger by biting, hitting and mangaling each other, while the sullen remain submerged down in the Styx river. "the raging Florentine turned his teeth upon himself and began to gnaw" (Alighieri 30). The Basics of Circle 6: City of Dis Who are the sinners here? The sinners here are the heretics. Their sin is that they deny God's existence and do not believe in eternal life. Who are the famous sinners here? The famous sinners here are Farinata Uberti and Cavalcante dei Cavalcanti. Uberti was branded a heretic after he and his had claimed that they disbelieved in the resurrection of Christ. Cavalcanti and his family had heretical views, which lead Cavalcanti to be placed in this circle. "the heresiarchs of every sect lie here with their followers" (Alighieri 35). Symbolic Retribution (Contrapasso) of Circle 6 The sinners who believed that their souls died with their bodies now have their living souls encased in a fiery tomb. On judgment day, the tombs will be covered by the lids forever. The heretics are in the tombs which are surrounded in and around fire. The temperature of the tombs are varied. "with the bodies they left above at their demise, the tombs will all be sealed eternally" (Alighieri 36) What is the most powerful image in this section and why? The most powerful image in this section is when they travel through the heated tombs; where the arks lay. This shows the transition between circles and how the circles get more horrific. The intense details of the temperature rising and the lids open cause the reader to imagine these bodies and make the reader feel the pain and sorrows the people must face. It also foreshadows the future circles, because the travelings from level to get continue to uncover hell. What are the allegorical and/or tropological interpretations of this canto? The allegorical interpretations of the cantos 8-10 are about the heretics who contradicted the doctrine and confused the Spirit of Christ. Just like people in the cantos they heretics were tortured. These cantos were also used to Christianize works such as Ovid's Metamorphoses. The book was about the history of the creation of the world, however this book had no religious influence when Dante's Inferno was written. Insights from Virgil Virgil is constantly teaching Dante right and wrong and physically showing him what contrapasso he might face. He shows him in the Fifth Level that "Like lies with like...we were between the tortures and the battlements "(Alighieri Lines 130-133) Basically murders with murders, you would be stuck in this pit for eternity with these kinds of monsters hanging around you. Virgil makes sure that Dante takes notice of all the sufferiing and makes sure to point it all out. Dante Personally in This Section Dante fares rather good in this section. At first, Dante is afraid when they were attempting to enter the City of Dis and are stopped by enemies, but Virgil helps ease his worries. The poet's main concern was that Virgil would leave him and that Virgil was not up to the task. However, Virgil reassured him he was prepared for the task and that he would not desert him. Dante is holding up well. Gustave Dore' and His Work He was born on January 6, 1862 and died in Paris on January 23, 1883. Dore' was a French illustrator, artist, and engraver. In his younger years, he was known as a child prodigy. His career as an engraver began to blossom in the 1850s. One of his most famous works was his illustrations of Dante's Inferno. MONSTERS The three furies are monsters that you will encounter in this area of the inferno. "who in shape and mein resembles women but they were blood- smeared and girdled with hydras of the deepest green. They had horned vipers and small snakes for hair, round their fierce temples." Canto IX lines 38-42 TERRAIN The terrain of the inferno is very rugged and dark. "There was an enormous plain... where sephulchers make all the ground appear uneven, with some lower and some higher." Canto IX lines 76 and 79
There were marshes with fumes rising from them like smoke and unlevel ground with a river with "foul waves" canto VIII line 11 and a "boiling spring that spilled into a ditch it had cut through." canto VIII lines 100-102
The inferno was hot too. Walking in the beings in the level were "surrounded as they were by scattered fire." canto IX line 118