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Transcript of YEMEN
Vol XCIII, No. 311
ATTRACTIONS IN YEMEN
Yemen is an Islamic society. 99% of Yemenis are Muslims, with 50% belonging to the Shafi'i order of Sunni Islam and 50% adhering to the Zaydi sect of Shi'a Islam. There are also approximately 3,000 Christians, 1,500 Jews and a tiny minority of Hindus.
The capital city of Yemen is Sana'a.
Sana'a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
Arabic is the official language, although English is increasingly understood by citizens in major cities.
The local currency is the Yemeni Riyal (YER) which is composed of 100 fils. Fils are like coins in Yemen.
MOST IMPORTANT CITIES
SOCOTRA IS A SMALL
ARCHIPIELAGO OF 4 ISLANDS
IN THE INDIAN OCEAN
THE SAND DUNES IN SOCOTRA ISLAND
The Sand Dunes are one of the most impressive landscapes in the island of Socotra. They are very huge and majestic.
THE MOSQUE IN SANA'A
The mosque in Sana'a is an impressive historical and cultural building situated in the downtown of Sana'a.
It is 160 meters tall.
In Yemen, there are rainy summers with high temperatures, such as 21 Cº
The winter is cool and dry, dipping below the 0 Cº
The crime rate is low in Yemen and visitors should not feel threatened when walking around cities and villages. Still, women travelers should avoid walking alone at night and all visitors should exercise common sense in regards to carrying cash and valuables
It is recommended to any visitor to Yemen vaccinated against typhoid before starting your holiday, while those traveling from countries where yellow fever is present are required to carry certification of vaccination against the disease. Malaria is present in some areas outside of Sana'a, so it is advisable to purchase malaria tablets if you think you will spend some time in affected areas.
Yemen has long existed at the crossroads of cultures; it linked some of the oldest centers of civilization in the Near East by virtue of its location in South Arabia. Between the 12th century BC and the 6th century, it was part of the Minaean, Sabaean, Hadhramaut, Qataban, Ausan and Himyarite kingdoms, which controlled the lucrative spice trade, and later came under Ethiopian and Persian rule. In the 6th century, the Himyarite king Abu-Karib Assad converted to Judaism. In the 7th century, Islamic caliphs began to exert control over the area. After this caliphate broke up, South Arabia came under the control of many dynasties who ruled part, or often all of South Arabia. Imams of Persian origin ruled Yemen intermittently for 160 years, establishing a theocratic political structure that survived until modern times.
History of yemen