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Transcript of Hajj
What is a Hajj ?
The Hajj is a pilgrimage which means
“ a continuous strive to reach one’s goal.”
Every year during the last month of the Islamic lunar calendar Dhull-Hijjah, over 2 million Muslims from all over the world come to Saudi Arabia to perform the rituals of the Hajj.
It is a spiritual quest of submission to their one god Allah, and a purification of their heart and mind.
Types of Pilgrimage
Conditions of a Hajj
sound of mind
, must have full control of mental faculties
and mature enough to understand the spiritual significance of the Hajj
in order to bear all the expenses for a Hajj
must go with her
. Anyone who she shares a relationship with, such as her brother, father, or husband.
Mental & Physical Preparation
Your intention must be to perform Hajj solely for Allah, and not to impress or please others.
Repent all sins
Resolve all outstanding issues
Pay/record all debts
Make sure the money used for the Hajj has come from a Halal source (lawful)
Memorize Quran and Sunnah; sacred literature's from Islam
Learn the rulings of the Salaat as-Safar, which is a travelers prayers
Men cannot wear any sewn clothing such as a shirt, turban, shoes, etc.
Women can wear normal clothing, but cannot cover their face or hands
A pilgrim should not perfume themselves, clothing , food, or drinks after entering Ihram
They must refrain from cleansing themselves with scented soaps or shampoos.
All matters that could lead to sexual intimacy are forbidden during the Hajj
Pilgrims should not wed or take part in marriage proposals during the Hajj
Pilgrims must not participate in a hunt or assisting someone during a hunt
Should not kill animals, except for those that are harmful towards people (Snake, Scorpio)
Necessary Duas: Prayers
Is a Muslim prayer invoked for pilgrims as a conviction that they intend to perform the Hajj for the glory of their god Allah
It is against the prophet to recite the prayer silently. Men should not recite the prayer with a guide
‘Here I am O Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise, grace and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.’
This prayer must be recited during the following stages of a Hajj:
Intention for Hajj
- In the morning and evening
- Upon entering Makkah (Mecca) province
- Entering Masjid Al-Haram (Sacred Mosque)
- Upon Tawaaf (ritual circling around the Ka’bah in an anti-clockwise direction)
- Reaching the Yemini (1 of 4 corners that point toward the cardinal directions on a compass) of the Ka’bah
- Upon passing and facing The Black Stone (eastern corner of the Ka’bah) in Tawaaf
- At the Muqam-e-Ilbrahim (sacred glass box)
- Drinking ZamZam water
- Going to Sa’y; running from two mountains (Safa & Mawra) seven times
- At Arafat (mountain in Mecca)
- The people of Saudi Arabia are very strict about religion
- They are very mannered and polite to everyone
- They respect all people from around the world
- They dress very modest; women are covered from head to toe
Haram: Sacred Mosque
- When in the Al-Haram everyone should conduct themselves properly
- When in the Haram pilgrims must be respectful and peaceful
- Everyone should spend their time praying to Allah
- Women and men should lower their gaze and show modesty
- Must control their emotions: anger, sadness
An Ihram is a piece of white, seamless clothing that must be worn before entering the Hajj or any pilgrimage
Men and Women must complete the following before entering the city of Mecca:
Before making your intention you must:
- Take a shower
- Cut nails and hair
- Put perfume on (no alcohol)
- Put two piece Ihram on – top is Rida and bottom Ezra
- White cloth represents human equality and unity before Allah.
- Take a shower
- Cut nails and hair
- Wear modest clothing that does not cover face or hands (head must be covered)
-Ihram is one piece
Allowed to use objects that will provide shade
Allowed to wear sandals as long as they do not cover ankles
Allowed to wash Ihram garments
Allowed to bath in the state of Ihram as long as pilgrims use non-scented soaps
A pilgrim wears a Ihram for Umrah (minor Hajj).
When reaching Makkah, the Pilgram, makes Tawaf and Sa'yi for Umrah.
The Pilgrim then shaves or clips hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the 8th day of Dhul-Hijja, they will put on their Ihram and continue out the requirements of the Pilgrimage
A Pilgrim wears the Ihram for Hajj only. When they reach Makkah, they perform Tawaf upon arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj.
Pilgrims remain in Ihram till after they stone Jamrah-Al-Aqaba (monudment) on Eid day (celebration)
A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj, and then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf.
