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The Russian Language

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farah zohlof

on 22 November 2012

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Transcript of The Russian Language

Russia Language Language LET'S PLAY Russian: one of the five most spoken languages in the world

Also the official language of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Widely spoken language in Moldova, Latvia, and Estonia

4th by total number of speakers, 8th by number of native speakers

One of the six official languages of the United Nations

Classifications: Northern, Southern, Central

Russian dialects: Primary and Secondary Formation Indo-European languages The Russian Language
Capital: Moscow, Population: 142,517,670

Conventional long form: Russian Federation
Conventional short form: Russia

Local long form: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Local short form: Rossiya

Location: Eurasian continent

Independence: 24 August 1991 from the Soviet Union

Ethnic groups : Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1%

Religions: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% Largest Country in the World Russian Phonology Russian uses the Cyrillic Alphabets from the 9th century

33 letters, 10 vowels, 2 letters do not designate any sounds

Most Russian consonant letters can be pronounced either "soft" or "hard"

Designate 37 distinct consonant sounds!

Syllable structure: (C)(C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)(C)

Vocabulary: influenced by Church Slavonic and by Greek, Latin, French, German, and English

Sentence Structure: Russian allows all possible combinations SVO, OVS, SOV, OSV, VSO, VOS

"I am learning the Russian language" can now become...
... "I the Russian language am learning"...
or... "The Russian language I am learning"...
and maybe even... "I the Russian language learning am!" The Russian Alphabetic watch video Russia Vs. English Spoken Vs. Written English and Russian are very different in many important aspects

English words have no gender. Russian has masculine, feminine and neutral

In particular the grammar systems show significant variations. English has a fairly fixed word order.

Russian, on the other hand, conveys meaning largely through changes in the composition of words There`s great separation between spoken and written russian. Majority of the Russian Speakers even the fluent cannot write Russian properly. For example milk in Russian is "moloko", but nobody pronounces [moloko], but [malako]. And this kind of hints could be met in the most words Let's Learn Russian Phonology:
Due to differences in the phonological systems, it is relatively difficult for Russians to acquire native-speaker-like standards of pronunciation and intonation
Russian consists of 10 vowel sounds, with no differentiation between short and long vowels.
This contrasts with English which has 12 vowel sounds (5 long, 7 short), plus 8 diphthongs

Russian and English convey meaning through the verb systems in different ways
The Russian system is based in the concept of aspect: actions are either completed or not completed. This is shown by appending affixes to the verb stem
Russian has no articles
Russian is a largely phonetic language Basic words
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