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Sex Tourism

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by

Andrew Bond

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Sex Tourism

Sex tourism
Andy and Josh

What fuels the sex tourists
‘’sexual imagery in tourist marketing, the sexual behavior of young people on holiday.”

(Clift and Carter, 2000)


TV promoting traveling and participating in strip shows / massages


Cost


Globalization


Western imperialism


Where does sex tourism exist?
Brazil
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Philippines
Thailand
Colombia
Bali, Indonesia
Cuba
Cambodia
Japan

What is sex tourism?
“Sex tourism is more than a simple modality of sexual exploitation, it is a mechanism used by different persons to satisfy their sexual desires in a different country”

- Gustavo Leal, 2002

Is sex tourism good for the host country?
Overall benefits
Sex tourism in Amsterdam
What tourists do in Amsterdam?
£1.1b per year (5% Netherlands GDP)
Boost local economy
Provides jobs
Improves tourist attraction

Advantages
Disadvantages
1,000 – 7,000 victims of human trafficking annually

Number one destination for human trafficking

80% cases deal with sexual exploitations

80% prostitutes not EU Citizens

95% prostitutes were Dutch in 1980

90% prostitutes are drawn into trafficking via love affair

Sex tourism in Thailand
Why do tourists visit Thailand
Scenery
Shopping
people
culture
clubbing
Medical
Advantages
Money sent home
Jobs provided
Business opportunities
sex tourism leads to 'normal tourism'
Disadvantages
Women and children exploited

Ostracized

vicious cycle

western men take advantage

Lack of work for older women
Who visits
When did it start?
Worlds oldest trade

Vietnam war 1960's / 1970's
tourismandthailand 2012
Namm's story
3 Children

Vietnam immigrant

koh Phi Phi
Group activity, What would you do?
Female sex tourism
“Social researchers have not been blind to the phenomenon of female sex tourism, yet they have tended to treat it as qualitatively different from male sex tourism.”

(Clift and Carter, 2000)

Early 90s

Romance Travels or Romance Tourism

Middle-Aged Women

‘Lonely Women’

Female sex tourism destinations
Brazil
Portugal
Greece
Spain
Turkey
Jamaica
Barbados
Dominican Republic

Tunisia
Gambia
Kenya
Morocco
El Salvador
Mexico
Peru
Fiji
Child sex tourism
South America and south east Asia

Poor families exploit their children
In Thailand: A 2005 study by ILO IPEC found that 19.8% of children and young women in prostitution reported that their first sexual experience was rape.
Child webcam exploitation
''the relative economic power of 'paedophiles who travel abroad' allow them to exploit the vulnerable''
Clift and Carter 2000 p57
Unicef 2012
''Thailand's cities have grown faster than its countryside; poverty is a genuine concern, still widespread in the rural northeast, far north and far south of the country.'' (un.or.th 2014)
Is Sex Tourism acceptable?
“These days, graphic sexual images seem more extreme, more pervasive, and more perverse than ever before. Images that used to belong to the world of pornography are now commonplace in family magazines and newspapers in TV commercials, on billboards and online”

(Kilbourne, 2005)

“Sex sells partly because it is about grabbing attention. Creating a communication that gets attention and engages with the audience is a key thing and if you need a bit of sex to do that, then fine.”

(Frost, 2012)

Is sex tourism good for the host country?
Postmodernism
http://www.discoveryfitandhealth.com/sexual-health/videos/first-sex-robot.htm

http://www.worldtour360.com/360.php?country=Nederland&swf=RedLightDistrict20091023&lang=en

When we place a monetary value on people, even our friends, children or our country, we reduce humanity to the loewest level imaginable. (Tetlock, 1999)
“These days, child sex tourism has become popular in developing countries. Look at Myanmar’s neighbouring country, Cambodia. They have seen a 65 percent increase in tourist arrivals in just one year, and there has been a corresponding rise in the exploitation of children to attract pedophile tourists. The trend may spread to neighbouring Myanmar. Therefore, concerned organizations should take preventive measures,” said Khin Thiri Win.
For Dominicans , it offers not just employment but chance for economic and social mobility
- Brennam 2005
For Dominicans it offers not just employment but chance for economic and social mobility
- Brennan 2005
Pim's Outcome
Full transcript