The most common of three forms is Tamattu'. It is the form that the Prophet Mohammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) encouraged his followers to perform. If a pilgrim makes intentions to Qiran or Ifraad the pilgrim may change his/her intentions to Tamattu'
The first steps in a Hajj is to put on Ihram and then make the intention of Ihram
This is done through several days of Dhul-Hijjah:
If performing Tamattu’ Hajj, pilgrims must put on their
clothing and make the intention of the Hajj saying Labbayka Allahumah Hajjan ("O Allah! I answer Your call to perform `Umrah.")
Those that are in the state of Qiran or Ifrad Hajj are already in the state of Ihram.
Pilgrims walk counter-clock wise around the Ka'bah (Sacred house), and kiss or touch the stone
Pilgrims will also run seven times between two mountains: Safa and Mara, symbolizing Hagars search for water, and discovery of the ZamZam well
On this morning it is recommended for those to travel to Mina where they spend the rest of the day and night performing five prayers.
-After the sun rises on Dhul-hijjah 9, pilgrims will leave
and travel up to
, which is a main pillar in the Hajj.
-If needed, staying for a portion of the time is deemed acceptable. However, since the Prophet remained until sunset, pilgrims should not depart until then.
-During the stage of Arafah, pilgrims should spend their time asking Allah for forgiveness. -Arafah is considered to be a very holy day
Mistakes to Avoid at Arafah
Some pilgrims believe it is not necessary to recite Talibyah out loud. It was proven that the Prophet continued to recite them out loud until the end of the day.
When traveling to Arafah, many pilgrims stop outside of the Pillars and remain there until the sun sets. These pilgrims are not within the boundaries, and have not performed a stage of the Hajj
Many pilgrims believe the Prophet stood on the mountain is considered holy, so many climb the mountain to touch the pebbles. This is considered unacceptable and unnecessary.
Night of Dhul-Hijjah 9
After spending the day praying, pilgrims will leave for
. When traveling the Muzdalifah they must remember to keep Allah in their minds and hearts.
Upon reaching Muzdalifah, pilgrims will recite several prayers.
After reciting several prayers, either during their travel or at Muzdadlifah, they are allowed to sleep till dawn. This is known as the
of the Prophet.
Rituals of Dhul- Hijjah 10
After sleeping and prayer at Muzdalifah, pilgrims are required to travel to Mina before sunrise.
After arriving at Mina, there are rituals to complete:
The first ritual is to throw pebbles at
. Seven pebbles are then thrown at its base. Pilgrims are allowed to collect pebbles from
or from wherever they like, but they cannot use pebbles thrown by other pilgrims
It is said: The prophet threw the pebbles when he reached Mina after sunrise.
Women and weaker pilgrims are permitted to stay half the night in Muzdalifah and then go to Mina.
1. Throwing Pebbles
Pilgrims who participate in either Qiran or Tamattu' are required to slaughter an animal for the poor of Makkah. This animal is called
Goats, sheep, cows and Camels are divine animals, and permissible to eat, give as a gift, and/or distribute to the poor.
The following conditions must be met in a Hadi:
- Animals should be healthy and free from defects
-Hadi animals must be under a specific age to be
2. Slaughtering the Hadi Animal
Shaving or Cutting Hair
During this ritual women gather their hair and cut the ends of it. Women can either cut their own hair or get help from other women or Mahrams (non-marriageable men)
Men must shave their heads, and it can be done by barbers or by themselves.
After this process, pilgrims are partly absolved from Ihram and are allowed to change into different clothing. However the restrictions of Ihram still apply.
Final Day of Hajj
Pilgrims must spend two or three nights in Mina. If they decide to leave before the third day they must leave before Maghrib prayer on Dhull-Hijjah 12.
These three days are called
Days of Tashreeq.
1. Spending the Night in Mina
"The day of Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking, and remembering Allah"
On each day of Dhul-Hijjah 11-13, pebbles are thrown by pilgrims at the three Jamarat. Pilgrims must throw seven pebbles into each Jamarat and recite "Bismallah, Allahu, Akbar" when throwing each.
2. Throwing Pebbles at the Three Jamarat
Since the Hajj is nearly complete, pilgrims must compose a Farwell Tawaf to the sacred Mosque by visiting Ka'bah. The farewell Tawaf should be performed before leaving Makkah and by exposing their right shoulder or jogging counter-clockwise around Ka'bah. After completing the Farewell Tawaf, they are permitted to leave Makkah and continue with their lives.
3. Making the Farewell Tawaf
3. Leaving Mina
After finishing the rituals of Dhul-Hijjah 10, pilgrims are completely exempted from Ihram. All restrictions of Ihram, including Intimacy with spouse, are now applicable.
However, these rituals remain:
1. Throwing pebbles
2. Spending a few nights at Mina
3. Making a farewell Tawaf