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Copy of Learning Theories and E-Learning
Transcript of Copy of Learning Theories and E-Learning
February 3, 2014
While the learning theories below can be viewed as a progression, each contributed "important knowledge about how we learn" (Staveredes, 2011).
Knowledge exists outside of a person and learning is a change in behavior that can be conditioned through positive and negative reinforcement (Stavredes, 2011).
Pavlov demonstrated that behaviors
can be learned via conditioned associations.
This learning process could be used
to make an association
between environmental stimulus
and a natural stimulus.
Learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in corresponding increases or decreases of occurrence.
Cognitive learning is the
acquisition of knowledge and skill
by mental or cognitive processes.
One of the main focuses of cognitive learning is how the students organize information to store, retrieve, and recall in their memory.
Cognitive learning relies heavily
on prior knowledge
as well as
verbal step by step directions
given by the teacher.
The outcome of learning depends on
what the teacher presents
and how the student
processes the information.
that learning requires
the learning process.
Behaviorists believe the learner's role
is to respond to content
and demonstrate a level of performance.
The goal of constructivism is
to engage students in a meaningful way.
The constructivist theory
to construct knowledge themselves
and build on prior knowledge.
that learning results from
a personal interpretation
and is an active process.
that students are educated
and grow by discovering
and gaining access
to the world around them.
Constructivists believe that information is built rather than transmitted.
Jean Piaget believed that focusing on an individual's culture, character, and learning style has a direct impact on learning.
Vygotsky believed that
meaning and understanding
are created through social interaction
and that learning is
a collaborative process.
Behaviorism in an Online Classroom
Another Idea to Support Behaviorism and E-Learning
Cognitivism in an Online Classroom
More Ideas to Support Cognitivism
Constructivism in an Online Classroom
More Ideas to Support Constructivism and E-Learning
*Instructor feedback and grades influence
*Implement a token economy. Students can fill their own virtual treasure box with personal rewards that can be received for a predetermined number of points received throughout the course.
*Instructor acts as facilitator or guide by providing a variety of materials and assignments.
*Allow teams to design projects.
The nature of online learning leads the instructor to consider a combination of learning theories when designing online lessons. Certain aspects of each theory lend themselves to online instruction.
*Student participation in discussions are
observable & measurable.
*Discussion questions provide an opportunity to share personal experience, activating prior knowledge.
*Learning objectives and instructions for projects are clearly stated in the syllabus and rubrics.
*Course material is paced and is organized into chunks.
*Student learning styles are accommodated through the use of videos and podcasts, as well as online texts that can be highlighted and referred to at any time.
*Implement color, video, and charts during instruction to accommodate visual learners.
*Allow learners to generate the discussion questions.
*Create choice of how students can
*Learning is self-directed as students have some flexibility with the amount of time spent online.
*Active participation is evident when students post to discussions.
*Team projects provide a social learning environment that includes dialogue and collaboration.
*Creativity and innovation are encouraged through the use of blogs, visual presentations, and infographics, as a demonstration of knowledge.
*Assign real-world application of knowledge.
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