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plain weave

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eva salas

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of plain weave

by: Eva Salas & Juana Lopez
fabric construction
the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn
ex: chiffon, seersucker, taffeta
advantages: wears well, snag-resistant, reversible if not printed or finished with special effects.
disadvantages: ravels, appears uninteresting, shows wrinkle, lower tear strength than other weaves
plain weave
a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one,two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new yarn.
ex: denim, gabardine
advantages: stronger and more durable than plain weave
disadvantages: frays
suggested garments: denim
definitive characteristics: have a front called a technical front and a back called a technical back
twill weave
a weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats.
ex: sateen, satin
suggested garments: dress clothes, dress gowns, blouses
advantages:high luster, smooth, lustrous
disadvantages: snags, pull and appears greasy after wearing it for a while
satin weave
a knit fabric produced in a machine or hand knitting with the yarns running crosswise or in a circle
suggested garments: tshirts, dresses, pantyhose, and sweaters.
other definitive characteristics: reversible
advantages: firm
disadvantages: if a loop breaks, it creates a run, heavy
weft knit
warp knit
seamless knit
warp knitting is a family of knitting methods in which the yarn zigzags along the length of the fabric, following adjacent columns of knitting rather than single rows
suggested garments: sports wear, shoe fabric, tulle fabric
advantages: higher productivity rates than weaving, large working widths and a variety of fabric construction.

is a circular knitting or knitting in the round. : creates a seamless tube
suggested garments: sweaters and sportswear
advantages: higher productivity, lightness and softness, no bulky or irritating stitches, better look, better look and more comfortable
disadvantages: may run if snagged and edges curl.
other nonwoven fabrics
a fabric like material made from long fibers made from long fibers bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment
advantages: very durable fabric, stretchy, soft and has good thermal insulation.
disadvantages: limited life, single use fabric.
suggested garments:medical, filters, and geotextiles
other definitive characteristics: staple nonwovens
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