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5th Grade Social Studies (Explorers)

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RaeAnne Dunnuck

on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of 5th Grade Social Studies (Explorers)

Early Exploring Vikings They were the first people of the Middle Ages to actually travel to distant regions. They lived in what is known as Denmark, Sweden and Norway They were skilled sailors and they traveled by water with furs, fish, and timber. They traded these items for oil, spices and goods from Europe and western Asia. Around A.D. 1000, Viking explorers became the first Europeans to reach North America. They settled in Iceland and Greenland, but disease and battles with native people caused the settlers to return to their native lands. Marco Polo The Polo family traveled thousands of miles across Asia. The Polos saw items that no
one else in Europe had seen. Once Marco Polo returned to Venice, he told all about his adventures in Asia and even had a book written about his travels. This book inspired Europeans to look for new routes to Asia. These items included paper money and gunpowder. Christopher Columbus Approached Spain and Portugal with his idea to lead an expedition to Asia. He wanted to sail in the wrong direction. He claimed that it would be faster than sailing around Africa. Portugal, France and England were not interested in Columbus’ idea, but the leaders of Spain agreed to pay for the ships. The Ships were named Niῆa, Pinta and the Santa María. On October 12, 1492
Columbus reached San Salvador, one of the Bahama Islands. Columbus made four different voyages to the Americas, and even settled a colony in what is known today as Haiti and the Dominican Republic. He died in 1506 and never knew that he found the America’s. He died believing that he found a route to Asia. Did Christopher Columbus know that he reached North America, or did he believe that he reached Asia? Aztec Inca Hernan Cortés landed in
Mexico with more that 500 conquistadors. Cortés landed in the Middle of the Aztec Empire. They dominated northern Mexico.
They were a Nomadic Culture. Some Facts about the Aztec Empire Cortés reached the capital of the Aztec Empire in 1519. The Aztec ruler welcomed the explorers, but he was captured and the Spanish Explorers demanded gold and other riches. Although Cortés was drove away, the Aztecs were defeated by Smallpox. And a few months later Cortés returned and conquered the Aztecs and built Mexico City on top of the Aztec ruins. The Inca Empire was located in the center of the land they wanted to conquer. After the Aztec Empire was conquered.
The Spanish Explorers set out to conquer land south of modern day Mexico. At the Height of its power, the Inca Empire extended more than 2,500 miles.
The empire had paved roads that linked the empire together. The Inca Empire The Fall of the Inca Empire In 1531, Francisco Pizarro a Spanish conquistador landed in South America. In 1531, Francisco Pizarro a Spanish conquistador landed in South America. At the time Pizarro landed the Inca Empire was falling. The highway system that made it easy to travel also helped diseases spread. He heard reports that the Spanish were coming, but he did not fear them. He did not fear the conquistadors because he thought there were bigger problems. This lead to the main reason the Spaniards defeated the Inca Empire.
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