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Copy of Learning Theories and E-Learning

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Transcript of Copy of Learning Theories and E-Learning

Learning Theories and E-Learning
Dawn Rainbowstar

February 3, 2014

AET/541

Gregory Jackson
Introduction
While the learning theories below can be viewed as a progression, each contributed "important knowledge about how we learn" (Staveredes, 2011).
Behaviorism
Knowledge exists outside of a person and learning is a change in behavior that can be conditioned through positive and negative reinforcement (Stavredes, 2011).
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Pavlov demonstrated that behaviors
can be learned via conditioned associations.
This learning process could be used
to make an association
between environmental stimulus
and a natural stimulus.

B.F. Skinner
Operant Conditioning
Learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in corresponding increases or decreases of occurrence.
Cognitivism
Cognitive learning is the
acquisition of knowledge and skill
by mental or cognitive processes.
One of the main focuses of cognitive learning is how the students organize information to store, retrieve, and recall in their memory.
Cognitive learning relies heavily
on prior knowledge
as well as
verbal step by step directions
and demonstrations
given by the teacher.
The outcome of learning depends on
what the teacher presents
and how the student
processes the information.
Constructivism
Behaviorists believe
that learning requires
external reward.
Behaviorists believe
that teachers
must direct
the learning process.
Behaviorists believe the learner's role
is to respond to content
and demonstrate a level of performance.
The goal of constructivism is
to engage students in a meaningful way.
The constructivist theory
encourages students
to construct knowledge themselves
and build on prior knowledge.
Constructivists believe
that learning results from
a personal interpretation
of knowledge
and is an active process.
Constructivists believe
that students are educated
and grow by discovering
and gaining access
to the world around them.
Constructivists believe that information is built rather than transmitted.
Cognitive Constructivism
Jean Piaget believed that focusing on an individual's culture, character, and learning style has a direct impact on learning.
Social Constructivism
Vygotsky believed that
meaning and understanding
are created through social interaction
and that learning is
a collaborative process.
Conclusion
References
Behaviorism in an Online Classroom
Another Idea to Support Behaviorism and E-Learning
Cognitivism in an Online Classroom
More Ideas to Support Cognitivism
and E-Learning
Constructivism in an Online Classroom
More Ideas to Support Constructivism and E-Learning
*Instructor feedback and grades influence
student performance.

*Implement a token economy. Students can fill their own virtual treasure box with personal rewards that can be received for a predetermined number of points received throughout the course.
*Instructor acts as facilitator or guide by providing a variety of materials and assignments.







*Allow teams to design projects.
The nature of online learning leads the instructor to consider a combination of learning theories when designing online lessons. Certain aspects of each theory lend themselves to online instruction.
*Student participation in discussions are
observable & measurable.
*Discussion questions provide an opportunity to share personal experience, activating prior knowledge.


*Learning objectives and instructions for projects are clearly stated in the syllabus and rubrics.


*Course material is paced and is organized into chunks.


*Student learning styles are accommodated through the use of videos and podcasts, as well as online texts that can be highlighted and referred to at any time.


*Review-teach-review.


*Implement color, video, and charts during instruction to accommodate visual learners.


*Allow learners to generate the discussion questions.


*Create choice of how students can
demonstrate knowledge.
*Learning is self-directed as students have some flexibility with the amount of time spent online.
*Active participation is evident when students post to discussions.
*Team projects provide a social learning environment that includes dialogue and collaboration.

*Creativity and innovation are encouraged through the use of blogs, visual presentations, and infographics, as a demonstration of knowledge.
*Assign real-world application of knowledge.
Hemsey, Y. Getty Images. 1987. B.F. Skinner. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/skinner-burrhus-frederic-1904-1990/

Latoro. 2009. The World Around Us. Retrieved from http://www.latoro.com/18957-desktop-wallpapers-the-world-around-us.htm

Life Photo Archive. 1920. Portrait of Ivan Povlov. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ivan_Pavlov_LIFE.jpg

Natavlada. (n.d.) Active learning for preschool kids colorful train. Retrieved from http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-image-active-learning-preschool-kids-colorful-train-happy-smiling-kid-pencils-playing-blocks-abc-book-numbers-image32993551

Purdy, A. 2013. DIY Reward Tokens. Retrieved from http://realpurdy.com/2013/05/09/diy-reward-tokens/

Stavredes, T. 2011. Effective online teaching: foundations and strategies for student success. : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

TeachingBizVids (2012, October 29). Big bang theory-operant conditioning [Video file]. Retrieved from youtube website

Tovovon. n.d. Global social network abstract scheme.
Retrieved from http://au.fotolia.com/id/42853180

Wlodarczyk, T. 2013. The Learning Life. Retrieved from http://infographiclist.com/2013/03/20/the-learning-life-infographic/

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