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PM Eco

Permaculture
by

E A

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of PM Eco

Pacha Mama
Permaculture Project 2013
Implications
Wild life :
Since 1950s, approximately 60% of Costa Rica has been cleared to make room for cattle ranching.

Profound effect on the global climate. 
Guanacaste Climate
November to April:
Little rain and consistent heat

May to November:
Wet season

Tropical dry forest
Past and Present:
12,000 species of plants
1,239 species of butterflies
838 species of birds
440 species of reptiles and amphibians
232 species of mammals
Topsoil Loss
Through Healing &
Developing Dialog with The Land
Making a step towards
Sustainable & Ecological Way of Life
As a community.
4 Pillars of Eco villages
SOCIAL
SPIRITUAL
ECOLOGICAL
Water
Garden
Water &
Pumping system
R R R
Pacha Mama Total Area:

220 hectare
Average Rainfall:
2400 mm/year
Total Runoff:
2,112,000 m3\year

1640
Olympic swimming pools!
DownTown Area :
250,000 m2
Total Runoff:
240,000 m3/year
Maximum Rain Event:
~ 50,000 m3

Daily PachaMama water use:
330,000 L
Around the world
-Natural materials Retention basins
-Keeping the rain water on the land
-Reforestation
-Sustainable organic farming systems
Water harvesting ditch dug on even contour / elevation.
Thus creating no erosion and encouraging the water to move passively, soaking directly into the soil to feed gardens, forests, or regenerate entire acreage and groundwater
aquifers.
- Water retention
-
Affects surrounding
Soil and Climate
- Aquaculture site
-
Wildlife attraction
- Swimming pool
-Legal
-Finance
-Experts & Knowledge
-Man power
-Lack of Awareness to the situation
-lack of cooperation
-From Hierarchy to Guild
-Co Operation
-World Experts -
The "David Wolf 's"
of Permaculture
-Qualification in eco studies
-Additional Work exchange
-Permacalture students
Financing the project:
-W.E program
-Permacalture students
-Give your water for the water
Limiting factors
10 acres of arid desert transformed into a lush, thriving, Food producing garden.
Harvest every drop of rainwater using large Swale
They were able to grow: date palms, pomegranates, figs, mulberries, citrus and more...
"All the world's problems can be solved in a garden“
(Geoff Lawton)
GREENING THE DESERT- JORDAN
Goals
Aho
Choosing the right crops -  
Positive EROEI Cash Crops

NFP- Nitrogen Fixing Plants
Crops that support each other

Aquaculture :
Spirulina, Chlorella
Sepp Holtzer farm
Austria
Tamera video
EM - Effective microorganism
The Charcoal magic
Guinness Records
Water Retention on the slope
Water&Soil
Situation
3 Phases System of Water Retention:
-Swales channels
-Micro Catchment
ponds

-Self sustained
food forest
(~ 8000m2)
On both sides of the valley.
-Slow down runoff speed

Raise up Infiltrate rate thus irrigate the food forest
End erosion of downhill roads and land.
-Connecting phase 1 system to a series of
ponds, dams
and
lagoon
on the creek
-Hold the water from running away down to the river
-Observing phase 2 results
-Plan for expansion of the water project
-Applying
uphill catchment systems

-Fill more of the ground water resources
-Reduce uphill pumping and storing.
The Solution
Ilustrations
Bio intensive gardening
Swales
Lagoons
Ponds - Earth Dams
Bio char- Wood scraps
Ecological footprint
Biogas digester-
Kitchen leftovers
Black\Grey water
Green energy
Over Flow
Break The Loop
Eco Team
Source
Source
To
Rise up Ground Water Level
Sustainability
Improve
Soil fertility
(Topsoil)
Food Forest
Growing our
own food
Reduce Reuse
& Recycle
(RRR)
To
Deforestation
Rich biodiversity :
Under threat from Deforestation!
Deforestation- Disrupt the soil nutrient balance
Flooding
Loss of Wildlife Diversity
Fire
Dust
Drought
Loss of Soil Fertility – Acidic Dry and Compacted
Desertification
RunOff
Desertification
ECONOMICAL
working together on swale
Books and Extra
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Water Retention In Tropical
http://gen.ecovillage.org/
G.E.N -
Seven seeds farm
ponds swales irrigation
Runoff --> Erosion
It takes Centuries if Possible at all For Nature to Recover Itself.
G.E.N - Global Ecovillage Network
"GEN offers inspiring examples of how people and communities can live healthy, cooperative, genuinely happy and meaningful lifestyles"
Exchange of Knowledge
Rain
*Top To Bottom
Although not presented in this way,
its recommended
to go top to bottom:
1.reduce pumps use
2.less sediment is accumulating
in lower ponds = less maintenance
Threshold-
Doing enough in one time to make a difference.
punta mona, costa rica
Yearly Average Rainfall - Nicoya
Ponds are multi- functional :
Tamera - Portugal
Tamera - Portugal
The Vision
(Don't panic it's organic)
One species Super Market
Winged Bean
Sprouts\
Beans
Leaves - Spinach
Pods - Asparagus
Roots - Potatoes
Runoff
-Make Poor Soil - Alive & Fertile
-Compacted ---> Aerated
-Reduce Evaporation & Drought
=
Immune & Thriving Plants

-Maximize Amount&Diversity
Mulch
(Mulch)
Compost Liquid
Lasagna Compost
Aerated Compost Tea
"Water is the most important Capital"
(Sepp Holtzer)
http://www.geofflawton.com/
Geoff Lawton
water flow
water flow
Peak Oil
End Of Money
Water
Food
Energy

The Security Nexus:
+Production
-Consumption
-Human Capital -Efficient
Knowledge Sharing & Applying Mechanism
Grander
SuperFoods, Medicinal Plants&Mushrooms
http://www.grander.com/
Grander Revitalized Water
Oil & Money
HugelKulture
Wood
-Experts Reviews In Field
-Master plans
-Mapping & Surveying
Recycle , Nourish , Source ---> Source
Depletion , Pollute , Source ---> Sink
Toilets
Septic Tanks
Un Composted Human Waste
Contaminates
The Soil & Drinking Water
Compost Toilet Deluxe
No Water
No Electricity
+Karma
+Soil Fertility
Electricity
That's a Swale
Earth Dam
Sunvention
Free & Clean
Compost Toilet Bible
SunVention Solar Energy http://www.sunvention.com/
-Hydro Electric Power
-No more dry Season
-Fertile&Saturated Soil
-Healing&Transformation
-Water abundance
-Springs and Waterfalls
-Less pump use
Jürgen Kleinwächter - Solar Village, Tamera
Bernd "Water" Müller
Positive EROEI
Negative EROEI
Energy Rerurned
On
Energy Invested
EROEI
Viktor Schauberger
"The Water Wizard"

“The healing of the land
and the purification
of the human spirit
is the same process.”
-Masanobu Fukuoka
Loess Plateau, China
After 1000's of years of over grazing - Area in the size of Belgium,
from desert to paradise
The new lake
Runoff = water that not
entering the soil
soil like a sponge
water absorbs
Erosion
like in a toilet paper
water travel up to where it's dry
likewise water in the soil
Earth Worms Compost
EM(bio-fertilazer)
Biochar
Soil & Garden supply
Center
sustainability - when the 4 circles are overlapping
Full transcript