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The Russian Language
Transcript of The Russian Language
Also the official language of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
Widely spoken language in Moldova, Latvia, and Estonia
4th by total number of speakers, 8th by number of native speakers
One of the six official languages of the United Nations
Classifications: Northern, Southern, Central
Russian dialects: Primary and Secondary Formation Indo-European languages The Russian Language
Capital: Moscow, Population: 142,517,670
Conventional long form: Russian Federation
Conventional short form: Russia
Local long form: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Local short form: Rossiya
Location: Eurasian continent
Independence: 24 August 1991 from the Soviet Union
Ethnic groups : Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1%
Religions: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% Largest Country in the World Russian Phonology Russian uses the Cyrillic Alphabets from the 9th century
33 letters, 10 vowels, 2 letters do not designate any sounds
Most Russian consonant letters can be pronounced either "soft" or "hard"
Designate 37 distinct consonant sounds!
Syllable structure: (C)(C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)(C)
Vocabulary: influenced by Church Slavonic and by Greek, Latin, French, German, and English
Sentence Structure: Russian allows all possible combinations SVO, OVS, SOV, OSV, VSO, VOS
"I am learning the Russian language" can now become...
... "I the Russian language am learning"...
or... "The Russian language I am learning"...
and maybe even... "I the Russian language learning am!" The Russian Alphabetic watch video Russia Vs. English Spoken Vs. Written English and Russian are very different in many important aspects
English words have no gender. Russian has masculine, feminine and neutral
In particular the grammar systems show significant variations. English has a fairly fixed word order.
Russian, on the other hand, conveys meaning largely through changes in the composition of words There`s great separation between spoken and written russian. Majority of the Russian Speakers even the fluent cannot write Russian properly. For example milk in Russian is "moloko", but nobody pronounces [moloko], but [malako]. And this kind of hints could be met in the most words Let's Learn Russian Phonology:
Due to differences in the phonological systems, it is relatively difficult for Russians to acquire native-speaker-like standards of pronunciation and intonation
Russian consists of 10 vowel sounds, with no differentiation between short and long vowels.
This contrasts with English which has 12 vowel sounds (5 long, 7 short), plus 8 diphthongs
Russian and English convey meaning through the verb systems in different ways
The Russian system is based in the concept of aspect: actions are either completed or not completed. This is shown by appending affixes to the verb stem
Russian has no articles
Russian is a largely phonetic language Basic words